Online Safety 3.0 - Presentation for Parents and Teachers
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ConnectSafely.org's presentation on "Online Safety 3.0" -- a research-based rationale approach to youth behavior in our online world.

ConnectSafely.org's presentation on "Online Safety 3.0" -- a research-based rationale approach to youth behavior in our online world.

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  • ONLINE SAFETY CAN’T BE ONE-SIZE FITS ALL FOR MANY REASONS.... because the Web is huge and diverse and its use is highly individual, just as people’s lives are.. ...but also because there are many types of safety or well-being online and offline. In fact, online wellbeing, set in the context of what it’s FOR – full, constructive engagement in participatory culture & democracy – is more appropriately considered in terms of rights and freedoms: SO HERE ARE THE FORMS OF SAFETY WE ALL DESERVE:Physical is essential but not the all of it (playground metaphor).Psychological – we want them to have this freedom online just as much as we’ve always sought it for them offline, and their behavior is a factor in their well-being. Reputational and legal – we have a lot of work to do to develop awareness in this area, since users themselves are key to maintaining this freedom for themselves.Identity, property, and community – imposter profiles are a big one; we need to teach youth not only to protect their privacy & property but also their identity (first and foremost by protecting their passwords and not falling prey to manipulation, social engineering - like phishing scams).
  • THERE NEVER HAS BEEN A STUDY ON HOW MUCH CHILDREN ARE SOLICITED BY “PREDATORS.” NOTE THE HEADLINE: “All Children Vulnerable to Online Predators”. IT’S A TRICK QUESTION BECAUSE THE SURVEY WASN’T ABOUT PREDATORS. It was about unwanted sexual solicitations from anybody – flirting is often an unwanted sexual solicitation, as the researchers defined the term. Here’s what the 2000 study this refers to – updated in 2006 with the figure 1 in 7, so the no. of solicitations had gone down – actually said....READ THIS:“Youth identify most sexual solicitors as being other adolescents (48% in 2000; 43% in 2006) or young adults 18-24 (20%; 30%), with few (4%; 9%) coming from older adults, and the remaining being of unknown age.” THE TOTALS: 68% teens & 18-24-year-olds in 2000; 73% in 2006.
  • From 1990 to 2005 – the period of time that the Web was born and grew most rapidly – there was a 51% decline in overall child sexual – the chart’s showing that: out of every 10,000 US minors, 23 were abused, with that no. going down to 11 in 2005.UPDATE: 58% decline thru 2008, latest figure available (reported by CCRC here “Updated Trends in Child Maltreatment, 2008” )NCANDS = National Data Archives on Child Abuse & Neglect
  • Putting up a fence might keep a kid away from a specific swimming pool but teaching them to swim protects them around all water and helps them enjoy the water as well.
  • ONLY SHOWS HOW FLUID SOCIAL NETWORKING IS....If they aren’t now, very soon, kids will be able to do everything on phones that they do on the Web – plus texting!There are phone-only social-network sites (accessible via the Web but designed for phone screens), and MySpace and Facebook – all the majors – allow users to update their profiles from their phones.
  • THESE ARE ALL IMPORTANT BUT VERY GENERAL – CERTAINLY EACH INCIDENT IS UNIQUE AND NEEDS CARING INDIVIDUAL TREATMENT - a full, nonconfrontational, child-caregiver discussion that looks at the situation’s circumstances. The psychological damage can be considerable – some kids have suicidal thoughts.School counselor I spoke with several years ago would find out all the parties involved, get them in a room, and do bully-victim reverse role-playing (empathy training). In families and schools, some of these incidents can be turned into TEACHABLE MOMENTS (maybe anonymized?) for all parties’ benefit.
  • http://www.connectsafely.org/Safety-Tips/tips-to-prevent-sexting.html
  • See “US sex-offender laws, registries not conducive to child safety” , “More on sex-offender registry flaws” , and more coverage in NetFamilyNews.org .See also ConnectSafely.org’s “Tips to Prevent Sexting”: http://www.connectsafely.org/Safety-Tips/tips-to-prevent-sexting.html
  • THIS WAS A REVELATION TO ME BACK IN 2007, when I first read it in the medical journal, ARCHIVES OF PEDIATRICS & ADOLESCENT MEDICINE. This is when I realized what a big risk factor young people’s own behavior is – in the contexts of both bullying and predation.HERE’S THE CHART.... [next slide]http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/161/2/138[See also: “Digital risk, digital citizenship” .]

Online Safety 3.0 - Presentation for Parents and Teachers Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Online Safety 3.0
    Larry Magid, Ed.D
    Co-director
    ConnectSafely.org
    Founder
    SafeKids.com
    Education Committee Chair:Obama Admin’s Online Safety Technology Working Group
  • 2. Other Generations
    Have Worried about Youth
  • 3. Kids! I don't know what's wrong with these kids today!
    Kids! Who can understand anything they say?
    Kids! They a disobedient, disrespectful oafs!Noisy, crazy, dirty, lazy, loafers!
    While we're on the subject:
    Kids! You can talk and talk till your face is blue!
