• Gagné, & Driscoll developed the following conditions of learning with standard verbs to correspond to the learning outcomes.• This theory states that there are several different types or levels of learning. This basically states that each different type requires different types of instruction.
“These events should satisfy or provide the necessary conditions for learningand serve as the basis for designing instruction”. (Gagne, Briggs & Wager,1992).• Gaining attention (reception)• Informing learners of the objective (expectancy)• Stimulating recall of prior learning (retrieval)• Presenting the stimulus (selective perception)• Providing learning guidance (semantic encoding)• Eliciting performance (responding)• Providing feedback (reinforcement)• Assessing performance (retrieval)• Enhancing retention and transfer (generalization)
1. Gain attention - show variety of computer generated triangles2. Identify objective - pose question: "What is an equilateral triangle?"3. Recall prior learning - review definitions of triangles4. Present stimulus - give definition of equilateral triangle5. Guide learning- show example of how to create equilateral6. Elicit per formance - ask students to create 5 different examples7. Provide feedback - check all examples as correct/incorrect8. Assess performance- provide scores and remediation9. Enhance retention/transfer - show pictures of objects and askstudents to identify equilaterals Gagne (1985)”Provides examples of events for each category of learning outcomes”.
Rapid Prototyping is an different kind of approach to the normal kindal instructional design. A prototype is anearly phase of a system that has the same important features of the "real" thing. In ID technology, allows greaterflexibility in making the goals and shaping of instruction at early stages.(Wilson & Cole, 1993)Designers may opt to use Rapid Prototyping when the following are factors:• Time • Budget • Environmental restraints
• Gagnes model focuses on the levels of learning and the different learning styles.• Rapid prototyping models are used for identifying design flaws and gaining valuable feedback during the design process.
Both models are extremely beneficial for each process both design and learning and both modelsare made for better development of both processes. Learning and Identifying design flaws and gaining valuable feedback.