Taxonomy

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Taxonomy

  1. 1. Section 26.1 – Taxonomy By Lauren Banjo!
  2. 2. Taxonomy <ul><li>Classifying living and extinct organisms and viruses </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Easier for scientists to study if they're in groups </li></ul><ul><li>Each group is called a taxon </li></ul>
  3. 3. Taxonomic Groups <ul><li>Domain </li></ul><ul><li>Supergroup </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Genus </li></ul><ul><li>Species </li></ul>
  4. 4. Domain <ul><li>Largest and broadest groups </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 domains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bacteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archaea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eukaryea </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Differences Between Domains
  6. 6. Supergroup and Kingdom <ul><li>Domain Eukarya divided into 7 supergroups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animalia and Fungi under “Opisthokonta” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plantae under “Land plants and algal relatives” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species <ul><li>Taxons get progressively smaller and more specific </li></ul><ul><li>The more specific, the similar the characteristics </li></ul>
  8. 8. Binomial Nomenclature <ul><li>Standard method for naming species </li></ul><ul><li>First name is the Genus, second is a specific epithet </li></ul><ul><li>Genus name is capitalized, epithet is not </li></ul><ul><li>Both are italicized </li></ul><ul><li>In the same passage, the second time it's mentioned, the Genus can be abbreviated </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Homo sapien (first mention) H. sapien (other mentions) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Can anyone name a species? <ul><li>Yes! </li></ul><ul><li>There are rules to follow </li></ul><ul><li>Rules are put in place by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) for animal species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) for plant species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes (ICSP) for prokaryotes </li></ul></ul>

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