Laurann Fowler - Period 3 THE REVOLUTIONSRevolution: the defeat or overthrow of a government, and change in order of the government’s social system.
THE MAGNA CARTAThe Magna Carta was written for England.It was written in 1215.The Magna Carta made it harder for kings to taxpeople, for they had to go through other peopleto do so. The Magna Carta made it so that thekings required approval to tax.This was a form of “rule of law” because it statedlaws that everyone had to follow, including kings.
THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION The Glorious Revolution also took place in England. William III took over the throne due to this revolution. As a result of this revolution, the Bill of Rights was written. This document was a set of rights that all people were entitled to, making the kings less powerful, and making them consider the people more than they did prior to the revolution.
THE ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTSThe Bill of Rights was written on April 11, 1689.The Bill of Rights gave rights to the people of England. Itchanged the law so that kings no longer had complete powerover everyone. It limited the kings rights and increasedeveryone else’s.
THE ENLIGHTENMENTThe Age of Enlightenment was a period in historyin which many new ideas were brought about, andmany old ideas were challenged. The time periodincluded many scientiﬁc advances, and took placein many diﬀerent countries all over the world.The Enlightenment started around 1650, andended around 1800.This period in history is signiﬁcant because manyadvances in both society, and science were madeduring this time period. During the Enlightenmentpeople started to think for themselves instead ofjust believing whatever they were told. Manypeople branched out with their minds and startedto ﬁgure out how things in the world really work,or how they could work better.
CHARLES-LOUIS MONTESQUIEUCharles-Louis Montesquieu was from France.He was a French jurist and a political philosopher, and issigniﬁcant in history because his ideas inﬂuenced theAmerican Revolution and the founders of the U.S.Constitution.
JOHN LOCKE John Locke was from England. He lived from 1632 to 1704. He believed in natural rights, rights that every person is naturally born with and cannot be denied of. Natural rights come from the belief of natural law, which in-tails that everyone is born as a creature of nature or God, giving them rights that cannot be violated by any person, society, or government.
JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAUHe was a philosopherfrom Geneva,Switzerland.He is known for hispolitical philosophy whichwas a strong inﬂuence onthe French Revolution.He also wrote many well-known novels.
TOMAS JEFFERSONTomas Jeﬀerson was born in Shadwell, Virginia.He is most famous for being the author of the Declaration of Independence.While writing the Declaration of Independence, Jeﬀerson changed the natural rights from, “Life, liberty, andproperty,” to “Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness,” because he believed that John Locke was not right insaying that. He believed that “property” was too speciﬁc and would not be broad enough for future reference. Healso thought that property was something that people had to be able to aﬀord, making it something that peopleare not automatically given. He thought that it was too greedy of a term for the Declaration of Independence.