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Behaviorism

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  • 1. BehaviorismLauren GreenbergerEME 2040
  • 2. Table of Contents What Is Behaviorism? What Is Behaviorism? Cont. Key Figures Key Figures Cont. In the Classroom In the Classroom Cont. My Classroom My Classroom Cont.
  • 3. What is Behaviorism?  Learning theory: all behaviors acquired through conditioning.  All conditioning occurs through interaction with surroundings and environment.
  • 4. What is Behaviorism? Cont.  Two different types of conditioning.  Classical conditioning: stimuli is paired with a response.  Operant conditioning: rewards and punishments occur for behavior.
  • 5. Key Figures Ivan Pavlov B.F. Skinner Edward Thorndike John B. Watson Clark Hull
  • 6. Key Figures Cont. Ivan Pavlov: main theorist. Best known for classical conditioning. Famous experiment: dog salivating in response to food. Results: Dog salivates to another stimuli, not just food. Condition reflex: originate in cerebral cortex.
  • 7. In the Classroom Teachers reward students with gold stars, candy, teacher helper, etc. Teachers make students raise hands before asking questions. Teachers will make students sit out of recess if not behaving.
  • 8. In the Classroom Cont. Students respond negatively to certain lessons being taught, showing teacher to change stimuli. If teacher is teaching poorly, student will walk out, “punishing” teacher.
  • 9. My Classroom If student misbehaves, punishment will take place, i.e. no recess, time out, bad grade, etc. All students will understand raising hands is what must be done to speak in class.
  • 10. My Classroom Cont. Ask permission for everything, bathroom, etc. End of the day, students will wait patiently for daily announcements. Rather than rushing out of classroom when bell rings, wait for permission.
  • 11. Sources http://www.scienceshorts.com/pavlov.htm http://manuelkacieedm310.blogspot.com/ http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychol ogy/f/behaviorism.htm http://www.slu.edu/x13122.xml http://jelyne.edu.glogster.com/behaviorism/