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The History and Future of Data Visualization:Archival Silence, Digital Humanities, and James Hemings                      ...
“You mentioned to me in conversation here that you                 sometimes saw my former servant James, & that he       ...
“You mentioned to me in conversation here that you                 sometimes saw my former servant James, & that he       ...
Copy press, ca. 1786. More information at:http://www.monticello.org/site/house-and-gardens/copying-press
The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition
“Silences enter the process of historical production                 at four crucial moments: the moment of fact          ...
“You mentioned to me in conversation here that you                 sometimes saw my former servant James, & that he       ...
Screencap of a name search for James Hemings in The Papers of ThomasJefferson Digital Edition.
Thomas Jefferson, “Letter to William Evans.” February 22, 1801.The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
Thomas Jefferson, “Letter to William Evans.” February 22, 1801.The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
Keyword search for “James Hemings,” The Papers of Thomas Jefferson DigitalEdition.
Arc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning James Hemings and his family,as noted in The Papers of Thomas Jefferso...
Jefferson and          his familyArc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning James Hemings and his family,as noted...
Jefferson and       Political          his family    correspondentsArc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning Jam...
Jefferson and       Political    Virginia          his family    correspondents   friendsArc diagram of correspondents in ...
Jefferson and       Political    Virginia    International          his family    correspondents   friends    corresponden...
Jefferson and       Political    Virginia    International      Enslaved          his family    correspondents   friends  ...
Jefferson and       Political    Virginia    International      Enslaved           Free          his family    corresponde...
Jefferson and       Political    Virginia    International      Enslaved           Free Unknown          his family    cor...
Arc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning James Hemings and his family,as noted in The Papers of Thomas Jefferso...
Francis Say, “Letter to Thomas Jefferson.” February 23, 1801.The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
William Evans, “Letter to Thomas Jefferson.” February 27, 1801.The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
William Evans, “Letter to Thomas Jefferson.” November 5, 1801.The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
Arc diagram of people mentioned in letters concerning James Hemings and hisfamily, as mined from The Papers of Thomas Jeff...
Chord diagram of people mentioned in letters concerning James Hemings and hisfamily, as mined from The Papers of Thomas Je...
William Playfair   Johann Heinrich Lambert                 1759-1823               1728-1777Image credit: Wikipedia
Image credit: Edward Tufte, The Visual Display of Quantitative Information
“Information, that is imperfectly acquired, is generally as            imperfectly retained; and a man who has carefully i...
Image credit: Edward Tufte, The Visual Display of Quantitative Information
Image credit: Edward Tufte, The Visual Display of Quantitative Information
“A Comparative View of the Quadrupeds of Europe and of America.” Notes on theState of Virginia, 1781-5. Image courtesy of ...
“Vegetables.” Notes on the State of Virginia, 1781-5. Image courtesy of theMassachusetts Historical Society.
“Birds of Virginia.” Notes on the State of Virginia, 1781-5. Image courtesy of theMassachusetts Historical Society.
A page of Thomas Jefferson’s Farm Book, ca. 1774. Image courtesy of theMassachusetts Historical Society.
The History and Future of Data Visualization:Archival Silence, Digital Humanities, and James Hemings                      ...
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Archival Silence, Digital Humanities, and James Hemings

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The slides from my talk at the University of Alabama's Digital Humanities Center, November 7th, 2012.

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Transcript of "Archival Silence, Digital Humanities, and James Hemings"

