Key People• Allan Paivio Information Visually and Verbally leads to better recall and recognition.• Robert Gagne Identified areas of learning, concentrated on conditions needed for learning.• Howard Gardner Developed the theory of multiple intelligences.• Benjamin Bloom Developed Bloom’s Taxonomy (levels in cognitive domain)
Key Points of Cognitive Theory• Cognitive approach to learning• Replaced behaviorism• Focuses on the Mind – Thinking – Knowledge – Memory – Problem solving
Classroom Implications/Teacher• Cognitivist theory in the classroom - Hands on, students should be actively participating in learning. - Building on previously presented lessons, the sense of lessons “scaffolding”. - Touching on multiple learning styles, i.e.; provide visual aid, kinesthetic aid, etc.. - Challenging in a way that requires students to think.
Teacher and Cognitivist Theory (cont.)• Technology and the cognitivist theory go hand in hand, - Educational computer games - Information mapping/webbing software - Internet research tools - Audio/video presentation software - Interactive software - Interactive whiteboards
Classroom Implications/Student-All students have unique ways of learning, though they mostlikely do not learn the more advanced terms until later (i.e.visual, kinesthetic, etc.)- In certain classroom settings, certain learning styles are ratherdifficult ways of learning. For instance, it would be difficult for anauditory learner to learn in an online classroom, such as FLVS. Insuch situations, either the student or the teacher or both mustcome up with a way for the subject matter to sink in. In thisexample, it may be beneficial for the student to read thewebpages aloud and perhaps record this for later usage.
Svinicki’s Learning Principles• If information is to be learned, it must first be recognized as important.• During learning, learners act on information in ways that make it more meaningful.• Learners store information in long-term memory in an organized fashion related to their existing understanding of the world.
Svinicki’s Learning Principles Cont…• Learners continually check understanding.• Transfer of learning to new contexts is not automatic.• Learning is facilitated when learners are aware of their learning strategies and monitor their use.
What you think about the theory for your own teaching?• Cognitive Theory is effective! – Allows students to use critical thinking skills. – Allows students to elaborate & expand on their answers – Allows the teacher to thoroughly evaluate students’ comprehension, knowledge, creativity, innovation, and vision
Resources *All images used are not authorized by their original creator*• dailygalaxy.com• funderstanding.com• learning-theories.com/cognitivism.html• Squidoo.com/cognitive-theories-and-their- functions• school.discoveryeducation.com• alliesconsulting.com• ucat.osu.edu/read/teaching/how_students_learn /learn_motivationtheories.html