Articles and quantifiers

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Articles and quantifiers

  1. 1. ARTICLES QUANTIFIERS
  2. 2. A / An / The <ul><li>a = indefinite article (not a specific object, one of a number of the same objects) with consonants She has a dog. I work in a factory. </li></ul><ul><li>an = indefinite article (not a specific object, one of a number of the same objects) with vowels (a,e,i,o,u) Can I have an apple? She is an English teacher. </li></ul>
  3. 3. A / An / The <ul><li>the = definite article (a specific object that both the person speaking and the listener know) The car over there is fast. The teacher is very good, isn't he? </li></ul>
  4. 4. A / An / The <ul><li>The first time you speak of something use &quot;a or an&quot;, the next time you repeat that object use &quot;the&quot;.  </li></ul><ul><li>I live in a house. The house is quite old and has four bedrooms. I ate in a Chinese restaurant. The restaurant was very good. </li></ul>
  5. 5. A / An / The <ul><li>DO NOT use an article with countries, states, counties or provinces, lakes and mountains except when the country is a collection of states such as &quot;The United States&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>He lives in Washington near Mount Rainier. They live in northern British Columbia. </li></ul>
  6. 6. A / An / The <ul><li>Use an article with bodies of water, oceans and seas -  My country borders on the Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT use an article when you are speaking about things in general  I like Russian tea. She likes reading books. </li></ul>
  7. 7. A / An / The <ul><li>DO NOT use an article when you are speaking about activities, meals, places, transport, days, months, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>I go shopping twice a month. </li></ul><ul><li>He has breakfast at home. I go to university. He comes to work by taxi. </li></ul><ul><li>I go to the gym on Tuesdays and Thursdays. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Any / Some <ul><li>Use &quot;some&quot; in positive sentences. We use some for both countable and uncountable nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: I have some friends. </li></ul><ul><li>Use &quot;any&quot; in negative sentences or questions. We use any for both countable and uncountable nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Do you have any cheese? - He doesn't have any friends in Chicago. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Any / Some <ul><li>Use &quot;some&quot; in questions when offering or requesting something that is there. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Would you like some bread? (offer) - Could I have some water? (request) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Any / Some <ul><li>Use &quot;some&quot; words - somebody, someone, somewhere and something - in positive sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: He lives somewhere near here. </li></ul><ul><li>Use &quot;any&quot; words - anybody, anyone, anywhere and anything - in negative sentences or questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Do you know anything about that boy? - She doesn't have anywhere to go. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Quantifiers for Countable Nouns Quantifiers for Uncountable Nouns Many (A) few Much (A) little Quantifiers for Both Countable & Uncountable Nouns A lot of / lots of some plenty of QUANTIFIERS
  12. 12. Little / Few <ul><li>Little and Few imply negative ideas. Little means not much and it is used with uncountable nouns. Few means not many and it is used with countable nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>There is little time, hurry up! </li></ul><ul><li>They are quite poor, they have got very little money. </li></ul><ul><li>There are few people in the street because everybody is watching the football match. </li></ul>
  13. 13. A little / A few <ul><li>A little and A few are more positive ideas. A little means some and it is used with uncountable nouns. A few also means some and it is used with countable nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Don't worry, we have a little time. (This means they have some time.) </li></ul><ul><li>I have got a few friends in Seville to visit next weekend. (This means I have some friends.) </li></ul>

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