TOTALITARIANISMabsolute control by the state or a governing branch of a highly centralized institution.
VLADIMIR LENINLenin was a communist politician inRussia, and the leader of theBolsheviks.According to Lenin’s ideas, theproletariat was the working class. Heled a socialist government where thework class was brought into politicalpower.NEP allowed people to own and sell,rather than complete governmentownership.
STALIN Stalin’s Great Purges were efforts to excommunicate everyone in Russia that was against Stalin and his political ideas. He banned, killed and harmed millions of people during these purges. Stalin’s “Five Year Plans” were plans to urbanize Russia. However, his expectations were far too rigorous, causing people to lie about their quotas. And because people lied about their quotas and the progress of each project, Stalin’s plans failed miserably. Collectivization was Stalin’s plan to, instead of having individually owned farms, have community farms and have everyone work together on one huge farm. He proceeded to take all the land away from it’s owner and combine it all into one large farm. This was not effective.
LEON TROTSKYUnder Lenin, Trotsky was the head of the Red Army as the people’scommissar of army and navy affairs.After Lenin died and Stalin was brought into power, Trotsky was seenas a treat to Stalin’s power. Because of this he was exiled and killed.
MAO ZEDONGHe was the leader of China.He developed “The Great Leap Forward”He believed that peasants of all people were the mostimportant to the revolution.He defeated Generalissmo Chiang Kai-Shek to gainpower in China.
MAO CONTINUEDThe Cultural Revolution was a political movement in China that establishedsocialist government over the capitalist government.The Great Leap Forward was Zedong’s attempt to increase agriculturalproduction in China. It resulted in millions of deaths and complete failure.
HITLERMein Kampf, meaning “My Struggles,” wasHitler’s book that he wrote while spendingtime in Prison. This book depicted all ofHitler’s ideas and views and greatly affectedhis popularity within the country.The ﬁre at the Reichstag was an importantmark in Hitler’s life because this event scaredthe citizen’s and the political leaders alike.After this event, Hitler was given power overthe government for a limited amount of timeand this event led to his eventual take over ofGermany.The SS was Hitler’s original Nazi party. Theyworked as Hitler’s body guards and were usedfor his protection and defense.
MUSSOLINIBenito Mussolini is most known for his creation of afascist government in Italy.The Black Shirts were Mussolini’s minions. Theywere a fascist group in mainly Italy, and could becompared to Hitler’s SS group.His nickname was Ii Duce.