Nadin_V_Territories-in-between

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Beyond the Edge: Australia's First National Peri-Urban Conference
La Trobe University
Oct 2013

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Nadin_V_Territories-in-between

  1. 1. Territories-in-between: the diversity of peri-urban development in Europe Vincent Nadin & Alex Wandl Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands
  2. 2. Territories-in-between: the diversity of peri-urban development in Europe Vincent Nadin & Alex Wandl Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands
  3. 3. Delft looking North from Neue Kirk, 2011, VN Nordeinde, Delft
  4. 4. Tirol, AW Shetland Islands, VN Peak District near Castleton 2011, VN
  5. 5. Growth rates of urban agglomerations 1970 – 2011 Source: UN World Urbanisation Prospects 2011 http://esa.un.org/unup/Maps
  6. 6. Growth rates of urban agglomerations 2011 - 2025 Source: UN World Urbanisation Prospects 2011 http://esa.un.org/unup/Maps
  7. 7. Average annual rate of change of urban population 1950 - 2020 6.00 5.00 Country & proportion urban population 4.00 Australia 89% 3.00 United Kingdom 80% Netherlands 85% 2.00 Brazil 84% China 54% 1.00 — UN Population Division (2012) World Urbanization Prospects 2011 Revision, File 6
  8. 8. population change 1950 - 2015 120,000 Netherlands 100,000 United Kingdom Australia 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Source: UN Population Division
  9. 9. population change 1950 - 2015 3,000,000 China 2,500,000 India Netherlands 2,000,000 United Kingdom 1,500,000 Australia 1,000,000 500,000 0 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Source: UN Population Division
  10. 10. Beijing Shanghai Guangzhou Hong Kong Source: Jinghuan He, TU Delft
  11. 11. Shanghai planning history – strategies Source Jinghuan He, TU Delft
  12. 12. Shanghai planned development in 1959 vs actual development in 1984 N 0 3 6 9km Legend Development that conforms to the plan Planned development without implementation Unplanned development Source: Jinghuan He, TU Delft 12
  13. 13. Shanghai planned development in 1986 vs actual development in 1997 N 0 3 6 9km Legend Development that conforms to the plan Planned development without implementation Unplanned development Source: Jinghuan He, TU Delft
  14. 14. Shanghai planned development in 1999 vs actual development in 2010 N 0 3 6 9km Legend Development that conforms to the plan Planned development without implementation Unplanned development Source: Jinghuan He, TU Delft
  15. 15. population, economic growth, and prosperity competition between ‘local governments’ multi-level & sector cooperation tools that assume control speculation public attitudes Who wins and loses?
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. Source: CEC (2010) Fifth Report on Social, Economic and Territorial Cohesion, Luxembourg: OOPEC, p. 67
  19. 19. RS Shifting conceptualisations of the core of Europe Blue Banana (Brunet 1989) Golden Triangle (Williams 1993) Central Regions (CEC 2001h) Coastal sprawl accessible rural areas accessible rural areas HE Pentagon (Schön 2000, CEC 2007b) Source: Dühr, Colomb and Nadin 2010 European Spatial Planning
  20. 20. city urbanisation fringe post-modern edge city spread city Randstad ring city shadowland peri-urbancittà diffusa development Annähernd Perfekte Peripherie Stadtlandschaft middle landscapes Tussenland hybrid geographies territories of a new modernity Zwischenstadt accessible rural areas
  21. 21. city urbanisation fringe post-modern edge city spread city Randstad ring city territories-inshadowland peri-urbancittà diffusa development between Annähernd Perfekte Peripherie Stadtlandschaf middle landscapes t hybrid geographies territories of a new modernity Tussenland Zwischenstadt 21
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. monocentric polycentric corridor dispersed 23
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. dispersed 27
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. threats ‘the ignored challenge … that threatens the very culture of Europe’ European Environment Agency 2010 opportunities 29
  30. 30. Source: Thomas, D. (1963) London's Green Belt: The Evolution of an Idea, in the Geographical Journal, Vol. 129, No. 1 (Mar., 1963), pp. 14-24 The 1947 Finger Plan for Copenhagen, Regional Planning Office contain design landscape concede 30
  31. 31. containment
  32. 32. regional design Principles of Spatial Development in the Austrian OstRegion (around Vienna). Source: Planunggemeinschaft Ost
  33. 33. landscape Source: lwl.com
  34. 34. concede 1. New houses 2003-07 2. Areas of >10% pop growth Source: Sara King, TU Delft from Ireland Environmental Protection Agency & Urbis Spatial Data Warehouse, UCD 34
  35. 35. 35
  36. 36. policy strategy incentives zoning 36
  37. 37. 3 7 3 7 37
  38. 38. conclusions
  39. 39. Land use change hotspots 1990-2006 Source: ESPON Synthesis Report 2013, p. 44 39
  40. 40. 40
  41. 41. 41
  42. 42. 42
  43. 43. 43

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