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  • 1. UNDERSTANDINGINTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, COPYRIGHT AND By: Lauren Munce CITATIONSFOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
  • 2. T YPES OF COPYRIGHTC o p y r i gh t – t o r e p r o d u c e o r p u b l i s h a n d s e l l s o m e t h i n g s o m e b o d y e l s e h a screated, you need to have this special legal right that gives you the right tocopy their work. w h e n s o m e o n e c r e a t e s a w o r k , t h e y b e c o m e t h e a u t h o r a n d t h e y o w n c o p y r i gh tof that work. Only they can produce or reproduce that work. t h e a u t h o r c a n h a v e c o p y r i gh t o n a n y t h i n g t h e y h a v e w r i t t e n , t a k e n ap h o t o gra p h o f , c o m p u t e r s o f t w a r e t h e y h a v e d e s i g n e d , a u d i o v is u a l m a t e r i a l s ,m u s i c t h e y h a v e c o m p o s e d , m a p s t h e y h a v e d e s i g n e d , o r p l a n s o r d r a w i n gs t h e yhave done c o p y r i gh t l a s t s f o r t h e l i f e o f t h e a u t h o r , a n d t h e n 5 0 y e a r s a f t e r t h e y h a v ediedIntellectual Property – When work is done in certain subjects, they result inthese legal rightsT r a d e - M a r ks – A t y p e o f i n t e l l e c t u a l p r o p e r t y w h i c h w h e n a n o w n e r r e g i s t e r scertain words or designs, no one else can use those words or designs.
  • 3. T YPES OF COPYRIGHT CONTINUED..P u b l i c D o m ai n – w o r k s t h a t s o m eo ne h a s c r ea t ed b u t t h a t b el o ng t o t h ep u b l i c . U nl i k e c o p y r i gh t , t h ey do no t r eq u i r e w r i t t en p er m i s s i o n f r o m t h ea u t hor . h a p p ens w h en t h e t er m o f c o p y r i gh t h a s ended ( i t h a s b een 5 0 y ea r s a f t ert h e a u t h o r h a s di ed) , t h e c o p y r i gh t o w ner h a s a l l o w ed t h e p u b l i c t o u s et h ei r w o r k o rt h e w o r k w a s no t u nder c o p y r i gh t i n t h e f i r s t p l a c eP l agi ar i s m – B ei ng di s h o nes t i n a ny t h i ng t h a t y o u h a nd i n w i t h y o u r na m e o ni t . I t o c c u r s w h en: s o m eo ne h a nds i n s o m eo ne el s e’ s w o r k a nd s a y s i t ’ s t h ei r o w n t h i ngs a r e i m p r o p er l y c i t ed. W h en t h i ngs a r e q u o t ed o r p a r a p h r ased, t h eo r i gi na l a u t h o r m u s t b e f o r m a l l y r ef er enc ed i n p r o p er f o r m a t .P at e nt – t h e P a t ent O f f i c e o f t h e go v er nm ent gr a nt s a c r ea t o r o f a p r o du c tt h i s r i gh t s o t h a t o t h er s c a nno t m a k e, u s e o r s el l t h ei r p r o du c t . I t gi v est h e o w ner a c o m p et i t i v e edge b ec a u s e no o ne el s e c a n c r ea t e t h e s a m ep r o du c t .
  • 4. CITATIONS WHAT IS IT? If you take information from a book, a website or use an image for example, you have to link it back to it’s author in this special way. It tells who the author is and where you found the information. WHY DO I NEED TO DO IT? Referencing other authors when you are using their work is important to make sure that you are not violating copyright.
  • 5. HOW DO I CITE? A WEBSITE:Author. “Title of article.” Title of Complete work. Date ofresource creation. Web. Date of visit.For example:• “wheelchair basketball was developed by World War ll veterans and is now played in more than 80 countries”.“Wheelchair Basketball: 12 Facts for London 2012.”Official Website of the Paralympic Movement. 11 June2012. Web. 29 October 2012.
  • 6. HOW DO I CITE? A BOOKWith one author:Author. Title of book. City of publication: Publisher, dateof publication.With two authors:Authors (in the order they are given in the book ). Title ofbook. City of publication: Publisher, date.For example:Halberstam, David. The Breaks of the Game. New York:Alfred A. Knoph, 1981.
  • 7. HOW DO I CITE? AN ARTICLE IN A PERIODICALAuthor. "Title of article.“ Periodical title date: page. Print.• a periodical is a newspaper or a magazine that is published regularlyFor example:Beck, Howard. “A Trade Molded to Stern’s Design.” NewYork Times. October 28 2012: D7. Print.
  • 8. HOW DO I CITE? A VIDEO OR DVDProducer, Director/Editor, & Writer. Year. Title of film.Publication Location.For example:Haldane, H., Jordan, E., & Leckie, K. R. 1989. Where theSpirit Lives. Canada.
  • 9. WHERE DO I CITE? Some citations can require being cited “in -text”. These may include the author’s name and year of publication ( Munce, 2012). • If there are multiple authors, for the first citation you include both ( Munce & Munce, 2012). • For the following you can simply say ( Munce et al. 2012). • “Et al” means “and colleagues”. At the end of your work, usually on a separate page or slide, include a “References” section, where you include all of your citations in alphabetical order.
  • 10. REFERNCES“Wheelchair Basketball: 12 Facts for London 2012.” Official Website of the Paralympic Movement. 11 June 2012. Web. 29 October 2012.Beck, Howard. “A Trade Molded to Stern’s Design.” New York Times. October 28 2012: D7. Print.Halberstam, David. The Breaks of the Game. New York: Alfred A. Knoph, 1981.Haldane, H., Jordan, E., & Leckie, K. R. 1989. Where the Spirit Lives. Canada.