Fcs 340 presenation
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Fcs 340 presenation

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Fcs 340 presenation Fcs 340 presenation Presentation Transcript

  • Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)
  • Pediculosis
  • Pediculosis (Crabs)
    Animal parasite found in pubic hair of men and women
    Also, found on hair on chest, arms and face
    Do not live in scalp hair
  • Symptoms
    Itching
    Tiny dark brown spots on the skin or undergarments where they come in contact wth the affected area.
  • How Pediculosis is Spread
    Bodily contact w/ a person who has crabs
    Towels, clothing, bed sheets and toilet seats
    Adult lice can live up to ten days, while eggs (nits)live no longer than one month in clothing or bedding
  • Treatment
    Shampoo or lotion for pubic lice
    KWELL & RID
    Remaining Nits can be removed with a fine tooth comb.
  • Herpes
  • Herpes
    A sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2). Most genital herpes is caused by HSV-2. Most individuals have no or only minimal signs or symptoms from HSV-1 or HSV-2 infection.
  • How common is it?
    Genital HSV-2 infection is more common in women (approximately one out of five women 14 to 49 years of age) than in men (about one out of nine men 14 to 49 years of age).
    Genital herpes infection is common in the United States. Nationwide, 16.2%, or about one out of six, people 14 to 49 years of age have genital HSV-2 infection.
  • How does one get herpes?
    • A person can only get HSV-2 infection during sexual contact with someone who has a genital HSV-2 infection.
    • Transmission can occur from an infected partner who does not have a visible sore and may not know that he or she is infected.
    HSV-1 can cause genital herpes, but it more commonly causes infections of the mouth and lips, so-called “fever blisters.” HSV-1 infection of the genitals can be caused by oral-genital or genital-genital contact with a person who has HSV-1 infection.
  • Symptoms
    The first outbreak usually occurs within two weeks after the virus is transmitted, and the sores typically heal within two to four weeks.
    Other signs and symptoms during the primary episode may include a second crop of sores.
    flu-like symptoms, including fever and swollen glands.
  • Treatment
    There is no treatment that can cure herpes, but antiviral medications can shorten and prevent outbreaks during the period of time the person takes the medication.
  • Prevention
    Abstain from sexual contact, or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and is known to be uninfected.
  • HIV
    • HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) recognized in the United States in 1981.
  • HIV transmission
    It can be spread by having vaginal, anal, oral sex or blood transfusions.
    Your partner could have HIV and not know it.
    A mother who has HIV can pass it on to her baby before the baby is born, during childbirth, or through her breast milk.
  • HIV Symptoms
    Rapid weight loss
    Fever
    Diarrhea
    Night sweats
    Feeling very tired
    Thrush (yeast infection of the mouth)
    Vaginal yeast infections (that often keep coming back after you have been treated).
  • Treatment & Prevention
    • HIV can't be cured!!!
    Abstain from sex or delay first sex
    Be faithful to one partner or have fewer partners
    Condomise, which means using male condoms or female condoms consistently and correctly
    • Your doctor will make a treatment plan just for you.
    • You may need special medicines.
    • Tell your partner(s) that you have HIV.
  • AIDS
    AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is an infection disease caused by the virus (HIV).
    No CURE
  • True or False
    There is a cure for AIDS & HIV?
    (False)
  • How does AIDS spread?
    Exchange of bodily fluids:
    *Semen
    *Vaginal fluid
    *Blood
    *Other bodily fluids containing blood (for example, menses, bloody saliva)
    *Breast milk.
  • Symptoms
    Cough and shortness of breath
    Difficult or painful swallowing
    Mental symptoms such as confusion and forgetfulness
    Severe and persistent diarrhea
    Fever
    • Vision loss
    • Weight loss and extreme fatigue
    • Severe headaches with neck stiffness
  • Treatment and Prevention
    Having protected sexual intercourse (using condoms).
    Do not share needles
    Educate
    Get involved
    Blood transfusions
  • Gonorrhea
    NeisseriaGonorrhoeae
    “The Clap”
  • Gonorrhea
    A bacterial infection caused by Neisseria Gonorrhoeae that grows in warm and moist areas
    Such areas are cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, urethra, mouth, throat, eyes and anus.
    Creates a white discharge and inflammation of tissues.
  • Symptoms
    Can be seen between 2-5 days, but in men up to a month
    Burning and pain during urination
    Colorful or white discharge from infected areas
    Increased urination frequency
  • Illnesses
    Can lead to sterility
    Urinary tract infection
    Kidney failure
    Painful intercourse
    Meningitis
    Disseminated infections
  • How is it spread
    Spread by contact penis, vagina, mouth or anus.
    To babies from an infected mother
  • How is it spread
    Spread by contact penis, vagina, mouth or anus.
    To babies from an infected mother
  • Treatment
    A single shot of ceftriaxone (Rocephin) 125 mg or a single dose of
    Cefixime 400 mg taken by mouth are currently the recommended
    Antibiotic treatment
    Azithromycin (Zithromax) 2g in a single dose may be used for
    people who have severe allergic reactions to ceftriaxone, cefixime,
    or penicillin.
    Penicillin used to be the standard treatment, but it is not used any
    longer because it does not cure gonorrhea all the time. The CDC
    also Recommendeds against using a class of antibiotics called
    Fluoroquinolone (ciprofloxacin,ofloxacin, or levofloxacin).
  • Hepatitis
  • Hepatitis
    An inflammatory disease in the liver created by inflammatory cells in the tissues of the organ
    It can be self healing over time, or can lead to fibrosis and cirrhosis.
    There are 4 types of hepatitis, each one being worse case than the previous. Usually described by ascending order of A, B, C and D
  • Symptoms
    Unfortunetly symptoms for hepatitis is not very easy to see as it includes flu, nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite and weight loss.
    The most common and easiest way is Jaundice, the yellowing of the white area of the eyes or darker urine.
  • Illneses
    Over time 80% of infected people will develop liver cirrhosis, fibrosis even cancer.
  • How is it spread
    Can be spread through unprotected sex
    Sharing of contaminated and non-sterilized needles or objects dealing with bodily fluids
    Infected mothers pass onto children
  • Treatment and Prevention
    Vaccines exist A and B but not C, E is underdevelopment and testing.
    To prevent spreading use sterile equipment for tattoos, or even sterile equipment for cocaine snorting.
    If infected, prevent alcohol consumption since it will create more damage to the liver.