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Taxonomy

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  • 1. Section 26.1 – Taxonomy By Lauren Banjo!
  • 2. Taxonomy
    • Classifying living and extinct organisms and viruses
    • Hierarchy
    • Easier for scientists to study if they're in groups
    • Each group is called a taxon
  • 3. Taxonomic Groups
    • Domain
    • Supergroup
    • Kingdom
    • Phylum
    • Class
    • Order
    • Family
    • Genus
    • Species
  • 4. Domain
    • Largest and broadest groups
    • There are 3 domains
      • Bacteria
      • Archaea
      • Eukaryea
  • 5. Differences Between Domains
  • 6. Supergroup and Kingdom
    • Domain Eukarya divided into 7 supergroups
      • Animalia and Fungi under “Opisthokonta”
      • Plantae under “Land plants and algal relatives”
  • 7. Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species
    • Taxons get progressively smaller and more specific
    • The more specific, the similar the characteristics
  • 8. Binomial Nomenclature
    • Standard method for naming species
    • First name is the Genus, second is a specific epithet
    • Genus name is capitalized, epithet is not
    • Both are italicized
    • In the same passage, the second time it's mentioned, the Genus can be abbreviated
    • Examples: Homo sapien (first mention) H. sapien (other mentions)
  • 9. Can anyone name a species?
    • Yes!
    • There are rules to follow
    • Rules are put in place by:
      • International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) for animal species
      • International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) for plant species
      • International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes (ICSP) for prokaryotes