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History Of Photography

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    History Of Photography History Of Photography Presentation Transcript

    • History of Photography Luis Saldivar Period 5 Photography Mrs. Becker
    • The Meaning
      • Comes from 2 ancient Greek words:
      • - Photo = Light
      • - Graph = Draw or Write
      • Photography = Light Writing
    • The Principles
      • Optics
      • -Camera obscura = “darkroom”
      • Chemical
      • - Silver chloride turns
      • dark under exposure.
      Leonardo da Vinci drawing; 1519
    • Inventors
      • 1826: Nicéphore Niépce's produces the first permanent photograph, in France
      • - The image exposure required 8 hours.
      • 1839: Louis Daguerre invents the daguerreotype
      • - Image exposed directly on
      • a polished silver surface (copper plate)
      • with a chemical coating.
      • -A “direct positive” process –
      • there is no negative from which copies
      • can be produced.
      • - Use of different chemical
      • coatings later resulted in shorter
      • exposure times
      Louis Daguerre, 1837; Still Life
    • Important People
      • Thomas Wedgwood
      • -Silhouettes, not permanent/ turned black unless stored in dark room
      • Joseph Niepce
      • -Permanently capture image of camera obscura
      • -Summer of 1827; 1 st photograph
      Earliest surviving photograph, 1826
    • Daguerreotypes
      • Also sometimes called tintypes or Ambrotypes
      • All these are photographic images, typically stored in a folding leather case
      • All used a process that produced pictures without negatives
    • Daguerreotypes Pt. 2
      • The daguerreotype, invented first, was also the first commercially successful photographic process
      • Brought portraits to the
      • masses
      • By the 1850’s, a photo
      • cost only 50 cents
      • Portrait painters went
      • out of business
    • Drawbacks
      • The daguerreotype was hard to duplicate
      • It was fragile, so had to be kept inside a case or frame
      • By 1864, the once popular
      • profession of “daguerreotypist”
      • had almost disappeared in
      • America
    • Calotype
      • William Henry Fox Talbot experimented with photography before Daguerre, but Daguerre showed his early pictures first
      • 1841: Talbot publicized his new calotype process
      • A calotype produced a negative
      • You could make numerous positive prints from one negative
      • For a while Talbot was charging
      • photographers an annual fee to
      • use his patented process
    • The Freedom of Photography
      • William Talbot’s lawsuit against another photographer, Martin Laroche, had a mixed result for Talbot:
      • - His patent rights were upheld
      • - The court ruled Laroche,
      • using a similar process was
      • not infringing on Talbot’s
      • patent
      • As a result, Talbot did not renew
      • his patent and expired 1855
    • Glass Plates
      • Both the daguerreotype and the calotype were ultimately made obsolete by collodion
      • - A viscious solution that dries to a waterproof surface
      • - Applies to glass plates
      • - Used in conjuction with a dip of silver nitrate
      • A wet plate process that
      • required rapid processing in the
      • field
      • Ruled photography until 1880
    • Stereoscopic Photography
      • A 3-D image
      • Special camera with 2 lenses
      • 2 simultaneous photographs
      • 2 different views
    • Early Pioneers
      • Scott Archer: Wet Plate/Collodion Process:1851
      • Dr. Richard Maddox: Dry Plate:1871
      • George Eastman: Flexible film 1884
      • Eadweard Muybridge: Motion Picture
    • THE END