Erik Erikson 1902-1994 By: McKel Baker, Tony Bradshaw, and Alex Copple
Background Born in Germany 1902 Name was Erik Homberger Graduated High school Teacher Married Joan Serson Harvard, Yale, University of California at Berkley, clinic in Massachusetts Changed his name to Erik Erickson Wrote Childhood and Society Retired in 1970 Died in 1994
Influences Influences: Sigmund Freud Anna Freud (daughter of Sigmund Freud) Psychologists: Henry Murray Kurt Lewin Anthropologists : Gregory Bateson Margaret Mead Ruth Benedict
Psychosocial Development Stages Stage One – Trust vs. Mistrust Stage Two – Autonomy vs. Doubt Stage Three – Initiative vs. Guilt Stage Four – Industry vs. Inferiority
Stages continued Stage Five- Identity vs. Role Confusion Stage Six- Intimacy vs. Isolation Stage Seven- Generativity vs. Self Absorption Stage Eight- Integrity vs. Despair
Critique Stage Approach (Piaget, Sigmund and Anna Freud) Most theorists prefer an incremental approach Same Stages completed in a different age range How does one progress from one stage to another? Why does one progress to the next stage?
Classroom Applications Stages IV and V when school has greatest influence Teaching Tips (stage IV) teachers must care (set them up to succeed) Students are dedicated to the rules Teaching Tips (stage V) Aid Students to answer the question: “Who am I?” Define what success means for the individual Be a role model and guide their identity finding Rites of passage
References Educational Psychology by Robert Slavin http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/erikson.html Pictures: www.ericberne.com www.mc.maricopa.edu www.germanoriginality.com www.malaspina.com www.colby.edu deathpower.worpress.com sdcc13.ucsd.edu www.ubishops.ca www.historycentral.com www.flickr.com