Present Perfect

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Present Perfect

  1. 1. Present Perfect Tense The spring has already arrived
  2. 2. Present Perfect Tense <ul><li>FORM: have / has + past participle </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative : I have seen the film before. </li></ul><ul><li>She has seen the film before. </li></ul><ul><li>Interrogative : Have you seen the film before? </li></ul><ul><li>Has she seen the film before? </li></ul><ul><li>Negative : They have n’t seen the film before. </li></ul><ul><li>He has n’t seen the film before. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>1- Recent events : It is used to describe recent events without a definite time . We use just in positive sentences to say that something happened very recently. </li></ul>Present Perfect Tense Uses of the present perfect Why are they so happy? They have just won a prize so they are really pleased.
  4. 4. Present Perfect Tense <ul><li>2- Personal experiences : It is used to express personal experiences, there is not a definite time given. The time expressions ever and never are very often used with this meaning </li></ul>Have you ever been to Japan? No, I’ve never been there.
  5. 5. Present Perfect Tense <ul><li>3- It is used to express actions which started in the past and are still continuing in the present , the time period is not finished. </li></ul>I have lost my keys. (And I haven’t found them yet.)
  6. 6. Present Perfect Tense <ul><li>We often use the present perfect tense with already and yet . </li></ul>Already : Something happened before now or earlier than expected You can use already in positive sentences . Put already before the main verb. Yet : Until now. You can use yet in negative sentences and questions . Yet is usually at the end . Example : A) Have you done your homework yet? B) No, I haven’t done it yet. / Yes, I’ve already done it.
  7. 7. Note the difference <ul><li>They have gone to the cinema . (This means that they haven’t come back yet. They are still at the cinema.) </li></ul><ul><li>She has been to London . (This means that she has visited London; she’s not there now. She’s come back.) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Contrast between Present Perfect and Past Simple <ul><li>We use definite expressions with the Past simple tense: yesterday, last week, … ago, etc, while we don’t use definite time expressions with the Present perfect tense. </li></ul><ul><li>I have been to France three times. </li></ul><ul><li>When did you go there? </li></ul><ul><li>I went there last Summer. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Look at this conversation: </li></ul><ul><li>A: Have you ever been to the USA? </li></ul><ul><li>B: Yes, I have. </li></ul><ul><li>A: When did you go there? </li></ul><ul><li>B: I went to New York in 1996. </li></ul><ul><li>Now ask and answer questions as in the example: </li></ul><ul><li>plant a tree (Where) </li></ul><ul><li>meet a politician (Who) </li></ul><ul><li>travel by boat (When) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Present Perfect + Superlatives <ul><li>We often use a superlative with the present perfect. </li></ul>That is the smallest house I have ever seen . <ul><li>Make sentences as in the example. </li></ul><ul><li>It / noisy city / I be to </li></ul><ul><li>He / interesting person / meet </li></ul><ul><li>It / bad book / I / read </li></ul>

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