    Kids! But they still just do what they want to do!
    Why can't they be like we were,Perfect in every way?
    What's the matter with kids today?
    Kids from Bye Bye Birdie, 1963. Lyrics by Lee Adams
  • 4. Evolution of Online Safety
    Children as victims:
    1.0 (most of the 90’s) Pornography & predators: Protecting children from bad adults. Children as consumers of information, not as creators and based on assumptions of risk, not actual research
    2.0(around 2007) Protecting children from peers. Recognizing that kids can create content harm other kids and themselves. Cyberbullying & posting inappropriate or dangerous content
  • 5. Empowering approach
    Research-based, not fear-based, so relevant
    Flexible, layered – not one-size-fits-all
    Respectful of youth – stakeholders in positive outcomes, not just potential victims
    Positive: Not just safety from (bad outcomes) but safety for good outcomes
    Comprehensive = Incorporates safety, security, citizenship, and research/information literacy
    From Online Safety 3.0 (os3.connectsafely.org)
  • 6. 4 Types of Online Safety
    Physical safety – freedom from physical harm
    Psychological safety – freedom from cruelty, harassment, and exposure to potentially disturbing material
    Reputational and legal safety – freedom from unwanted social, academic, professional, and legal consequences that could affect you for a lifetime
    Identity, property, and community safety – freedom from theft of identity & property
    Items 1 through 3 are from Anne Collier’s NetFamilyNews
  • 7. The ‘Net effect’
    For the most part,the online world is pretty much like the “real world,” but there are a few special things to think about
    It can be permanent
    Material can be copied and pasted
    Lots of people can see it
    You don’t know for sure who’s seeing it
    AND
    Disinhibition: Lack of visual cues reducesempathy
    Source: adapted from danahboyd: Taken out of Context, 2008
  • 8. What adults worry about
    • Predation
    • 9. Viewing inappropriate content
    • 10. Posting/sending inappropriate content
    • 11. Cyberbullying & harassment
    • 12. Privacy and Reputation
    • 13. Online addiction
    • 14. Online contributing to destructive, illegal or inappropriate behavior
    • 15. Device security & social engineering
  • Predation
  • 16. Question:What proportion of American teens have been approached online by a predator?
    1 in 20
    1 in 10
    1 in 7
    1 in 5
    Almost half
  • 17. It’s a trick question
  • 18. You’ve seen the headlines
  • 19. The rise of the web has not resulted in increased victimization of children
    51% Decline (during the period of the Web’s existence)
    Blue line represents 58% decline in child sex abuse from 1992 to 2008
    Source: Updated Trends in Child Maltreatment, 2008: Finkelhor, Jones and Shattuck: Crimes Against Children Research Center
  • 20. Inappropriate content
  • 21. Seems Almost Quaint
    Playboy’s first cover, 1953
  • 22. Today’s Internet Porn
    • Easy to find
    • 23. Easy to “hide”
    • 24. Hard core porn is easier to find than soft-core erotica
    • 25. Some images and videos depict things that are not appropriate – even for adults
    • 26. But it’s important to understand the difference between:
    • 27. Occasional exposure
    • 28. Frequent exposure
    • 29. Excessive exposure
    • 30. Obsessive use
  • Parental controls like fences around swimming pools….
    To keep them safe around all water, we teach kids to swim
  • 31. Ultimately, the best filter runs between the child’s ears, not on a device
    Protection that lasts a lifetime
    Training wheels for young kids
  • 32. Sexting
    Ill-advised and often illegal
  • 33. ‘Sexting’
    • Nude or sexually explicit photo-sharing or text messages
    • 34. Usually via cellphones, but possible via other devices and Web
    • 35. Illegal when involving minors
    • 36. A few prosecutors have charged teens with production, possession, distribution of child porn
  • How Common is Sexting?
    An early survey found that 20% of teens sent a ‘sext’
    Which led to stories like this:
  • 37. But a more recent Pew Study Found
    • 4% sent a “sext”
    • 38. 15% received a “sext”
    Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project: Dec. 2009
  • 39. Why do kids send ‘sext’ messages?
    Teen “romance” – expression of shared intimacy with partner
    Flirting
    Showing off (party behavior)
    Impulsive risk-taking
    Peer pressure
    Revenge
    Bullying or intimidation
    Blackmail
  • 40. Non-legal consequences
    Emotional or reputational damage
    School discipline
    Invisible viewership – can be forwarded to anyone
    Potentially searchable on the Web, possibly forever
  • 41. Legal consequences in US
    Potential for child-porn production, distribution, or possession charges
    Could be required by state law to register as a sex offender
  • 42. Kids and Media
    Kids today spend an average of 7 hours and 38 minutes a day consuming “Entertainment media." *
    If you consider that kids are multi-tasking, it's actually closer to 11 hours*
    But before you react, consider how the are actually using it
    *Source: Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2010
  • 43. What’s a Parent to Do
    Try to be a good role model
    Have dinner together as a family
    Encourage a balanced life that includes outdoor activities
    Recognize the difference between heavy use & excessive/obsessive use
    Be nearby while they’re doing homework
    Consider banning tech devices from bedroom after bedtime
    Recognize that obsessive technology use could be a symptom of other issues
    Set limits and consider using parental controls built into game consoles and PC operating systems
  • 44. Cyberbullying
  • 45. Bullying has been around for a very long time, but cyberbullying…
    • Happens in social networks, chat, e-mail, text messaging and phone calls
    • 46. Can often be in both “real world” & online
    • 47. Can follow them home – hard to escape
    • 48. Can stick around forever
    • 49. The “Net Effect”
    Illustration: CustumeHum.com (Creative Commons License)
  • 50. Bullying has been around for a very long time, but cyberbullying…
    • Bullies can be invisible: (Victims sometimes do not know who the bully is, or why they are being targeted)
    • 51. Viral: (Hurtful actions of a cyberbully are viral; that is, a large number of people (at school, in the neighborhood, in the city, in the world!) can be involved in a cyber-attack on a victim, or at least find out about the incident… The perception is that absolutely everyone is in on the joke.
