Wickramaarachchi_N_Regional cities: The place to be?

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Beyond the Edge: Australia's First National Peri-urban Conference
La Trobe University
October 2013

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
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Wickramaarachchi_N_Regional cities: The place to be?

  1. 1. Regional skilled migrants’ living experiences in the City of Greater Bendigo Naduni Wickramaarachchi La Trobe University
  2. 2.   Need of regional skilled immigration policies? -Release population pressure in Metropolitan areas -Support regional and rural development Victorian Policy Frame Work
  3. 3. - There is only limited number of research in Australian context in relation to regional skilled immigrants’ living experience - Bulk of research in Australia is based on metropolitan areas - Most of the studies explored the factors that influence them to move back to metropolitan areas - Less is known about regional immigrants’ living experiences in a regional city - Past studies have pointed out the need of doing research on regional immigrants’ settlement experiences ( Hugo,2008; Hugo, Kahoo & Mcdonald 2006; Missingham, Dibden, & Cockin,2006; Townsend, Pascal & Delves,2013; Wulff & Dharmalingam, 2008)
  4. 4.    Research into the way that ethnically diverse societies built trust , social capital and social cohesion Two different perspectives : - Diversity fosters interethnic tolerance and social solidarity - Diversity erodes social capital Australian context Positive relation in regional areas (Townsend et al.,2013; Carrington & Marshall,2008) Low level of social cohesion, integration in Metropolitan area (Healy, 2007; Lobo,2009)
  5. 5.  Method – Qualitative method In depth interviews  Sample – Snow ball sampling method Participants- Asian regional skilled migrants   Study location – The City of Greater Bendigo Limitations - Proportion may be imbalance to larger skilled immigrants population in the City of Greater Bendigo - Cannot be generalized to whole regional and rural areas of Australia
  6. 6.  Positive experiences - Limited number of multicultural population - Calm and quiet living - Affordability and convenience Negative experiences - Limited number of job opportunities - Education facilities - Feelings of unfairness
  7. 7.      Positive encouragement for regional cities to retain immigrants Need of economic development in regional areas Education facilities Low level of trust and low level of social capital in a more ethnically diverse society Separation between the skilled immigrants and humanitarian migrants
  8. 8. Sustainability of regional immigration program and the development of regional areas ◦ Strong economic growth ◦ Education facilities ◦ Social network building – locals, skilled immigrants and humanitarian migrants ◦ Facilities to enjoy their cultural events

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