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Gerunds And Infinitives
 

Gerunds And Infinitives

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    Gerunds And Infinitives Gerunds And Infinitives Presentation Transcript

    • GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES
    • Base form Vs Gerund Vs Infinitive
      • Base Form: Infinitive without TO
      • SHARE
      • Infinitive: always with TO
      • TO SHARE
      • Gerund: Base form+ING
        • SHARING
    • BASE FORM
      • After some perception verbs such as HEAR, FEEL or SEE and the verbs LET and MAKE:
      I saw you leave home. My parents don’t let me stay out late
    • GERUNDS
      • As a subject of a sentence:
      • After prepositions:
      Smoking kills. I thought of calling you, but it was late. After having lunch, they go to school.
    • GERUNDS
      • As a Direct Object of certain verbs:
      • After certain expressions:
      Continue Miss Enjoy Prefer Finish Recommend Like/dislike Suggest Love/hate Can’t help Look forward to Can’t stand Spend (time) Feel like Don’t mind It’s no use Would mind Be/Get used to
    • INFINITIVES
      • As a subject of a sentence (when we talk about a specific fact)
      • After some verbs:
      To smoke now would be rude. Agree Learn Appear/seem Manage Choose Plan Decide Promise Expect Refuse Hope Want/wish
    • INFINITIVES
      • After certain adjectives and adverbs:
      • After Indirect Object of certain verbs:
      Busy Happy Ready Tired Slowly Fast Low High Advise Teach Invite Persuade Tell Warn
    • VERBS FOLLOWED BY BOTH
      • Without change in meaning:
      • With change in meaning:
      Begin Propose Forbid Intend Start Stop Remeber Forget Regret
    • STOP
      • STOP + GERUND:
      • To leave an habit
      • STOP + INFINITIVE:
      • To interrupt an action for doing something else
      You should stop smoking, it will kill you! Let’s stop here to have a drink!
    • REMEMBER
      • REMEMBER + GERUND:
      • It refers to something done in the past
      • REMEMBER + INFINITIVE:
      • It refers to the future. We use it when we want to say sth immportant to somenone.
      I don’t remeber locking the door! You should remember to call Mr Jones to put off the meeting.
    • REGRET
      • REGRET + GERUND:
      • To regret something from the past.
      • REGRET + INFINITIVE:
      • To make bad news public.
      She regrets breaking up with him. I regret to tell you that we don’t have any vacancy to be filled.
    • FORGET
      • FORGET + GERUND:
      • To express that we’ve forgotten something which was done in the past.
      • FORGET + INFINITIVE:
      • To forget doing something.
      I forgot talking to you! (you talked, but you don’t remember) I forgot to call you on your birthday. (you didn’t call, so you didn’t remember)