Jean Piaget Father of PSYCHOLOGY Began at age 11 -paper on albino sparrow Wrote 60 books and over 100 articles His last 60 years - research on mental development. Brought forth the theory of how intelligence works
Jean Piaget Thought of as a child psychologist and educator Prefers to be called genetic epistemologist Contributed in field of computer science and AI; were used to develop LOGO Most important contribution: Theory of Cognitive Development
"The principle goal of education in the schools should be creating men and women who are capable of doing new things, not simply repeating what other generations have done.” – Jean Piaget
Theory of cognitive development JEAN PIAGET
Theory of Cognitive Development humans cannot be "given" information; must “construct” own knowledge Build knowledge through EXPERIENCE Schema - mental models - made sophisticated through assimilation and accommodation
FOUR STAGES JEAN PIAGET
The Sensorimotor Stage (Birth to 2 years old) behavior is primarily sensory and motor recognizes self as agent of action and begins to act intentionally achieves object permanence
The Preoperational Stage (ages 2 to 4)
need of concrete physical situations
objects classified in simple ways especially by important features.
thinking is still egocentric
The Concrete Operational Stage (ages 7 to 11)
As physical experience accumulates, accommodation is increased
Can think logically about objects and events
Achieves conservation of number (age 6), mass (age 7), and weight (age 9)
Classifies objects according to several features such as size.
The Formal Operational Stage (ages 11 to 15)
Cognition reaches its final form
capable of deductive and hypothetical reasoning
Can think logically about abstract propositions and test hypotheses systematically.
Becomes concerned with the hypothetical, the future, and ideological problems.
Key Piagetian principles JEAN PIAGET
Learning is an active process
Learning is an active process How is information presented?
Learning should be whole, authentic and “real”
Learning should be whole, authentic, and "real" How is meaning constructed?