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Beyond the Edge: Australia's First National Peri-Urban Conference

Beyond the Edge: Australia's First National Peri-Urban Conference
La Trobe University
Oct 2013

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    Sinclair_I_Growing food in a residential landscape Sinclair_I_Growing food in a residential landscape Presentation Transcript

    • Growing Food in a Residential Landscape Presentation to Beyond the Edge: Australia's First Peri-Urban Conference Melbourne 1 October 2013 Ian Sinclair PhD Candidate University of Sydney & Principal Consultant Rural and Environmental Planning Consultants © Edge Land Planning. All photos and text are Copyright
    • Food is Important! Necessity of life Planning for food security has not been high on the agenda of planners or Governments Priority has been given to water, housing, environmental awareness and social issues Planning for the land that grows the food has been mostly ignored Food producing land has not been a high constraint when expanding urban areas Need to grow food on the fringe as well as in the city
    • Australian Food Systems & Location  Organic & non-organic  Intensive Perishable vegetables, lot fed animals (chicken, pork, beef & lamb) Aquaculture  Extensive Cereal crops & fodder crops, Grazing animals Sea caught fish  Different land, water & nutrient needs  A lot of intensive agriculture is grown on fringe metro and high growth areas
    • Australia’s Food Production Inland areas – Murray Darling Basin, South Australia & Western Australia  Grain, Fibre, Vegetables, Vineyards, Orchards, etc  Sheep, Cattle, Pigs & some Poultry Metropolitan Fringe Perishable Vegetables, Vineyards, Poultry, specialised niche agriculture Murray Darling Basin is one of the food bowls, not the food bowl of Australia The fringe is a significant food producing area
    • Perishable Vegetables State Production Grown on Fringe 0% 20% 40% % of State Total 60% ABS Stastical Division Sydney 80% 71% Melbourne 78.4% Brisbane & Coastal Queensland 100.0% Adelaide 77.7% Perth Hobart 100% 44.1% 26.5% Australia 77.4% Trend is the same with the 2005-06 & 2010 – 11 Agricultural Census Darwin & NT are not high in Perishable vegetable production Source: ABS Agricultural Commodities 2008-09 120%
    • Agriculture on the Fringe  Sydney Fringe $749.2m  Intensive Plants  6.4% of NSW’s Value of Production from 0.2% of land  Melbourne Fringe $1,195.8m  12.6% of Victoria’s value of production from 2% of land  Brisbane Fringe $1,206.3m Market Gardening  Hydroponics  Nurseries  Flowers  Turf  Vineyards  Intensive Animals  Poultry  Aquaculture  Niche animals  Extensive Agriculture  13% of Queensland value  Part time grazing of Production from 1.3% of land Queensland, NSW & Victoria have Source: ABS Agricultural Census 2011 78.7% of Australia’s Population and growing at 1.6% p.a.
    • Western Sydney Land Use 2003 Commercial 1.8% Vacant Cleared 4.9% Extensive Agriculture 2.9% Extractive Industry Intensive 0.9% Animals 0.8% Intensive Plants 6.8% Public Uses 3.6% Rural Residential 78.3%
    • Western Sydney Fragmentation 60.0% 50.0% % of Total 40.0% 30.0% 20.0% 10.0% 0.0% < 0.8 ha 0.81 to 3 3.01 to 8 8.01 to 18 18.01 to 38 Lot Size Range 38.01 to 42 42.01 +
    • Fringe Demography  Initial research for PhD  Looking at Rural Residential development and its impact  ABS Census 2011  Community Profiles  Urban Areas and LGA Files  Will do it at the SA1 / CD level
    • Sydney Fringe Demography Hawkesbury Wollondilly
    • Hawkesbury and Wollondilly Vegetables Vegetables production  Hawkesbury 42.4% of Sydney and 6% of NSW  Wollondilly 16.4% of Sydney 2.3% of NSW  Perishable Vegetables Hawkesbury 42.5% of Sydney and 19.4% of NSW  Wollondilly 16.4% of Sydney 2.3% of NSW
    • Rural residential Development Residential use of rural land where the person does not gain the main source of income from the productive capacity of the land Two types  Rural Fringe  Rural Living
