Categories of Prehistoric Art<br />Upper Paleolithic: c. 40,000 - c. 8,000 BC<br /> Paleo (Old) Lith (stone) “Old Stone Age”<br /><ul><li>Mesolithic: c. 8,000 – c. 6,000 BC</li></ul> (Date varies depending on geography)<br />Meso (Middle) “Middle Stone Age”<br /><ul><li>Neolithic:c. 6,000 – 3,000 BC</li></ul>Neo (New) “New Stone Age”<br />
Upper Paleolithic Art<br />Period<br /> c. c. c. 40,000 – c. 8,000 BC4<br />R0Read in your text and discuss the climate and lifestyle in Europe at this time.<br />,000 BC – c. 8,000 BC<br />Read in your text and discuss the climate and living conditions at this time in Europe.<br />
Lascaux Cave<br /> Dordogne, FranceCa<br /> c. 17,000-15,000 BC<br /> Plan of Lascaux<br />Now we will look at the area called the “painted gallery” (also known as the “axial gallery”) See it?<br />
Summary of the Technique of Lascaux Cave<br />Used only earth colors, the ochre's. Thus limited to reds, browns, and yellow tones. No blue or green.<br />Applied the paint with animal brushes as well as their hand. In addition, used a blowing technique—blew pigment through hollowed out bone tube. <br />
Summary of the Styleof LascauxCaveandothercaves<br />The style is primarily perceptual, meaning theartists use various means to create a natural image. Such as:<br />Light and shadow contrast or shading<br />Modeling the anatomy with light & shadow<br />Anatomical accuracy<br />Correct proportions<br />Natural colors<br />Modeling the anatomy with light & shadow<br />Anatomical accuracy<br />Correct proportions<br />
The Meaning of Cave Art<br />Hunting Magic Theory – Henri Breiul<br />Fertility Theory – Andre Leroi-Gourhan<br />Seasonal Notation Theory – Alex. Marshack<br />Entoptic Theory – David Lewis-Williams<br />
Laussel “Venus”<br />This is one of several so-called “Venuses” found from prehistoric times. It is an obvious fertility idol due to the emphasis on the enlarged areas of the body connecting to fertility. Plus you see how it has no emphasis on the face or feet. Notice how she holds a bison horn in one hand. She also has some reddish color preserved. <br />
Paleolithic Ivory Carved Head of a woman<br />
Color picture of the ivory head.Notice how she has no carved eyes, only eye brows, and no mouth. These may have been painted on. Still the delicate long neck gives a sense of beauty. Perhaps she was a goddess.<br />
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