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Famines in history
Famines in history
Famines in history
Famines in history
Famines in history
Famines in history
Famines in history
Famines in history
Famines in history
Famines in history
Famines in history
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Famines in history

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  • 1. Famines inHistoryBy Laura Faber
  • 2. What is a Famine? Extreme scarcity or shortage of food
  • 3. The Great  Worst on RecordChinese Famine  Lasted 3 years  1958-1961  Statistics of deaths are disputed  Between 15-43 million people were killed including lost births  One of the least understood events in human history  Came at a time when China thought it was ending its famine cycle
  • 4. Chinese Famine  Second worst inof 1907 history  Brief but deadly  24 million people were killed  In a matter of months  Could be first-worse since it exceeds the lowest reported death toll from the Great Chinese Famine
  • 5.  Lasted 6 yearsIndian Famine  Between 1896-1902  Worstfamine in Indian history  Considered the most disastrous famine of that time  19 million people killed  Caused by  Shortage of food grans  Escalating prices
  • 6.  Lasted 5 yearsBengal Famine of  1769-17731770  Famine was blamed on the British East India Company’s rule  For greedy principals  Caused about 10 million deaths  About 1/3 of the population  Affected the lower portion of India
  • 7.  Believed to have been caused by theRussian Famine of hard times during1921 World War I  Between 5 – 10 million deaths
  • 8.  Also known as theGreat Irish Famine Irish Potato Famine  Took place between 1845-1852  Caused by potato disease that destroyed crops  One million people died  Another million emigrated
  • 9.  Food Scarcity causes  Increased food prices  Decrease in consumption of other goods & services  Increase in unemployment  Decrease in income  Decrease in government income Government makes decision  Increase aid to starving  Remove tariffs on foreign goods
  • 10. Famine Myths Actual Causes  Not enough food  Not a result of a singular cause  Too many people  Long series of social, political and  Bad weather economic processes and policies“It’s not the rains, it’s the rulers. … droughthas not been as devastating to Ethiopians astheir own autocratic governments.” – Bill
  • 11. Works CitedBird, D. [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://www.ranker.com/list/the-worst-droughts-and-famines-i n-history/drake-birdChang, G. H., & Wen, G. J. (1997). Communal dining and the Chinese Famine of 1958-1961. Chicago Journals, 61(1), 1. Retrieved fromhttp://www.jstor.org/discover/10.1086/452319?uid=37396 40&ui d=2&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101117304371Charles M, E. (1977). The politics of hunger: The soviet response to famine, 1921. Europe-Asia Studies, 29(4), 506. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0966813770841 1152Ktepi, B. (n.d.). Chinese famine (1907). Retrieved from http://sageereference.com/abstract/disasterrelief/n31.xmlMurphy. (2005, August 19). Underlying causes of famine. Retrieved from http://blogcritics.org/politics/article/underlying-causes-of- famine/The History Place. Irish potato famine. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/famine/begins. htm

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