Present Perfect
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Present Perfect Present Perfect Presentation Transcript

  • Present Perfect Tense The spring has already arrived
  • Present Perfect Tense
    • FORM: have / has + past participle
    • Affirmative : I have seen the film before.
    • She has seen the film before.
    • Interrogative : Have you seen the film before?
    • Has she seen the film before?
    • Negative : They have n’t seen the film before.
    • He has n’t seen the film before.
    • 1- Recent events : It is used to describe recent events without a definite time . We use just in positive sentences to say that something happened very recently.
    Present Perfect Tense Uses of the present perfect Why are they so happy? They have just won a prize so they are really pleased.
  • Present Perfect Tense
    • 2- Personal experiences : It is used to express personal experiences, there is not a definite time given. The time expressions ever and never are very often used with this meaning
    Have you ever been to Japan? No, I’ve never been there.
  • Present Perfect Tense
    • 3- It is used to express actions which started in the past and are still continuing in the present , the time period is not finished.
    I have lost my keys. (And I haven’t found them yet.)
  • Present Perfect Tense
    • We often use the present perfect tense with already and yet .
    Already : Something happened before now or earlier than expected You can use already in positive sentences . Put already before the main verb. Yet : Until now. You can use yet in negative sentences and questions . Yet is usually at the end . Example : A) Have you done your homework yet? B) No, I haven’t done it yet. / Yes, I’ve already done it.
  • Note the difference
    • They have gone to the cinema . (This means that they haven’t come back yet. They are still at the cinema.)
    • She has been to London . (This means that she has visited London; she’s not there now. She’s come back.)
  • Contrast between Present Perfect and Past Simple
    • We use definite expressions with the Past simple tense: yesterday, last week, … ago, etc, while we don’t use definite time expressions with the Present perfect tense.
    • I have been to France three times.
    • When did you go there?
    • I went there last Summer.
    • Look at this conversation:
    • A: Have you ever been to the USA?
    • B: Yes, I have.
    • A: When did you go there?
    • B: I went to New York in 1996.
    • Now ask and answer questions as in the example:
    • plant a tree (Where)
    • meet a politician (Who)
    • travel by boat (When)
  • Present Perfect + Superlatives
    • We often use a superlative with the present perfect.
    That is the smallest house I have ever seen .
    • Make sentences as in the example.
    • It / noisy city / I be to
    • He / interesting person / meet
    • It / bad book / I / read