Relative Clauses

14,316 views

Published on

Published in: Travel, Education
1 Comment
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Slideshare.net is very helpful for me.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
14,316
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
527
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
213
Comments
1
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Relative Clauses

  1. 1. RELATIVE CLAUSES
  2. 2. STRUCTURE <ul><li>People who work hard have got a successful life </li></ul><ul><li>[Principal (relative clause) clause] </li></ul><ul><li>In many of the cases, the relative pronoun works as the subject of the relative clause. In these cases we CAN’T omit the relative pronoun! </li></ul><ul><li>She is the girl who went to the cinema </li></ul><ul><li>In other cases, the pronoun works as the object of the relative clause, then we CAN omit the relative pronoun! </li></ul><ul><li>She is the girl who you want to meet </li></ul>
  3. 3. TYPES OF RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>DEFINING </li></ul><ul><li>It was my mum who called </li></ul><ul><li>NON-DEFINING </li></ul><ul><li>Barcelona, where I studied, is a very popular city. </li></ul>
  4. 4. DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>Essential information </li></ul><ul><li>The sentence won’t be complete without them </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>This is the new car that I’ve just bought . </li></ul><ul><li>United States is the country where guns are allowed . </li></ul><ul><li>She is the woman whose handbag I found there ! </li></ul>
  5. 5. TYPES OF RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>DEFINING </li></ul><ul><li>It was my mum who called </li></ul><ul><li>NON-DEFINING </li></ul><ul><li>Barcelona, where I studied, is a very popular city. </li></ul>
  6. 6. NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><li>Extra information </li></ul><ul><li>The principal sentence keeps the meaning if we omit them. </li></ul><ul><li>They go between commas </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>My teacher, who studied with my father , is not going to come today. </li></ul><ul><li>Sabadell, where I was born , is a city near Barcelona. </li></ul><ul><li>She, who is Canadian , works as a lawyer. </li></ul>
  7. 7. RELATIVE PRONOUNS <ul><li>Who (can be substituted by THAT in DC) </li></ul><ul><li>Which (can be substituted by THAT in DC) </li></ul><ul><li>Where (no omission, no substitution by THAT) </li></ul><ul><li>When (can be susbtituted by THAT in DC) </li></ul><ul><li>Whose (no omission, no substitution by THAT) </li></ul><ul><li>Why (no omission, no substitution by THAT) </li></ul><ul><li>Whom (in formal structures) </li></ul>
  8. 8. FORMAL AND INFORMAL STRUCTURE <ul><li>If the verb in the relative clause is followed by a preposition ON, TO, FOR, WITH, then… </li></ul><ul><li>there are 2 ways to form a relative clause: </li></ul>
  9. 9. FORMAL <ul><li>The woman to whom I talked was very nice. </li></ul><ul><li>She is the woman for whom they have been looking. </li></ul><ul><li>- The preposition becomes before the relative pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>- We use the relative pronoun WHOM instead of WHO </li></ul>
  10. 10. INFORMAL <ul><li>The woman (WHO) I talked to was very nice. </li></ul><ul><li>She is a very nice woman (WHO) you can trust in </li></ul><ul><li>The preposition comes after the verb. </li></ul>

×