IT’S ALL ABOUT GROWTH: PERI-URBAN PLANNING IN ‘THE
BUSH’.

Paul McFarland

Geography and Planning
University of New Englan...
Presentation

Scene setting
Outcomes
Theory and practice

Conclusions

It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘...
County of Cumberland
Planning Scheme –
Sydney, 1951

It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
Melbourne’s Urban Growth Boundaries

It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
The Macro-economic Emphasis in Political Ideology

Source: http://oxfamblogs.org/doughnut/

It’s All About Growth: Peri-ur...
Purposive sampling using semi-structured interviews
Urban & Regional Planners’ Perspectives on Peri-urban Land Use
State, ...
It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
New England Region Snapshot
Area: 99,144 km2

Population (est.): 183,116

Growth rate 2007-2011: 1.37%

(Sydney 4.66%)

Ma...
It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
Key Issues:
i) Planning Focus

ii) Land Use Generally

iii) Peri-urban Land Use Planning

iv) National and International U...
i) Peri-urban Land Use Planning
Peri-urban fringe pressures acknowledged
- mainly in terms of time taken to rezone from no...
ii) National and International Understanding
Food security and mining
Vancouver’s approach to agriculture most cited inter...
iii) Planning System Changes
Broad support for reduction of ‘busy work’ (minor applications)
Consultant planners most supp...
General Planning Issues
Planners are more focused on regulatory rather than strategic planning
Perhaps due to strategic pl...
Peri-urban Specific Issues
Second modernity compression of space/time, global markets, interconnectedness,
social awarenes...
Conclusion
What is needed in regional planning:
Paradigm shift in the way peri-urban is viewed and valued

Greater engagem...
Thank You

It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
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Mc Farland_It’s all about growth: peri-urban planning in ‘The Bush’.

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Beyond the Edge: Australia's First National Peri-Urban Conference
La Trobe University
Oct 2013

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Mc Farland_It’s all about growth: peri-urban planning in ‘The Bush’.

  1. 1. IT’S ALL ABOUT GROWTH: PERI-URBAN PLANNING IN ‘THE BUSH’. Paul McFarland Geography and Planning University of New England, Armidale.
  2. 2. Presentation Scene setting Outcomes Theory and practice Conclusions It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  3. 3. County of Cumberland Planning Scheme – Sydney, 1951 It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  4. 4. Melbourne’s Urban Growth Boundaries It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  5. 5. The Macro-economic Emphasis in Political Ideology Source: http://oxfamblogs.org/doughnut/ It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  6. 6. Purposive sampling using semi-structured interviews Urban & Regional Planners’ Perspectives on Peri-urban Land Use State, local and private practice planners Narrative analysis (Alvarez & Urla, 2002; Wiles et al., 2005) Important distinction: ‘story’ comes from the interview ‘narrative’ comes from the analysis of that story (Riley & Hawe, 2005) It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  7. 7. It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  8. 8. New England Region Snapshot Area: 99,144 km2 Population (est.): 183,116 Growth rate 2007-2011: 1.37% (Sydney 4.66%) Major land use: agriculture (71.58% land area) Increasing importance of mining: Narrabri and Gunnedah - Coal Source: ABS, 2013 http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@nrp.nsf/lookup/110Main+Features12007-2011 It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  9. 9. It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  10. 10. Key Issues: i) Planning Focus ii) Land Use Generally iii) Peri-urban Land Use Planning iv) National and International Understanding v) Planning System Changes It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  11. 11. i) Peri-urban Land Use Planning Peri-urban fringe pressures acknowledged - mainly in terms of time taken to rezone from non-urban to urban ‘Values – mainly urban perspective: lifestyle, low density, rural outlook - some acknowledged other values: mining, water, sewerage, scenic Urban expansion into peri-urban seen as inevitable - benefits: choice, tree change, use strategic planning Negatives noted from those whose lifestyles were affected, incl. farmers - simplistic approach to resolve this, e.g. education, caveats Environmental – indigenous heritage, threatened species, new infrastructure Large scale issues, e.g. food security, generally overlooked It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  12. 12. ii) National and International Understanding Food security and mining Vancouver’s approach to agriculture most cited international e.g. Significant number unaware / unable to discuss specific examples Urban ag. cited as way to offset loss of non-urban ag. Land Some questioned the relevance of this to local – state or federal issue Planning seemed more focused on local and immediate processing It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  13. 13. iii) Planning System Changes Broad support for reduction of ‘busy work’ (minor applications) Consultant planners most supportive of changes that would application costs and processing times reduce Reduction of objections to planning strategy More local autonomy (frameworks as opposed to standard codes) No suggestions specifically re peri-urban - local planners realisation of state control over planning It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  14. 14. General Planning Issues Planners are more focused on regulatory rather than strategic planning Perhaps due to strategic planning being viewed through regulatory lens: 'the location, intensity, form, amount, and harmonization of land development required for various space using functions' (Albrechts, 2006) Continued use of planning approach from Beck’s (2000) ‘first modernity’ - Fordist production systems, the nuclear family, local protectionism and an unquestioning faith in science It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  15. 15. Peri-urban Specific Issues Second modernity compression of space/time, global markets, interconnectedness, social awareness Local still features, but needs to revision itself to be more responsive to economic, social and environmental needs (Mayer & Knox, 2010) Colonial notions of abundance of land and reliable access to food - Ignores research on peaks and climate change Actions do not link to corporate rhetoric, e.g. environmental footprint Peri-urban land is comparmentalised and not recognised as multi-functional It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  16. 16. Conclusion What is needed in regional planning: Paradigm shift in the way peri-urban is viewed and valued Greater engagement with trends in planning (literature, other jurisdictions) Community engagement is critical for local planning with less distraction by minute; more focus on strategic planning, especially peri-urban multi-functionality (second modernity) It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
  17. 17. Thank You It’s All About Growth: Peri-urban planning in the ‘bush’.
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