Msj constructivism copy

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Msj constructivism copy

  1. 1. CONSTRUCTIVIS M An Overview
  2. 2. BEFORE WE BEGIN How do you learn? How do you come to understand something new? Write on a piece of paper and add more as we go along today. Keep the list running.
  3. 3. CONSTRUCTIVISM IS…  A learning theory  A theory of how people gain knowledge  Based on observation and scientific study and supported by decades of research
  4. 4. BELIEFS OF CONSTRUCTIVISM  People build or construct their own understanding, knowledge and learning. (clay)  People learn best by a repeated and active process of experience and reflection.  When people come across new information, they have to figure out how and where it fits in or does not fit in with their existing knowledge.  People are active creators of their own knowledge. To do this, they must ask questions, explore, and assess their own knowledge.
  5. 5. CONSTRUCTIVISM IS NOT… And….
  6. 6. AND IS CERTAINLY NOT… Sheldon Teaching Penny Physics
  7. 7. WHAT ARE SOME OF IT’S COMPONENTS?  Construction  Activity  Reflection  Collaboration  Inquiry  Emerging Quality
  8. 8. THE WHO’S WHO OF CONSTRUCTIVISM Early Thinkers
  9. 9. CONFUCIUS “ Learning without reflection is a waste, reflection without learning is dangerous”.
  10. 10. SOCRATES He asked directed questions that led his students to realize for themselves the weaknesses in their thinking.
  11. 11. THE WHO’S WHO OF CONSTRUCTIVISM 20th Century – Big Names
  12. 12. JEAN PIAGET  Swiss-born professor of psychology and sociology,  How does knowledge grow?  Found humans learn through the construction of Progressively complex logical structures, from infancy through to adulthood.  His work is considered the foundation of Constructivism.
  13. 13. JOHN DEWEY  American philosopher and educator  Rejected authoritarian teaching techniques and worked to change pedagogy and curriculum.  Dewey called for education to be grounded in real experience.  Inquiry is a key part of constructivist learning.
  14. 14. THE WHO’S WHO OF CONSTRUCTIVISM 20th Century – Other Thinkers and Contributors (just to name a few!)
  15. 15. MARIA MONTESSORI  First woman to attend medical school in Italy and to achieve Doctor of Medicine.  Through her work with handicapped and socially deprived children, she developed her educational method and found it to be applicable to all children.  She has had an impact on the field of education.  Piaget received Montessori training and even the head of the Swiss Montessori Society and was the director at a modified Montessori school.
  16. 16. LEV VYGOTSKY  A prominent Russian scholar  Founded a psychological laboratory in the Teacher Training Institute.  Vygotsky proposed a theory of cognitive development that emphasized the underlying process of development.  He examined the relationship between the cognitive process and the subject's social activities,  Vygotsky introduced the social aspect of learning into constructivism.
  17. 17. JEROME BRUNER  An American psychologist  Emphasized the student's active role in the learning process.  Asserted that the learner formulates hypotheses, constructs new ideas, and selects information that is integrated into existing knowledge and experience.  Advocates teaching activities that allow students to discover and construct knowledge.
  18. 18. WHAT THE CRITICS SAY: It works with more privileged populations. Leads to "group think”. There is not enough hard evidence that methods aligned with constructivism work.
  19. 19. CLOSING Your lists Beliefs of Constructivism  Questions Thank You
  20. 20. REFERENCES  Tracey, Diane H., and Lesley Mandel Morrow. Lenses on reading: An introduction to theories and models. Guilford Publications, 2012.  http://www.delsolschool.org/  http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/constructivism/ind ex.html  http://www.sedl.org/scimath/compass/v01n03/1.html  Images from Google Images

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