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A survey of Paleolithic art.

A survey of Paleolithic art.



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    UpperPaleolithicArt2 UpperPaleolithicArt2 Presentation Transcript

    • Categories of Prehistoric Art
      Upper Paleolithic: c. 40,000 - c. 8,000 BC
      Paleo (Old) Lith (stone) “Old Stone Age”
      • Mesolithic: c. 8,000 – c. 6,000 BC
      (Date varies depending on geography)
      Meso (Middle) “Middle Stone Age”
      • Neolithic:c. 6,000 – 3,000 BC
      Neo (New) “New Stone Age”
    • Upper Paleolithic Art
      c. c. c. 40,000 – c. 8,000 BC4
      R0Read in your text and discuss the climate and lifestyle in Europe at this time.
      ,000 BC – c. 8,000 BC
      Read in your text and discuss the climate and living conditions at this time in Europe.
    • Lascaux Cave
      Dordogne, FranceCa
      c. 17,000-15,000 BC
      Plan of Lascaux
      We will start by looking at the “Great Hall of the Bulls”. Notice it at the top.
    • Hall of the Bulls, Lascaux
    • Lascaux, Detail of Bulls
    • Hall of Bulls, View of superimposing and dots
    • Drawing of the Hall of Bulls
    • This shows the superimposing. Notice the large black line crossing over a small reindeer.
    • DeSee the smaller cows painted within the larger bull.
    • Hall of Bulls, Reindeer
    • Lascaux Cave
      Dordogne, FranceCa
      c. 17,000-15,000 BC
      Plan of Lascaux
      Now we will look at the area called the “painted gallery” (also known as the “axial gallery”) See it?
    • Painted Gallery (Axial Gallery)
    • Axial Gallery
    • AxialAxialGalleryReindeer
    • DrawAxial Gallery Layout Axial Gallery
    • Painted Gallery (Axial Gallery)
    • LascauxBison,, BacktoBack
    • Well Scene (“Shaft of the Dead Man”)
    • Detail, Well Scene
    • Summary of the Technique of Lascaux Cave
      Used only earth colors, the ochre's. Thus limited to reds, browns, and yellow tones. No blue or green.
      Applied the paint with animal brushes as well as their hand. In addition, used a blowing technique—blew pigment through hollowed out bone tube.
    • FontdeGaumeCave,, France, Reindeer
    • FontdeGaumeBison
    • Cave of Pech Merle
    • Handprints, Gargas Cave, France
    • Chauvet Handprint
    • Summary of the Styleof LascauxCaveandothercaves
      The style is primarily perceptual, meaning theartists use various means to create a natural image. Such as:
      Light and shadow contrast or shading
      Modeling the anatomy with light & shadow
      Anatomical accuracy
      Correct proportions
      Natural colors
      Modeling the anatomy with light & shadow
      Anatomical accuracy
      Correct proportions
    • The Meaning of Cave Art
      Hunting Magic Theory – Henri Breiul
      Fertility Theory – Andre Leroi-Gourhan
      Seasonal Notation Theory – Alex. Marshack
      Entoptic Theory – David Lewis-Williams
    • Paleolithic bone carvings
    • Carved bone rods
    • Laussel “Venus”
      This is one of several so-called “Venuses” found from prehistoric times. It is an obvious fertility idol due to the emphasis on the enlarged areas of the body connecting to fertility. Plus you see how it has no emphasis on the face or feet. Notice how she holds a bison horn in one hand. She also has some reddish color preserved.
    • Paleolithic Ivory Carved Head of a woman
    • Color picture of the ivory head.Notice how she has no carved eyes, only eye brows, and no mouth. These may have been painted on. Still the delicate long neck gives a sense of beauty. Perhaps she was a goddess.