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History of Film and Horror
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History of Film and Horror

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  • 1. History of Film and Horror
  • 2. Eadweard Muybridge - 1879 • Eadweard Muybridge created the zoopraxiscope – a device containing a sequence of photographs, which was spun to create a moving picture.
  • 3. Louis Le Prince - 1888 In 1888 Le Prince shot the first film, a series of moving pictures on paper film using a single lens camera.
  • 4. Auguste and Louis Lumière - 1895 • The French brothers made these short, silent motion pictures when cinematography was at its earliest. • Each of their films were 17 meters long, ran for around 50 seconds and hand cranked through a projector.
  • 5. The First Colour Film - 1902 • Edwardian photographer Edward Turner shot the first colour film in 1902. The film featured children playing, soldiers marching and footage of a bird. The photographer recorded the frames through red, green and blue filters then projected and superimposed them on top of each other.
  • 6. The Vitaphone - 1926 • The vitaphone was a sound system created by the Warner Bros in 1926. The sound was made available separately to the film itself – a film projector was attached to a record player. This method was the last analog sound-on-disc system to be used before sound was included in the film.
  • 7. The First Cinema • The Nickelodeon cinema was the first venue opened specifically for the showing of motion pictures. They charged 5 cents for admission and were most popular between 1905 and 1915.
  • 8. The Main Characteristics of Horror • Horror films are made to create fear and panic whilst also captivating the audience. In the early stages of horror, the genre caused panic to the viewers as the supernatural was a feared subject which many people frowned upon. In comparison to early horror, the genre has improved greatly today. This is because special effects have developed over the years.
  • 9. The History of Horror -1895/6 • Horror movies were originally based on Gothic literature. The Lumiere brothers created the first ‘spook tale’ movie of a dancing skeleton in 1895. • The first film under the genre of horror was Le Manoir du Diable (1896). It lasts 3 minutes and focuses on the supernatural. Ghosts, witches, bats, devils and trolls are all featured in the short film.
  • 10. 1900’s – 1920’s • ‘The silent era’. These years saw very basic storylines of horror. Black and white images featuring no sound were used. • The first vampire horror was made in 1922. It was called Nosferatu and incorporated light and shadow.
  • 11. 1930’s • This decade was very important in the history of horror. Sound started to be incorporated into films, making them even scarier than before. The suspense of hearing someone's footsteps or a haunting scream made a significant difference. • Popular titles such as Dracula, Frankenstein, The Mummy and King Kong were released.
  • 12. 1940’s • Horror movies were banned during these years in Britain due to the war. Tried and tested ideas were used in Hollywood.
  • 13. 1950’s • These years dealt with the devastations of the war and people had too many of their own horror stories to tell. The audience at this time therefore wanted to watch humorous horror such as Frankenstein. • The horror industry had to deal with threats of the television and innovations such as new scary monsters and stereophonic sound were introduced.
  • 14. 1960’s • Concepts of horror changed during these years and the audience wanted to watch films that were realistic and believable. Many films edged away from scary monsters and focused on things that the audience actually thought could happen.
  • 15. 1970’s • Blood and gore was a key part of many horrors in the 1970’s. Popular titles such as The Exorcist, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, Halloween, Jaws, Carrie and The Omen were released and widely successful thanks to budgets being raised and technology advancing.
  • 16. 1980’s • Special effects developed greatly in these years, giving the audience high expectations. • Films such as The Evil Dead and A Nightmare On Elm Street were created.
  • 17. 1990’S - today • Films between the 1990’s and today are almost seamless. They feature believable storylines and disturbing characters that are relevant to today. • There has also been a lot of re-makes in these years. This has enabled a modern take on many classic films that were made without the advanced technology that we have today.

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