    • Sydney Fringe Demography LGA % of Population Urban % of Population Rural Hawkesbury 55.7 44.3 Wollondilly 59.0 41.0 % Urban Worked from Home % Rural Worked from Home LGA Hawkesbury 2.8 8.0 Wollondilly 3.2 7.7
    • Age Structure 85 years and over 85 years and over 75-84 years 75-84 years 65-74 years 65-74 years 55-64 years 55-64 years 45-54 years 45-54 years 35-44 years 35-44 years 25-34 years 25-34 years 20-24 years 20-24 years 15-19 years 15-19 years 5-14 years 5-14 years 0-4 years 0-4 years 0.0% 5.0% Urban 10.0% Rural Hawkesbury LGA 15.0% 20.0% 0.0% 5.0% Urban Rural 10.0% Shire Wollondilly 15.0% 20.0%
    • Age Structure 65+ 65+ 15-64 15-64 0-14 0-14 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% Urban Rural 60.0% LGA Hawkesbury 80.0% 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% Urban Rural 60.0% Shire Wollondilly 80.0%
    • Occupation Certificate Level Certificate Level Advanced Diploma and Diploma Level Advanced Diploma and Diploma Level Bachelor Degree Level Bachelor Degree Level Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate Level Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate Level Postgraduate Degree Level Postgraduate Degree Level 0.0%10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% Rural Urban Hawkesbury 0.0% Rural 20.0% 40.0% Urban Wollondilly 60.0% 80.0%
    • Industry Sector Wollondilly 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% 10.0% 12.0% 14.0% 16.0% Agriculture, forestry & fishing Mining Manufacturing Electricity, gas, water & waste services Construction Wholesale trade Retail trade Accommodation & food services Transport, postal & warehousing Information media & telecommunications Financial & insurance services Rental, hiring & real estate services Professional, scientific & technical services Administrative & support services Public administration & safety Education & training Health care & social assistance Arts & recreation services Other services Inadequately described/Not stated Wollondilly Shire Urban Rural
    • Industry Sector Hawkesbury 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% 10.0% 12.0% 14.0% 16.0% Agriculture, forestry & fishing Mining Manufacturing Electricity, gas, water & waste services Construction Wholesale trade Retail trade Accommodation & food services Transport, postal & warehousing Information media & telecommunications Financial & insurance services Rental, hiring & real estate services Professional, scientific & technical services Administrative & support services Public administration & safety Education & training Health care & social assistance Arts & recreation services Other services Inadequately described/Not stated Hawkesbury LGA Urban Rural
    • Top 5 Industry Sectors Hawkesbury Industry Sector Construction Manufacturing Retail trade Education & training Health care & social assistance Rural 14.9% 10.5% 9.9% 8.7% 8.4% Hawkesbury Sydney LGA 10.7% 12.6% 7.1% 11.0% 10.8% 8.5% 10.9% 10.4% 9.8% 7.7% 8.2% 7.6% 9.9% 9.2% 10.9% Urban NSW 7.3% 8.4% 10.3% 7.9% 11.6% Wollondilly Industry Sector Construction Manufacturing Health care & social assistance Retail trade Education & training Rural 13.4% 11.0% 9.4% 8.6% 8.1% Urban 11.0% 13.6% 10.3% 10.7% 8.4% Wollondilly Sydney Shire 12.0% 7.1% 12.5% 8.5% 9.9% 10.9% 9.8% 9.8% 8.3% 7.6% NSW 7.3% 8.4% 11.6% 10.3% 7.9%
    • Rural Land Use Conflict Noise Odour Farm Chemicals Night Time Activities Visual Amenity Urban Uses Natural Environment Stock Damage Weed Infestation Lack of Understanding Communication
    • Contested Landscape  Pollution Laws written to help the complainant not food and fibre production  Legal position that all pollution can and should be kept on the property  Agriculture has smells and noise that goes beyond the boundary  In rural areas have rural residential development nearby which causes contestation in the landscape
    • Conclusion  Rural fringe is a key agricultural producer particularly vegetables  Rural Residential Development is a major component of the land use mix  Causing rural land use conflict and threatening the sustainability of food production  Need to recognise this and prepare strategies to address it
    • ian.sinclair@sydney.edu.au