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Larry's talk in Hyderabad

Larry's talk in Hyderabad

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine

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    • 1. Youth Safety on the Social Web Larry Magid & Anne Collier Co-directors ConnectSafely.org Revised 1/09 © 2009 ConnectSafely.org
    • 2. What is the social Web?
          • -- Also known as ‘Web 2.0’--
          • User-produced, youth-driven
          • Multiple devices
          • Multimedia
          • Uploadable, downloadable
          • Difficult to control
    • 3. Web 1.0 …
    • 4. On Web 2.0... -- Michael Kinsley, Slate.com, 11/27/06 “ ... everybody knows you’re a dog.”
    • 5. Social networking is whatever…
          • … anyone wants it to be!
          • Entertainment + socializing + homework help + media-sharing + creative outlet + friends’ latest news
          • A place to learn digital-media skills
          • A “hangout” on Web, phones, gaming
    • 6.
      • Today’s phones are full-blown mobile computers with...
      • Mobile social networking
      • Social mapping
      • Photo- & video-sharing
      • Web browsing
      • 24/7 texting
      • Even less adult supervision
      Cellphones too
    • 7. Majority of teens in social sites
      • 65% of teens use social networks and create profiles (Pew/2009)
      • 70% of 15-to-17-year-old girls
      • 48% of teens visit sites daily or more often; 26% visit once a day
          • 22% visit several times a day
      Source: Pew Internet & American Life survey
    • 8. Not just MySpace & Facebook YouTube, MyYearbook, Bebo, Hi5 & many niche social network sites Ning: Allows users to create their own social networks, or mini-MySpaces. Allows porn (with splash page). Twitter & Plurk: Micro-blogging - 140 characters or less. Kind of like blended chat & IM. Twitter mostly adults, Plurk a little younger. Second Life & other virtual worlds : Users create avatars that interact in a virtual world. Hulu: Fast-growing video-sharing site (153 million video streams, 9/08); popular for viewing whole shows online And some are a bit more questionable …. JuicyCampus Gossip site, total anonymity, no rules.… Stickam : Social video-streaming site with live webcam chat.
    • 9. What are they doing in there?
      • Good or “normal”…
      • “ Social producing”
      • Learning social rules
      • Decorating profiles (self-expression)
      • Exploring identity
      • Writing blogs
      • Writing software code
      • Risk assessment
      • Discovering music
      • Producing & editing videos
      • Discussing interests
      • Social/political activism
      • Keeping in touch with friends long-term
    • 10. What else are they doing in there?
      • Neutral or negative…
      • Seeking validation
      • Competing in a popularity contest
      • Venting
      • Showing off
      • Embarrassing themselves
      • Pulling pranks
      • Getting even
      • Harassing
    • 11. The ‘ Net effect’
      • Persistence & searchability: Net as permanent searchable archive
      • Replicability : ability to copy and paste from anywhere, to anywhere
      • Scalability: high potential visibility
      • Invisible audiences: you never know who’s watching
      • Collapsed contexts: different audiences hear & see different things
      • Blurring of public and private: boundaries not clear
      Source: danah boyd: Taken out of Context, 2008
    • 12. Mostly for real-life friends
      • 72% use sites to socialize with their real-life friends.
      • Only a modest number (17%) of social-networking teens say they use the sites to flirt.
      Source: Pew Internet & American Life survey January 2007
    • 13. Teens do have a clue when it comes to safety & privacy
      • 66% of teens who have created a profile say that their profile is not visible by all Internet users. They limit access to their profiles.
      • 21% say their profile is not currently visible.
      • Just 1% of social-network users say they do not know who can see their profile.
      Source: Pew Internet & American Life survey January 2007
    • 14. Are they careful about photos?
      • Yes and no (more on Web than on phones)
      • Cellphones : Reports of“sexting” (nude photo-sharing) are growing
      • Web : 39% say they restrict access to their photos “most of the time.”
      • 38% report restricting access “only sometimes.”
      • 21% of teens who post photos say they “never” restrict access to the images they upload. (Online adults are more lax in restricting access.)
      Source: Pew Internet & American Life survey January 2007
    • 15. Teens are alive today, thanks to social-networking sites… Plan To 'Shoot Up' School Foiled Jan 12, 2009: “Deputies in Transylvania County said they got a call from a sheriff's office in New York. A teenager there apparently came forward and said she met a 15-year-old on MySpace who said he had a dangerous plan.”
    • 16. Question : What proportion of teens have been approached online by a predator?
      • 1 in 20
