Sacred Heart Spelling WorkshopPhonemic Awareness Program 22nd March 2012
Why? NAPLAN results – Whole school approach needed Feedback and observations from Emma and Cassie – referrals Observations and concerns from upper primary teachers
Background information about spelling Importance of Oral Language development in pre school years “Reading and writing float on a sea of talk” James Britton Spelling is a strategy for writing When we spell we draw on our knowledge of phonics and phonemic awareness
Phonics: Refers to the relationships between letters and sounds, or between letter patterns and sound patterns (Emmitt & Hornsby, 1996).Phonemic Awareness: Relates specifically to the working knowledge of the individual phonemes that form the words of Australian English. Incorporates the ability to segment words into their component sounds.
Strategies used to spell Sound out the phonemes Memorisation Looks right Sounds right – as it articulates Syllables Analogy Mnemonics Rule or pattern Context Etymology- origin of words Dictionary/ thesaurus/ resource /ask a friend
Spelling KnowledgeStrategiesPhonemic- segmenting sounds / Visual – how words lookarticulating Morphemic – meaning Etymological – origin ofbased words
Sound Waves Uses a sound to letter strategy – acknowledges sounds can be represented in different ways Example – f, ff, ph Firstly focus on the basic units of sound and then the letters that represent them Segmenting for writing – s/o/ck/s Blending for reading
Sound Waves The idea is that children will be better equipped to ‘have a go’ at spelling because they will be aware of the many different options for each sound as presented on the Sound Waves charts. Kindergarten - Jolly Phonics Program which teaches the most common sounds and options before beginning Sound Waves in Year 1
How we use Sound Waves Whole school scope and sequence – focus sound of the week Lessons over the week • Introduce sound and brainstorm • Singing/chant • Large posters with sounds and options – reading and writing • Segmenting list words – word strips Year 1 Blog - http://year1od.blogspot.com.au/ Year 5 online - ....Yr 5Year 5Yr 5 2012LiteracyLiteracySpellingUnit 8 f ff phlist words segmenting.pdf
How we use Sound Waves • Sound Waves Online http://tlc.fireflyeducation.com.au/program/soundwaves5/units • Flipchart activities ..Spelling Flipcharts 2012Year 1Spelling Unit 8 f ff.flipchart ..Spelling Flipcharts 2012Year 5Year 5 Unit 8 f fish.flp • Other spelling strategies and grammar activities • prefixes, suffixes, root words, word beginnings and endings, rhyme, word families, tense • Student workbook - homework • Extension words and challenge activities • Review and discuss Have a go at spelling your name!
Learning Support Children are supported in small groups with similar needs (6 max) Focus on the most commonly used sounds for longer to ensure these are secure Multi sensory activities Links with real reading and writing activities Good communication with home so skills can be practised Referral to specialist therapist if problems persist eg Speech Pathologist, Occupational Therapist