ToolsWhat? Conditioning Types Thinkers Applied Home
Behaviorism is… •A principle of “stimulus- response” • All behavior caused by external stimuli (operant conditioning) • All behavior can be explained without the need to consider internal mental states or consciousness
Behaviorism is…• A theory of learning with belief that behaviors areacquired through conditioning• Conditioning occurs through interaction with theenvironment• Behavior can be studied in a systematic and observablemanner with no consideration of internal mental states Home
There are two major types ofconditioning:Classical conditioning • Technique in behavioral training where a naturally occurring stimulus is paired with a responseOperant conditioning • Method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior Home
Major Thinkers in Behaviorism: Ivan Pavlov B. F. Skinner John B. Watson Edward Thorndike Clark Hull
John B. Watson Biography (1878-1958) Best Known For: • Behaviorism • Little Albert ExperimentContributions to Psychology:• Watson set the stage for behaviorism• Theory rose to dominate psychology• Concepts and principles are still widely used today• Used in therapy and behavioral training • Clients change problematic behaviors and develop new skills Home
Use of Theory in Classroom• Teachers could reward their class or certain students with a party or special treat at the end of the week for good behavior throughout the week• The same concept is used with punishments, by taking away certain privileges if the student misbehaves.
•Teachers respond to this theory by: •Heads on the table to implicate students have finished their work•Students respond to this theory by: •Hand signals; raising your hand to speak or putting your pointer finger over your mouth to implicate silence •Lights off to also implicate silence
Use of Theory in my Classroom Positive reinforcement : •Smiling at students after a correct response •Commending students for their work •Selecting them for a special project •Praising students ability to parents
Negative reinforcement:•Submitting all assignments on time results in the lowest grade being dropped•Perfect attendance is rewarded with a “homework pass”Punishment:•Three tardies to class results in a call to the parents Home
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