The familiar ‘accident triangle’ was first described by Heinrich in the 1930s and extensively researched since then, especially by Bird in the 1970s and by the UK Health & Safety Executive in the 1990s. BST founders Tom Krause and John Hidley were working in a back-pain clinic in California in the late 1970s. When rehabilitating injured workers who had been off work for more than one year, the average success rate is only about 20%and, even though Krause and Hidley were achieving 30%, they were frustrated by the low success rate. They investigated the common factors that had led to the accidents and discovered that At-Risk Behaviors were present in at least 85% of cases. Organizations put much less effort into investigating a Lost Time Accident than a Fatality, and even less into First Aid, and so on. Yet the same At-Risk Behaviors can be involved. [Introduce your own example e.g. overtaking a slow-moving vehicle on a narrow road] Therefore we now focus on eliminating the At-Risk Behaviors upstream of the accidents.
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