      • 1 in 10
      • 1 in 7
      • 1 in 5
      • Almost half
    • 17. It’s a trick question
    • 18. What the surveys really said
      • The survey asked “Did you receive an unwanted sexual solicitation in the past year”
      • The response went from 1 in 5 in 2000 to 1 in 7 in 2005. An improvement
      • 43% of all solicitations and 44% of aggressive solicitations came from youth
      • 39% of solicitors were adult but all but 9% of those were between 18 and 25
      • Two-thirds or more of the youth described solicitations as not particularly distressing
      • The number of children actually molested went from none in 2000 to 2 (out of 1500) in 2005. It can happen, but it’s statistically very rare.
      Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later Crimes Against Children Research Center, 2006
    • 19. Question Do you agree that the growth in young people’s use of the Internet correlates with a rise in sexual abuse against children?
    • 20. SA Sub 1990-2005* Rate per 10,000 Children (<18) Source: NCANDS / Finkelhor & Jones, 2006 51% Decline (during the period of the Web’s existence) Answer: No Confirmed cases of child sexual abuse
    • 21. Deception rarely involved
      • Victims are aware of the approximate age and sexual intentions of the adults who contact them.
      • Only 5% of offenders pretend to be teens.
      • In some cases, the kids are being aggressive and sexually suggestive and pose in ways to make themselves look older than they are.
      • --Janis Wolak, University of New Hampshire’s Crimes Against Children Research Center (paraphrase, not exact quote)
    • 22. What causes risk?
      • Aggressive behavior in the form of making rude or nasty comments increased the odds of being victimized 2.3 times
      • Frequently embarrassing others increased the risk almost 5 times
      • Meeting people in multiple ways increased the odds 3.4 times
      • Talking about sex online with strangers doubled the risk
      • Engaging in multiple risky behaviors puts you at greatest risk
      • Posting personal information is not related to victimization
      Source: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, Feb 2007 Ybarra, Mitchell, Finkelhor, Wolak
    • 23. The kids most at risk online are those at risk offline
      • Online risks are not radically different in nature or scope than the risks minors have long faced offline.
      • Minors most at risk in the offline world continue to be most at risk online.
      • The psychosocial makeup and family dynamics surrounding a child are better predictors of risk than the technology used.
      • Messages need to be tailored to the child. One-size-fits-all doesn’t work.
      Source: Internet Safety Technical Task Force Report, January 2009
    • 24. More likely risks
      • Damaged reputation
      • Emotional hurt
      • Self-created child porn
      • Negative validation
      • Defamation
      • Impersonation
      • Permanent archive
      • Inappropriate content
      • PC security
      • Cyberbullying…
    • 25. Cyberbullying
      • The risk that affects the most children
      • 2 separate studies: About 33% of US teens have been harassed or bullied*
      • Online harassment (more common) vs. bullying
      • Cyberbullying : repeated aggression; associated with real life; power imbalance
      • It’s more a developmental than a technology problem
      Sources: Patchin and Hinduja, 2006; Pew/Internet, 2007; Crimes Against Children Research Center, 2007
    • 26. Signs of cyberbullying
      • Loss of friends
      • Depression
      • Anxiety
      • Loss of sleep
      • Doesn’t want to go to school
      • Covers screen or turns off device when others come into room*
      * can also be a sign of an inappropriate online relationship
    • 27. What to tell kids facing cyberbullying
      • Don’t react (often the bully’s goal)
      • Don’t retaliate
      • Block the bully
      • Save the evidence
      • Talk to a trusted adult
    • 28. Keys to finding solutions
      • Understanding that the teenage brain is “a work in progress” (brain takes up to 25 years to develop)
      • What’s happening online is more about adolescent behavior/development than tech
      • Net = amplifier, searchable archive, pretty permanent; User/producers have multiple invisible audiences
      • Collaborative solution-making needed
    • 29. To summarize
      • The social Web…
      • is good and bad for teens
      • is a fact of life - not going away
      • is user-driven (little control)
      • Social Web safety requires…
      • Growing understanding of benefits, risks
      • Multiple forms of expertise
      • Collaborative, long-term response
      • Targeting real risks not high-frequency, low-risk behaviors
    • 30. Thank you & please visit our forum at www.ConnectSafely.org
      • Larry Magid
      • Co-director, ConnectSafely.org
      • [email_address]
      • Anne Collier,
      • Co-director
      • [email_address]

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