  1. 1. The History and Future of Data Visualization:Archival Silence, Digital Humanities, and James Hemings University of Alabama Digital Scholarship Center November 7th, 2012 Lauren Klein, Ph.D. Georgia Institute of Technology lauren.klein@lmc.gatech.edu
  2. 2. “You mentioned to me in conversation here that you sometimes saw my former servant James, & that he made his engagements such as to keep himself always free to come to me. Could I get the favor of you to send for him & tell him I shall be glad to receive him as soon as he can come to me?”Thomas Jefferson, “Letter to William Evans.” February 22, 1801.
  3. 3. “You mentioned to me in conversation here that you sometimes saw my former servant James, & that he made his engagements such as to keep himself always free to come to me. Could I get the favor of you to send for him & tell him I shall be glad to receive him as soon as he can come to me?… The truth is that I am so much embarrassed in composing a good houshold [sic] for myself, as in providing a good administration for my country.”Thomas Jefferson, “Letter to William Evans.” February 22, 1801.
  4. 4. Copy press, ca. 1786. More information at:http://www.monticello.org/site/house-and-gardens/copying-press
  5. 5. The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition
  6. 6. “Silences enter the process of historical production at four crucial moments: the moment of fact creation (the making of sources); the moment of fact assembly (the making of archives); the moment of fact retrieval (the making of narratives); and the moment of retrospective significance (the making of history) in the final instance.”Michel-RolpheTrouillot, Silencing the Past: Power and the Production ofHistory (Boston: Beacon Press, 1995): 24.
  7. 7. “You mentioned to me in conversation here that you sometimes saw my former servant James, & that he made his engagements such as to keep himself always free to come to me. Could I get the favor of you to send for him & tell him I shall be glad to receive him as soon as he can come to me?.”Thomas Jefferson, “Letter to William Evans.” February 22, 1801.
  8. 8. Screencap of a name search for James Hemings in The Papers of ThomasJefferson Digital Edition.
  9. 9. Thomas Jefferson, “Letter to William Evans.” February 22, 1801.The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  10. 10. Thomas Jefferson, “Letter to William Evans.” February 22, 1801.The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  11. 11. Keyword search for “James Hemings,” The Papers of Thomas Jefferson DigitalEdition.
  12. 12. Arc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning James Hemings and his family,as noted in The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  13. 13. Jefferson and his familyArc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning James Hemings and his family,as noted in The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  14. 14. Jefferson and Political his family correspondentsArc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning James Hemings and his family,as noted in The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  15. 15. Jefferson and Political Virginia his family correspondents friendsArc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning James Hemings and his family,as noted in The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  16. 16. Jefferson and Political Virginia International his family correspondents friends correspondentsArc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning James Hemings and his family,as noted in The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  17. 17. Jefferson and Political Virginia International Enslaved his family correspondents friends correspondents plantation staffArc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning James Hemings and his family,as noted in The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition
  18. 18. Jefferson and Political Virginia International Enslaved Free his family correspondents friends correspondents plantation staff plantation staffArc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning James Hemings and his family,as noted in The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  19. 19. Jefferson and Political Virginia International Enslaved Free Unknown his family correspondents friends correspondents plantation staff plantation staffArc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning James Hemings and his family,as noted in The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  20. 20. Arc diagram of correspondents in letters concerning James Hemings and his family,as noted in The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition
  21. 21. Francis Say, “Letter to Thomas Jefferson.” February 23, 1801.The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  22. 22. William Evans, “Letter to Thomas Jefferson.” February 27, 1801.The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  23. 23. William Evans, “Letter to Thomas Jefferson.” November 5, 1801.The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  24. 24. Arc diagram of people mentioned in letters concerning James Hemings and hisfamily, as mined from The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  25. 25. Chord diagram of people mentioned in letters concerning James Hemings and hisfamily, as mined from The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition.
  26. 26. William Playfair Johann Heinrich Lambert 1759-1823 1728-1777Image credit: Wikipedia
  27. 27. Image credit: Edward Tufte, The Visual Display of Quantitative Information
  28. 28. “Information, that is imperfectly acquired, is generally as imperfectly retained; and a man who has carefully investigated a printed table finds, when done, that he has only a very faint and partial idea of what he has read; and that like a figure imprinted on sand, is soon totally erased and defaced. “The amount of mercantile transactions in money, and of profit or loss, are capable of being as easily represented in drawing, as any part of space, or as the face of a country; though, till now, it has not been attempted. Upon that principle these Charts were made; and, while they give a simple and distinct idea, they are as near perfect accuracy as is any way useful. “On inspecting any one of these Charts attentively, a sufficiently distinct impression will be made, to remain unimpaired for a considerable time, and the idea which does remain will be simple and complete, at once including the duration and the amount.”William Playfair, The Commercial and Political Atlas, 3rd edition. New York:Cambridge UP, 2005 [1801]: 11-2.
  29. 29. Image credit: Edward Tufte, The Visual Display of Quantitative Information
  30. 30. Image credit: Edward Tufte, The Visual Display of Quantitative Information
  31. 31. “A Comparative View of the Quadrupeds of Europe and of America.” Notes on theState of Virginia, 1781-5. Image courtesy of the Massachusetts Historical Society.
  32. 32. “Vegetables.” Notes on the State of Virginia, 1781-5. Image courtesy of theMassachusetts Historical Society.
  33. 33. “Birds of Virginia.” Notes on the State of Virginia, 1781-5. Image courtesy of theMassachusetts Historical Society.
  34. 34. A page of Thomas Jefferson’s Farm Book, ca. 1774. Image courtesy of theMassachusetts Historical Society.
  35. 35. The History and Future of Data Visualization:Archival Silence, Digital Humanities, and James Hemings University of Alabama Digital Scholarship Center November 7th, 2012 Lauren Klein, Ph.D. Georgia Institute of Technology lauren.klein@lmc.gatech.edu
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