Joseph Campbell Hero And Quest

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A short ppt used to supplement course materials on Joseph Campbell's Hero and the Quest.

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Joseph Campbell Hero And Quest

  1. 1. “ Joseph Campbell’s Monomyth: Hero with a Thousand Faces By Dr. L. Nicosia
  2. 2. Based on the pattern of : <ul><li>Separation </li></ul><ul><li>Initiation </li></ul><ul><li>Return </li></ul>
  3. 3. Separation: <ul><li>The Call to Adventure </li></ul><ul><li>Refusal of the Call </li></ul><ul><li>Supernatural Intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing the first threshold </li></ul>
  4. 4. Initiation: <ul><li>The Road of Trials </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting with the Goddess/Witch </li></ul><ul><li>Temptation </li></ul><ul><li>Atonement with Father </li></ul><ul><li>Apotheosis </li></ul><ul><li>The Boon </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Hero returns
  6. 6. Upon His Return He Faces: <ul><li>A fallen homeland </li></ul><ul><li>A land in disarray </li></ul><ul><li>A trap </li></ul><ul><li> OR </li></ul><ul><li>A warm welcome as savior </li></ul>
  7. 7. Campbell identifies the hero’s journey with even more specificity…
  8. 8. Stages of the Hero’s Journey: <ul><li>Birth with fabulous circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Call to adventure </li></ul><ul><li>Helper/Amulet (wizard, dwarf, fairy godmother) </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing the threshold (The Ordeal) </li></ul>
  9. 9. And then… <ul><li>The Test —violent encounters with monsters, sorcerers, warriors or forces of nature </li></ul><ul><li>Helpers assist in the tests and serve as loyal companions. </li></ul><ul><li>The final battle facilitates resolution </li></ul>
  10. 10. There’s still more… <ul><li>The Flight </li></ul><ul><li>The Return (awakening, rebirth, resurrection or emergence from a cave or forest) </li></ul><ul><li>The Elixir (may be a restorative or healer, but may also define the hero’s role in society) </li></ul><ul><li>Home </li></ul>
  11. 11. These characters tussle with critical moral and ethical dilemmas: <ul><li>They struggle with their own human flaws and weaknesses (Hamartia?) </li></ul><ul><li>They confront external obstacles and injustices (successfully or not) </li></ul><ul><li>They learn to navigate power structures (or capitulate to the hegemony) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Through their struggles,they teach us about who we are and who we wish to be (or not to be).
  13. 13. What is YOUR definition of a Hero?
  14. 14. What is the classical definition of a Hero as per Aristotle? <ul><li>Protagonist of high standing </li></ul><ul><li>Hamartia </li></ul><ul><li>Downfall/Reversal of fortune as a result of hamartia </li></ul><ul><li>Catharsis </li></ul><ul><li>Epiphany </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul>
  15. 15. Are they Heroes, today, according to Arthur Miller? <ul><ul><li>Protagonist may be a “Common Man” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protagonist has a flaw or makes a mistake/misstep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiences a reversal of fortune </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audience experiences a purgation of emotion (catharsis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protagonist may experience a literal OR a figurative “death” </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Tragedy and the Common Man <ul><li>You can access Arthur Miller’s essay through “External Links” on our Blackboard site or at this address directly: </li></ul><ul><li><http://vccslitonline.cc.va.us/tragedy/milleressay.htm> </li></ul>
  17. 17. As we read through these Great Books this semester: <ul><li>We will question whether the Hero, his/her quest and his/her ideals are still valid and useful in today’s world. </li></ul><ul><li>We will search for commonalities between the texts of the ancients and our contemporary literatures of today. </li></ul>
  18. 18. The End… Or, is it just the beginning? L. Nicosia 2006

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