    • 52. Easy: Often easier to be cruel using technology because cyberbullying can be done from a physically distant location, and the bully doesn’t have to see the immediate response by the target
    Source: Overview of Cyberbullying (Hinduja and Patchin – cyberbullying.us
  • 53. Cyberbullying: Getting Specific
    • Weird or threatening look
    • 54. Whispering
    • 55. Excluding
    • 56. Blackmailing
    • 57. Spreading rumors
    • 58. Threatening
    • 59. Stealing friends
    • 60. Damaging social relationships
    • 61. Breaking secrets
    • 62. Criticizing clothes & personalities
    Source: Robyn Treyvaud: Cyber Safe Kids
    • Flaming
    • 63. Harassment
    • 64. Denigration
    • 65. Impersonation
    • 66. Outing
    • 67. Trickery
    • 68. Exclusion
    • 69. Cyberstalking
    Source: Nancy Willard, Center for Safe & Responsible Use of the Internet
  • 70. What Kids Should Do
    • Don't respond or retaliate
    • 71. Talk to trusted adults and peers
    • 72. Save the evidence
    • 73. Block the bully
    • 74. Be civil / don't be a bully
    • 75. Be a friend, not a bystander 
  • What Should Adults Do?
    • Listen & take child seriously
    • 76. Make sure child is and feels safe
    • 77. Don’t overreact
    • 78. Encourage child not to retaliate
    • 79. Gather facts & save the evidence
    • 80. Get the child to help solve the problem
    • 81. Teach self-esteem & resilience
    • 82. Bring in school officials if there is a “nexus” with school
    • 83. Encourage child to reach out to friends
    • 84. Encourage Courage: “Be a friend, not a bystander”
  • What Should Schools Do?
    • Respond if there is any “nexus” between off and on campus behavior
    • 85. Review existing polices to see how they apply to cyberbullying
    • 86. Work with students to create anti-bullying campaigns and posters
    • 87. Be cautious about use of law-enforcement Create a positive school climate
    • 88. Develop anonymous reporting mechanisms
    • 89. Offering training workshops for staff
    • 90. Employ peer mentoring
    • 91. Emphasize that most kids don’t bully
    Source: Overview of Cyberbullying (Hinduja and Patchin – cyberbullying.us
  • 92. It’s in Youth’s Own Interest to Treat others Well
    “Youth who engage in online aggressive behavior by making rude or nasty comments or frequently embarrassing others are more than twice as likely to report online interpersonal victimization."
  • 93. Cyberbullying Panic!
    “85% of 12 and 13 year-olds have had experience with cyberbullying,” according to one claim
  • 94. Cyberbullying is a serious problem, but …
    Source: Cox Communications Teen Online & Wireless Safety Survey
  • 95. Social norms approach
    • It’s been shown that people emulate how they think their peers behave
    • 96. If people think their friends don’t smoke, they’re less likely to smoke.
    • 97. Same is true with over-eating, excessive alcohol use and other negative behaviors, including bullying*
    *Assessing Bullying in New Jersey Secondary Schools: Applying the Social Norms Model to Adolescent Violence: Craig, Perkins 2008
  • 98. Examples of positive norming
    Source: Assessing Bullying in New Jersey Secondary Schools: Applying the Social Norms Model to Adolescent Violence: Craig, Perkins 2008
  • 99. Privacy & Reputation Management
  • 100. It’s About Having a Good Digital Footprint
    A online reputation is better than none at all
    One of the best ways to bury embarrassing search results is to create with good ones
  • 101. What is digital citizenship?
    A “citizen” has responsibilities and rights
    You have the responsibility to:
    Be civil & respectful
    You have the right to:
    Be treated respectfully by kids & adults
    Access media and express yourself*
    *U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child. Signed by all countries except U.S. & Somalia
  • 102. Cornerstones of Online Safety 3.0
    • Media literacy / Critical thinking
    • 103. Digital citizenship
  • Advice to Youth
    “With great power comes great responsibility”
    -Ben Parker, Spiderman
  • 104. Thank you!
    Larry Magid
    larry@connectsafely.org
    os3.connectsafely.org