Family literacy-presentation-3


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Family literacy-presentation-3

  1. 1. 10 ways that parents/families can helptheir children become better readersEast Side Community High School© Mark Federman
  2. 2. A recent study by Richard Allington, a national expert on literacy, shows that in order for students in middle school and beyond toread at grade level, they must read on average three to four hours a day. Your children read about 2 hours a day in school(including independent reading and all other work). Therefore, it is vital that your child does a minimum of 1 hour of reading a day athome during the weekdays, and even more on the weekends. This might sound a bit much to some of you. However, if you think for amoment about how much time your child spends watching television, playing video games, listening to music, and/or talking on thetelephone each day, one to two hours of reading per day is not much time at all to ask of them.A 2004 study by The American Academy for child and Adolescent Psychiatry states the followingfrightening facts:•Children in the United States watch an average of three to four hours of television a day.•By the time of high school graduation, they will have spent more time watching television than they have inthe classroom.•Time spent watching television takes away from important activities such as reading, school work, playing,exercise, family interaction, and social development.•Children who watch a lot of television are likely to:• Have lower grades in school• Read fewer books• Exercise less• Be overweightAnother 2004 study showed that “adolescent girls played video games for an average of 5 hours a week (and) boysaveraged 13 hours a week" (Gentile, Lynch, Linder & Walsh). The authors also stated that teens who play videogames for extended periods of time see a decline in school achievement (Gentile et al, 2004).
  3. 3. 1. Make sure that your childreads every single night for aminimum of 60 minutes• No exceptions• The best way to become a better reader is toread more
  4. 4. 2. Read as a family• Model reading• Read to or with your child• Have older children read to younger ones• Read the same books as your child• Create quiet space• Have set time• Establish family book clubs
  5. 5. 3. Ask your child about whats/he is reading and discuss thebook or article with him/her• What is the message or author’s purpose?• What does the book/article teach you? What is your evidence?• What is happening “so far” in the book/article?• What do you “predict” will happen next or later?• What obstacle(s) do/does the main character face?• How does the main character/person learning or accomplishing?• How is the character feeling? (Use words on the list)
  6. 6. 4. Have reading materials aroundthe house and in child’s room• Books• Magazines• Newspapers• Build your child’s library– Bookstores/Strand (12thStreet and Broadway –2ndfloor)– Library discard sales– Scholastic book club– Give books and magazines as gifts
  7. 7. 5. Visit the library or bookstores with your child• Use bookstores as libraries• Make an afternoon of it• Make sure everyone has librarycards
  8. 8. 6. Encourage your child to learn and use new wordsLearn new words from…• Reading• Television• Music• Movies• Advertisements and signs• Conversations• Sophisticated synonyms listOwn a dictionary and thesaurus that is age and levelappropriate
  9. 9. 7. Find ways to integrate reading into other fun activities that interest your child• Movies, music, television• Sports, cooking and other hobbies• Travel and vacation
  10. 10. 8. Track reading andestablish incentives• Set goals using “Reading Record” and“Reading Plan”– Nightly– Week– Number of books/Type of books• Keep lists and charts• Reward completion and progress• Praise your child for reading
  11. 11. 9. Understand your child’s favoritetypes and genres of books andhis/her appropriate level• Look for trends in your child’s reading:favorite genres, series, authors, topics, etc.• Remind your child that independent readingshould be at a comfortable reading level• Allow your child to abandon books thatdon’t seem to be a good fit
  12. 12. 10. Make sure that your childreads every single night for aminimum of 60 minutes• No exceptions• The best way to become a better reader is toread more