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Johnson_H_Forming community in a context of growth in population and diversity


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Beyond the Edge: Australia's First National Peri-Urban Conference …

Beyond the Edge: Australia's First National Peri-Urban Conference
La Trobe University
Oct 2013

Published in: Technology

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  • 1. Building Community In a context of rapid growth in Population & Diversity in the City of Wyndham
  • 2. Role of Local Government Local Government Functions  Infrastructure Provision  Roads, Drains (Local)  Open Space and Recreation  Community and Civic Buildings  Community Supports/Development  Planning and Regulation  Governance  Services  Advocacy
  • 3. Population Growth
  • 4. Growth in Population 2013 187788 2011 166699 2009 143405 2007 123778 2005 108795 Population
  • 5. Growth in organisation 2012/13 2011/12 2009/10 2007/8 2005/6 0 500 Total Headcount Total EFT 1000 1500
  • 6. People  Higher proportions of residents aged under 18, and 25 to 49 years old  68 babies born each week in 2011/12 Ancestry  English or Australian ancestries: 49%  Other significant ancestries:  Indian, Maltese and Filipino  1503 migrants to Wyndham in 2012  49% as skilled migrants  About 200 humanitarian visa  Mandarin, Karen and Italian most common non-English languages spoken
  • 7. People (cont…)  % of households experiencing housing stress in 2011:  Wyndham: 25  Metro Melbourne : 20  Unemployment  2006 - 5.4%  2011 – 6.3%  Reported incidents of family violence for the 2010-2011 period:  810 recorded incidents per 100,000 population
  • 8. People (cont…)  % who are managers and other professional is rising  Wyndham: 27.7  Metro Melbourne: 36.6  Over half of Wyndham residents Work outside of the municipality  Nearly 75% drive to work  Over 25% of residents spend two or more hours each day travelling between work and home
  • 9. Wyndham municipality Local Government Functions in Wyndham  Infrastructure Provision  Established agriculture and vegetable growing; RAAF; Treatment Plant; Melbourne Water; ocean  Established industrial (Laverton)  Freight, Vline and Regional Rail  Strong developer influence on housing stock  Planning and Regulation  State Govt growth boundary extensions and population targets  Fast growth, developers and state government strong stakeholders  Services  Council is largest provider of services  Small NFP presence
  • 10. Wyndham municipality Local Government Functions in Wyndham  Community Supports/Development  Insufficient infrastructure at affordable rates  Emerging communities – not one ‘average’  Seifa index average 1013.4, with lowest 874.6 and highest 1092.8 (9 above and 9 below Aus av of 1002)  Governance  Time poor individuals and families  Advocacy  Traffic Congestion and development of road and other State/Federal infrastructure eg schools
  • 11. Definition of Community Oxford Dictionaries – in part 1  Group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic in common  A group of people living together and practising common ownership  A body of nations or states unified by common interests  The people of a district or country considered collectively, especially in the context of social values and responsibilities 2  The condition of sharing or having certain attitudes and interests in common
  • 12. What do we know of Community? John Bowlby (2000, p283-4): Diminution in social and community involvement due to:  Time and money pressures – 10%  Suburbanisation and community – 10%  Electronic entertainment – 25%  Generational change and ‘TV generation’ – 50% Wyndham in 2013:  Time pressured families (2hrs commuting; mortgage stress)  Almost 79,000 or 58% of the population arrived in the last 8 years – 42% of the population experienced dramatic change  Traffic congestion dramatically increased  Social media influence growing  Interest based groups multiplying – cultures, faiths, sport
  • 13. Building Community? Elements of Community Building 1. Community Infrastructure 2. Community Strengthening 3. Community Decision making 4. Advocacy
  • 14. Building Community? Elements of Community Building 1. Community Infrastructure – Place making  State Government (GAA etal)  Developer Contributions  Community facility stakeholders Cross department and stakeholder collaboration
  • 15. Building Community? Elements of Community Building 2. Community Strengthening  Community leadership and governance  Council community grants and volunteer programs  Service Provision Community and Council department collaboration
  • 16. Building Community? Elements of Community Building 3. Community Decision making  Engagement methodologies Council and community collaboration
  • 17. Building Community? Elements of Community Building 4. Advocacy  Local Gov support/campaigns Community and Council collaboration – to State/Federal
  • 18. How to Build Community? Physical Infrastructure – (Built Form)  Community Infrastructure Development  Negotiating space allocations in new facility development  MCH, kinders, recreation ovals, connective paths, arts, etc.  Regulation influences – changes without notice – e.g. 15hrs kinders  Community Infrastructure Implementation  Colocation or integrated service provision?  Competitive environment (EOI to access)  Negotiating space allocations in context of continuous demand  Prioritise Council service, community use, growing groups or new?
  • 19. How to Build Community? Social Infrastructure – (People Connection) Forms of community groups       Community Service Organisations (charities, not for profits) Community based groups (associations and affiliations)  Committees of management  Arts and Culture  Culture based groups Service Organisations Faith Groups Recreation and Sporting groups Policy dilemmas:  Policy for access to physical infrastructure and community grants – who to prioritise?  Sharing of resources  Annual infrastructure provision or longer term?  Facilitate individual cultural identities or broader community identity?
  • 20. How to Build Community? Role of Organisations/Groups  Bowlby (2000, p339-341):  Advantages of local volunteer associations:  Civic skill building, develop democratic habits, participation in civic life, social connectedness and reciprocity, self esteem  Risks of local volunteer associations:  Single interests, potential extremism, homogenous ideological views, anti-democratic  Local Government through allocation of resources and planning decisions influence the strength of individual groups  Political processes in turn influence Local Government
  • 21. How to Build Community? Organisational Processes Local Government Organisations  Multiple Services  Multiple Professions and Skills  Traditionally arranged hierarchically  ALGA, quoted by Frank Hornby (2012):  … various council departments still continued a singular and specialised approach to policy and services planning and in a manner that had only a basic relationship to other council departments  In any locality, there are a myriad of services and programs being delivered by the three spheres of government, their agencies and the wider community. Often these services are poorly coordinated and integrated, resulting in gaps and overlaps in service delivery and the inappropriate or untimely provision of facilities (p353)
  • 22. How to Build Community? Wyndham Organisation Initiatives to address Organisational Barriers  Leadership Development Program  Encouraging cross-organisational collaboration  Integrated Planning Group  Developing integrated service model for community centres  Community Engagement Skill Development  Encourage decision making based on community involvement, rather than ‘for the community’  Local Area Planning  Plan new infrastructure based on local profile and engagement
  • 23. Building Community in Wyndham Context of:  Local Government Role and Function  Rapid Growth in Population, Diversity and Organisation  Pressures on community both societal and arising from the changes City of Wyndham is:  Planning physical and social infrastructure with key stakeholders  Seeking stronger engagement with local community groups and organisations to influence the community building  Addressing its own organisational processes to break down barriers and achieve more integrated planning  Striving to build diverse, thriving communities which deliver the benefits community life and strengthen local democracy References: John Bowlby, Bowling Alone, Touchstone 2000 Frank Hornby, Australian Local Government and Community Development, Australian Scholarly Publishing Pty Ltd, 2012