Famines in history
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Famines in history Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Famines inHistoryBy Laura Faber
  • 2. What is a Famine? Extreme scarcity or shortage of food
  • 3. The Great  Worst on RecordChinese Famine  Lasted 3 years  1958-1961  Statistics of deaths are disputed  Between 15-43 million people were killed including lost births  One of the least understood events in human history  Came at a time when China thought it was ending its famine cycle
  • 4. Chinese Famine  Second worst inof 1907 history  Brief but deadly  24 million people were killed  In a matter of months  Could be first-worse since it exceeds the lowest reported death toll from the Great Chinese Famine
  • 5.  Lasted 6 yearsIndian Famine  Between 1896-1902  Worstfamine in Indian history  Considered the most disastrous famine of that time  19 million people killed  Caused by  Shortage of food grans  Escalating prices
  • 6.  Lasted 5 yearsBengal Famine of  1769-17731770  Famine was blamed on the British East India Company’s rule  For greedy principals  Caused about 10 million deaths  About 1/3 of the population  Affected the lower portion of India
  • 7.  Believed to have been caused by theRussian Famine of hard times during1921 World War I  Between 5 – 10 million deaths
  • 8.  Also known as theGreat Irish Famine Irish Potato Famine  Took place between 1845-1852  Caused by potato disease that destroyed crops  One million people died  Another million emigrated
  • 9.  Food Scarcity causes  Increased food prices  Decrease in consumption of other goods & services  Increase in unemployment  Decrease in income  Decrease in government income Government makes decision  Increase aid to starving  Remove tariffs on foreign goods
  • 10. Famine Myths Actual Causes  Not enough food  Not a result of a singular cause  Too many people  Long series of social, political and  Bad weather economic processes and policies“It’s not the rains, it’s the rulers. … droughthas not been as devastating to Ethiopians astheir own autocratic governments.” – Bill
  • 11. Works CitedBird, D. [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://www.ranker.com/list/the-worst-droughts-and-famines-i n-history/drake-birdChang, G. H., & Wen, G. J. (1997). Communal dining and the Chinese Famine of 1958-1961. Chicago Journals, 61(1), 1. Retrieved fromhttp://www.jstor.org/discover/10.1086/452319?uid=37396 40&ui d=2&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101117304371Charles M, E. (1977). The politics of hunger: The soviet response to famine, 1921. Europe-Asia Studies, 29(4), 506. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0966813770841 1152Ktepi, B. (n.d.). Chinese famine (1907). Retrieved from http://sageereference.com/abstract/disasterrelief/n31.xmlMurphy. (2005, August 19). Underlying causes of famine. Retrieved from http://blogcritics.org/politics/article/underlying-causes-of- famine/The History Place. Irish potato famine. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/famine/begins. htm