16th c. italian renaissance & mannerism

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16th c. italian renaissance & mannerism

  1. 1. 16 th Century Italian Art High Renaissance and Mannerism
  2. 2. Rome with Renaissance and Baroque Monuments
  3. 3. Who are the Masters? <ul><li>Leonardo da Vinci : superb master of line, pioneer of sfumato , inventor, naturalist, and painter of the soul’s intent . </li></ul><ul><li>Raffaelo Sanzio(a.k.a Raphael): younger master painter who incorporated elements of Leonardo and Michelangelo into his own unique style. </li></ul><ul><li>Michelangelo Buonarroti : master of sculpture, also excellent painter and architect, the man in demand. </li></ul><ul><li>Bramante : major architect who favored classical buildings rejuvenated the central-plan design. </li></ul><ul><li>Venetian masters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bellini, Giorgione, Titian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palladio (architecture) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. High Renaissance <ul><li>Time period between 1495-1520 </li></ul><ul><li>Centers around the work of Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo </li></ul><ul><li>Divinely inspired artist-genius </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Continued use of printmaking </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Arts= fine or liberal art </li></ul><ul><li>Women????? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Leonardo da Vinci <ul><li>A true “Renaissance Man” </li></ul><ul><li>Considered an expert in the fields of painting, sculpture, architecture, as well as engineering, military science, botany, anatomy, geology, aerodynamics and optics </li></ul><ul><li>Left over 10,000 pages of drawings, ideas, sketches and notes </li></ul><ul><li>Considered painting to be the supreme form of art </li></ul>
  6. 6. da Vinci, Vitruvian Man , c. 1492
  7. 7. da Vinci, Virgin of the Rocks , c. 1485
  8. 8. DA VINCI, The Last Supper, c. 1495-1498
  9. 10. Da Vinci, Mona Lisa , c. 1503-1505
  10. 12. RAPHAEL <ul><li>Trained in Umbria by Perugino ( Christ Delivering the Keys the Kingdom to Saint Peter ) </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for paintings of the Madonna and Child </li></ul><ul><li>Young master moved to Rome; influenced by Bramante </li></ul><ul><li>Absorbed elements of the work of Leonardo and Michelangelo to create his own unique style </li></ul><ul><li>Talented, popular, and beloved artist who died young (entombed in the Pantheon) </li></ul>
  11. 13. Raphael Marriage of the Virgin, 1504 The Small Cowper Madonna, 1505
  12. 14. Raphael , Madonna with the Goldfinch , 1505
  13. 15. Madonna in the Meadow , 1505-06 Maddalena Doni, 1506
  14. 16. SCHOOL OF ATHENS, 1509-1511
  15. 25. Stanza Della Segnatura, Vatican, Rome
  16. 26. RAPHAEL Galatea, 1513
  17. 28. Raphael, Baldassare Castiglion , c 1514
  18. 29. Michelangelo, PIETA , 1498-1500
  19. 30. David, 1501-04
  20. 32. Michelangelo, Moses , c. 1513-1515
  21. 33. Sistine Chapel Ceiling, 1508-1512
  22. 35. Creation of Adam detail
  23. 37. Last Judgment , 1534-1541
  24. 39. Sistine Chapel detail at the beginning ( left ) and final stage ( right ) of the restoration process.
  25. 41. Bramante, Tempietto, 1502?
  26. 42. Bramante’s design for St. Peters
  27. 43. St. Peter’s Basilica present day
  28. 45. MICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, Saint Peter’s (looking northeast), Vatican City, Rome, Italy, 1546–1564..
  29. 46. Bramante Michelangelo
  30. 47. Venetian Art <ul><li>Was a Republic like Florence </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy because of trade </li></ul><ul><li>Supported artists and craftspeople </li></ul><ul><li>First artists to use oil paint in Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on light and known for rich color </li></ul><ul><li>Isolated from the Church so subject matter is less religious and often sensuous </li></ul>
  31. 48. ANDREA PALLADIO, Villa Rotonda, near Vicenza, Italy, ca. 1566–1570.
  32. 49. ANDREA PALLADIO, plan of the Villa Rotonda, near Vicenza, Italy, ca. 1550–1570. (1) dome, (2) porch.
  33. 50. Andrea Palladio, San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice , 1565
  34. 51. Alberti vs. Palladio
  35. 52. aerial view of San Giorgio Maggiore
  36. 53. interior of San Giorgio Maggiore
  37. 54. GIOVANNI BELLINI and TITIAN, Feast of the Gods , 1529.
  38. 55. GIORGIONE DA CASTELFRANCO (and/or TITIAN?), Pastoral Symphony , ca. 1508–1510.
  39. 56. Titian, Madonna of the Pesaro , 1519-1526
  40. 57. Titian, Venus of Urbino , 1538
  41. 58. Giorgione, Sleeping Venus , 1510
  42. 59. Tintoretto, Last Supper , 1594
  43. 61. Veronese, Christ in the House of Levi , 1573
  44. 62. Correggio, Assumption of the Virgin , 1526-1530, Parma Cathedral
  45. 64. Mannerism 1520- end of 16 th century <ul><li>Begins w/ death of Raphael in 1520 </li></ul><ul><li>Emerges out of late Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction to rationality, balance and proportion of Renaissance art </li></ul><ul><li>Known for exaggeration and artificial (instead of naturalistic) qualities </li></ul>
  46. 65. Pontormo, Descent from the Cross , 1525-1528
  47. 67. Parmigianino, Madonna with the Long Neck, 1534-1540 Raphael
  48. 68. Correggio, Jupiter and Io , c. 1532
  49. 69. Bronzino, Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time , 1546
  50. 70. Bronzino, Portrait of a Young Man , c. 1530’s
  51. 71. Raphael, Baldassare Castiglione c. 1514 Bronzino, Portrait of a Young Man , c.1530’s
  52. 72. Bronzino , Portrait of Eleanor of Toledo
  53. 73. Giuseppe Arcimboldo, c. 1540 Summer Spring
  54. 74. Quinten Matsys, Grotesque Old Woman , c. 1525
  55. 75. Leonardo DaVinci
  56. 76. Giovanni da Bologna, Abduction of the Sabine Women, 1583

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