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BY:LATIF-HYDER-WADHO
What is Biotechnology?General DefinitionThe application of technology to improvea biological organismDetailed Definition T...
Gregor Johann MendelDiscovered the Laws Governingthe Genetic Inheritance of Traitsby Scientific Experimentation.Founded Mo...
Gene - a piece of DNA that controls the       expression of a traitAllele - the alternate forms of a gene
Genetic EngineeringThe process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
But nature does not contain all the        genetic variation man desires•Fruits with vaccines•Grains with improved nutrition
Virus resistant tomato
NORMAL   GOLDENRICE     RICE
Genetically Engineered       Products
Clothing (Spider Silk) Elastic, light weight fiber 5 times stronger than steel One method involves inserting the gene fr...
Spider Silk To make flak jackets, rope, textiles, sutures, artificial tendons, and bandages for burn victims
Synthetic biologyCreating lifelike characteristics through the use of chemicalsBased on creating structures similar to t...
Molecular BiotechnologyChanging the genetic make-up of an organismAltering the structure and parts of cellsUses genetic...
 Medicine Agriculture Environment Forestry Food and beverage processing
MedicineSome new developments delve into the hereditary material of humans known as gene therapyTherapeutant - product u...
EnvironmentalProblems naturally solved by microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi break down contaminant into a form less ...
Plant BiotechnologyImprove plants and the products produced from themInsect and disease resistanceEngineered to have de...
Animal BiotechnologyImprove animals or the products they produceAnimals may be used to produce products that promote hum...
Food and BeveragesUse of technology in producing and processingSome Biotechnology principles have been employed for hund...
EfficiencyMust keep the cost of improving products as low as possibleBiotechnology results in greater efficiencyResults...
BiotechnologyBiotechnology helps to meet our basic needs.Food, clothing, shelter, health and safetyUsed to make product...
THANK    YOU
Biotechnology by latif hyder wadho
Biotechnology by latif hyder wadho
Biotechnology by latif hyder wadho
Biotechnology by latif hyder wadho
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Biotechnology by latif hyder wadho

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Transcript of "Biotechnology by latif hyder wadho"

  1. 1. BY:LATIF-HYDER-WADHO
  2. 2. What is Biotechnology?General DefinitionThe application of technology to improvea biological organismDetailed Definition The application of the technology to modify the biological function of an organism by adding genes from another organism A wide ranging scientific field which includes the manipulation of living organisms that results in new products or processes by that cell.
  3. 3. Gregor Johann MendelDiscovered the Laws Governingthe Genetic Inheritance of Traitsby Scientific Experimentation.Founded Modern Genetics.
  4. 4. Gene - a piece of DNA that controls the expression of a traitAllele - the alternate forms of a gene
  5. 5. Genetic EngineeringThe process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
  6. 6. But nature does not contain all the genetic variation man desires•Fruits with vaccines•Grains with improved nutrition
  7. 7. Virus resistant tomato
  8. 8. NORMAL GOLDENRICE RICE
  9. 9. Genetically Engineered Products
  10. 10. Clothing (Spider Silk) Elastic, light weight fiber 5 times stronger than steel One method involves inserting the gene from a weaving spider into a fertilized goat egg. The resultant “spider-goat” produces milk that can be manufactured into strong fibers.
  11. 11. Spider Silk To make flak jackets, rope, textiles, sutures, artificial tendons, and bandages for burn victims
  12. 12. Synthetic biologyCreating lifelike characteristics through the use of chemicalsBased on creating structures similar to those found in living organisms
  13. 13. Molecular BiotechnologyChanging the genetic make-up of an organismAltering the structure and parts of cellsUses genetic engineering, molecular mapping and similar processes
  14. 14.  Medicine Agriculture Environment Forestry Food and beverage processing
  15. 15. MedicineSome new developments delve into the hereditary material of humans known as gene therapyTherapeutant - product used to maintain health or prevent diseaseBiopharmaceuticals – drug or vaccine developed through BiotechnologyCalled designer drugs
  16. 16. EnvironmentalProblems naturally solved by microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi break down contaminant into a form less harmful or not harmful
  17. 17. Plant BiotechnologyImprove plants and the products produced from themInsect and disease resistanceEngineered to have desired characteristics
  18. 18. Animal BiotechnologyImprove animals or the products they produceAnimals may be used to produce products that promote human health
  19. 19. Food and BeveragesUse of technology in producing and processingSome Biotechnology principles have been employed for hundreds of yearsYeast in baking bread
  20. 20. EfficiencyMust keep the cost of improving products as low as possibleBiotechnology results in greater efficiencyResults in trees that grow faster and produce wood that is more desirable
  21. 21. BiotechnologyBiotechnology helps to meet our basic needs.Food, clothing, shelter, health and safetyUsed to make products more useful or desirable………..
  22. 22. THANK YOU
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