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  • 1. Parts of speech
  • 2. ELA6C1 The student demonstrates understanding and control of the rules of the English language, realizing that usage involves the appropriate application of conventions and grammar in both written and spoken formats
    a. Identifies and uses the eight basic parts of speech and demonstrates that words can be different parts of speech within a sentence
  • 3. A noun is a….
    PERSON,PLACE, THING, or IDEA
  • 4. Person: friend, parent, boy, Jane
    Place: home, city, backyard, Mcdonalds
    Thing: ball, homework, secret, Easter
    Idea: happiness, trouble, love
  • 5. Common vs. Proper
    Common Nouns: Name general items
    Proper Nouns: Name specific things
    CommonProper
    coffee shop Starbucks
    jeans Levi’s
    country United States
    singer Justin Bieber
  • 6. Abstract Nouns
    Nouns that you CANNOT :
    see, hear, smell, taste, or feel
    Bravery Love
    Trust Creativity
    Freedom Thought
    Education Communication
    Honesty
  • 7. COLLECTIVE NOUNS
    Names groups composed of members
    Audience Family Department
    Team Class Committee Company Group
  • 8. PLURAL NOUNS
    More than one
    Usually just add an “s” or an “es”
    more than one girl = girls
    more than one kiss = kisses
    more than one box = boxes
    more than one snake = snakes
    Irregular Plural forms:
    more than one goose = geese
    more than one child = children
    more than one mouse = mice
  • 9. POSSESSIVE NOUNS
    Names who or what has something
    The captain’s voice
    The child’s mother
    My father’s car
    The baby’s bottle
  • 10. My team won the championship game.
    A. Plural Noun
    B. Collective Noun
  • 11. My sister’s hair is blonde now.
    A. Possessive Noun
    B. Plural Noun
    C. Collective Noun
  • 12. I was happy about my new friendship with Susan.
    A. Plural Noun
    B. Collective Noun
    C. Abstract Noun
  • 13. The women in my mother’s club are very nice.
    A. Collective Noun
    B. Plural Noun
    C. Possessive Noun
  • 14. It took an hour to finish my homework assignments.
    A. Possessive Noun
    B. Collective Noun
    C. Plural Noun
  • 15. We stopped by Taco Bell on the way home from practice.
    A. Collective Noun
    B. Proper Noun
    C. Common Noun
  • 16. My mother appreciated my honesty when I admitted to breaking her vase.
    A. Possessive Noun
    B. Abstract Noun
    C. Collective Noun
  • 17. ADJECTIVES
    Describes a noun
    Tells….
    What kind?I found a RED rose.
    How many? THREEtickets, please.
    Which one? I would eat THESE muffins.
  • 18. COMMON ADJECTIVES
    A simple, regular adjective
    Describes a noun in a general way
    sharp, flexible, hot, red, hidden, dripping, nice, huge, slow, hairy, beautiful, straight, crazy, smart, shy, nervous, loud….
  • 19. SADBLUE CHILLY EMPTY
    OLD SWEET STRONG RICH
  • 20. PROPER ADJECTIVES
    Derived from propernouns
    Usually capitalized
    Proper NounProper Adjective
    America
    Mexico
    England
    Mars
    American
    Mexican
    English
    Martian
  • 21. Demonstrative adjectives
    Points out nouns
    Always answers the question which one?
    Singular Plural
    THIS
    THAT
    THESE
    THOSE
  • 22. I saw a rabbit run under these bushes.
    Can you understand the plot of this book?
    I think those flowers are beautiful.
    That boy did well on this test.
  • 23. VERBS
    Express actionor state of being
  • 24. ACTION VERBS
    Show action
    -Can be actions you can’t see: thought, wanted
    -Time-telling verbs: Tell when something takes place
    Present tense: runs
    Past tense: ran
    Future tense: will run
  • 25. TRANSITIVE
    Takes a direct object
    Transmits action to an object
    He sent the letter. 
    You lifted the bag. 
    I ate the pie. 
    Direct object receives the action
    (letter = direct object of sent)
    (bag receives the action of lifted)
    (pie receives the action of ate)
  • 26. INTRANSITIVE
    Does not take an object
    Verbs that are ALWAYS intransitive:
    arrive, go, lie, sneeze, sit, die
    She sleeps too much.
    James went to the store.
    Glenda sits on the front porch.
    Nothing receives the action of the verbs
  • 27. TRANSITIVE VS. INTRANSITIVE
    She sings every day.
    (no object = intransitive)
    She sings songs.
    (songs receives the action of sings = transitive)
    The boy eats candy.
    (candy receives the action of eats = transitive)
    The boy eats after dinner.
    (no object = intransitive)
  • 28. The old woman struggled up the hill.
    A. Transitive
    B. Intransitive
  • 29. The man bought flowers for his wife.
    A. Transitive
    B. Intransitive
  • 30. The sun rose early this morning.
    A. Transitive
    B. Intransitive
  • 31. At the end of the play, the entire cast dances across the stage.
    A. Transitive
    B. Intransitive
  • 32. I eat mustard on my french fries instead of ketchup.
    A. Transitive
    B. Intransitive
  • 33. Jack knew his hard work paid off when he received first prize.
    A. Transitive
    B. Intransitive
  • 34. LINKING VERBS
    Do notexpress action
    Connects the subject of the verb to additional information about the subject.
    True Linking Verbs:
    Any form of be [am, is, are, was, were, has been, are being, might have been, etc.. ]
    become, and seem
  • 35. Jane is an athlete.
    During the afternoon, my cats are content to nap on the couch.
    After drinking the old milk, John turned green.
    Mark feels sleepy after eating a big meal.
  • 36. LINKING VS. ACTION
    If you can substitute am, is, or are & the sentence still makes sense, it is a linking verb
    If, after the substitution, the sentence makes no sense, it is an action verb
    Linking OR Action verbs:
    appear, feel, grow, look, prove, remain, smell, sound, taste, and turn
  • 37. Sylvia tasted the spicy stew.  (Sylvia is the stew.)
    Tasted is a(n) action verb in this sentence.
    The stew tasted good.  (The stew is good.)
    Tasted is a(n) linking verb in this sentence.
    I smell the aroma of the stew.  (I am the aroma.)
    Smell is a(n) action verb in this sentence.
    The stew smells heavenly.  (The stew is heavenly.)
    Smells in a(n) linking verb in this sentence.
  • 38. The ghost appeared in the doorway.
    A. Linking
    B. Action
  • 39. My mother tasted the soup to make sure it was not too hot.
    A. Linking
    B. Action
  • 40. Jenny looks at the pictures in the book.
    A. Linking
    B. Action
  • 41. The gardener grew some flowers.
    A. Linking
    B. Action
  • 42. The women grew silent when she saw the bear.
    A. Linking
    B. Action