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“ Joseph Campbell’s Monomyth:  Hero with a Thousand Faces By Dr. L. Nicosia
Based on the pattern of : <ul><li>Separation </li></ul><ul><li>Initiation </li></ul><ul><li>Return </li></ul>
Separation: <ul><li>The Call to Adventure </li></ul><ul><li>Refusal of the Call </li></ul><ul><li>Supernatural Interventio...
Initiation: <ul><li>The Road of Trials </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting with the Goddess/Witch </li></ul><ul><li>Temptation </li>...
The Hero returns
Upon His Return He Faces: <ul><li>A fallen homeland </li></ul><ul><li>A land in disarray </li></ul><ul><li>A trap </li></u...
Campbell identifies the hero’s journey with even more specificity…
Stages of the Hero’s Journey: <ul><li>Birth with fabulous circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Call to adventure </li></ul><ul>...
And then… <ul><li>The Test —violent encounters with monsters, sorcerers, warriors or forces of nature </li></ul><ul><li>He...
There’s still more… <ul><li>The Flight  </li></ul><ul><li>The Return (awakening, rebirth, resurrection or emergence from a...
These characters tussle with critical moral and ethical dilemmas: <ul><li>They struggle with their own human flaws and wea...
Through their struggles,they teach us about who we  are  and who we  wish  to be (or  not  to be).
What is YOUR definition of a Hero?
What is the classical definition of a Hero as per Aristotle? <ul><li>Protagonist of high standing </li></ul><ul><li>Hamart...
Are they Heroes, today, according to Arthur Miller? <ul><ul><li>Protagonist may be a “Common Man” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Tragedy and the Common Man <ul><li>You can access Arthur Miller’s essay through “External Links” on our Blackboard site or...
As we read through these Great Books this semester: <ul><li>We will question whether the Hero, his/her quest and his/her i...
The End… Or, is it just the beginning? L. Nicosia 2006
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Joseph Campbell Hero And Quest

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A short ppt used to supplement course materials on Joseph Campbell's Hero and the Quest.

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Transcript of "Joseph Campbell Hero And Quest"

  1. 1. “ Joseph Campbell’s Monomyth: Hero with a Thousand Faces By Dr. L. Nicosia
  2. 2. Based on the pattern of : <ul><li>Separation </li></ul><ul><li>Initiation </li></ul><ul><li>Return </li></ul>
  3. 3. Separation: <ul><li>The Call to Adventure </li></ul><ul><li>Refusal of the Call </li></ul><ul><li>Supernatural Intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing the first threshold </li></ul>
  4. 4. Initiation: <ul><li>The Road of Trials </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting with the Goddess/Witch </li></ul><ul><li>Temptation </li></ul><ul><li>Atonement with Father </li></ul><ul><li>Apotheosis </li></ul><ul><li>The Boon </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Hero returns
  6. 6. Upon His Return He Faces: <ul><li>A fallen homeland </li></ul><ul><li>A land in disarray </li></ul><ul><li>A trap </li></ul><ul><li> OR </li></ul><ul><li>A warm welcome as savior </li></ul>
  7. 7. Campbell identifies the hero’s journey with even more specificity…
  8. 8. Stages of the Hero’s Journey: <ul><li>Birth with fabulous circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Call to adventure </li></ul><ul><li>Helper/Amulet (wizard, dwarf, fairy godmother) </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing the threshold (The Ordeal) </li></ul>
  9. 9. And then… <ul><li>The Test —violent encounters with monsters, sorcerers, warriors or forces of nature </li></ul><ul><li>Helpers assist in the tests and serve as loyal companions. </li></ul><ul><li>The final battle facilitates resolution </li></ul>
  10. 10. There’s still more… <ul><li>The Flight </li></ul><ul><li>The Return (awakening, rebirth, resurrection or emergence from a cave or forest) </li></ul><ul><li>The Elixir (may be a restorative or healer, but may also define the hero’s role in society) </li></ul><ul><li>Home </li></ul>
  11. 11. These characters tussle with critical moral and ethical dilemmas: <ul><li>They struggle with their own human flaws and weaknesses (Hamartia?) </li></ul><ul><li>They confront external obstacles and injustices (successfully or not) </li></ul><ul><li>They learn to navigate power structures (or capitulate to the hegemony) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Through their struggles,they teach us about who we are and who we wish to be (or not to be).
  13. 13. What is YOUR definition of a Hero?
  14. 14. What is the classical definition of a Hero as per Aristotle? <ul><li>Protagonist of high standing </li></ul><ul><li>Hamartia </li></ul><ul><li>Downfall/Reversal of fortune as a result of hamartia </li></ul><ul><li>Catharsis </li></ul><ul><li>Epiphany </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul>
  15. 15. Are they Heroes, today, according to Arthur Miller? <ul><ul><li>Protagonist may be a “Common Man” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protagonist has a flaw or makes a mistake/misstep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiences a reversal of fortune </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audience experiences a purgation of emotion (catharsis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protagonist may experience a literal OR a figurative “death” </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Tragedy and the Common Man <ul><li>You can access Arthur Miller’s essay through “External Links” on our Blackboard site or at this address directly: </li></ul><ul><li><http://vccslitonline.cc.va.us/tragedy/milleressay.htm> </li></ul>
  17. 17. As we read through these Great Books this semester: <ul><li>We will question whether the Hero, his/her quest and his/her ideals are still valid and useful in today’s world. </li></ul><ul><li>We will search for commonalities between the texts of the ancients and our contemporary literatures of today. </li></ul>
  18. 18. The End… Or, is it just the beginning? L. Nicosia 2006
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