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Larry's talk in Hyderabad

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  • Netsafetyoct30 Sound

    1. 1. Youth Safety on the Social Web Larry Magid & Anne Collier Co-directors Revised 1/09 © 2009
    2. 2. What is the social Web? <ul><ul><ul><li>-- Also known as ‘Web 2.0’-- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>User-produced, youth-driven </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple devices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uploadable, downloadable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult to control </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Web 1.0 …
    4. 4. On Web 2.0... -- Michael Kinsley,, 11/27/06 “ ... everybody knows you’re a dog.”
    5. 5. Social networking is whatever… <ul><ul><ul><li>… anyone wants it to be! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Entertainment + socializing + homework help + media-sharing + creative outlet + friends’ latest news </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A place to learn digital-media skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A “hangout” on Web, phones, gaming </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Today’s phones are full-blown mobile computers with... </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile social networking </li></ul><ul><li>Social mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Photo- & video-sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Web browsing </li></ul><ul><li>24/7 texting </li></ul><ul><li>Even less adult supervision </li></ul>Cellphones too
    7. 7. Majority of teens in social sites <ul><li>65% of teens use social networks and create profiles (Pew/2009) </li></ul><ul><li>70% of 15-to-17-year-old girls </li></ul><ul><li>48% of teens visit sites daily or more often; 26% visit once a day </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>22% visit several times a day </li></ul></ul></ul>Source: Pew Internet & American Life survey
    8. 8. Not just MySpace & Facebook YouTube, MyYearbook, Bebo, Hi5 & many niche social network sites Ning: Allows users to create their own social networks, or mini-MySpaces. Allows porn (with splash page). Twitter & Plurk: Micro-blogging - 140 characters or less. Kind of like blended chat & IM. Twitter mostly adults, Plurk a little younger. Second Life & other virtual worlds : Users create avatars that interact in a virtual world. Hulu: Fast-growing video-sharing site (153 million video streams, 9/08); popular for viewing whole shows online And some are a bit more questionable …. JuicyCampus Gossip site, total anonymity, no rules.… Stickam : Social video-streaming site with live webcam chat.
    9. 9. What are they doing in there? <ul><li>Good or “normal”… </li></ul><ul><li>“ Social producing” </li></ul><ul><li>Learning social rules </li></ul><ul><li>Decorating profiles (self-expression) </li></ul><ul><li>Exploring identity </li></ul><ul><li>Writing blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Writing software code </li></ul><ul><li>Risk assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Discovering music </li></ul><ul><li>Producing & editing videos </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing interests </li></ul><ul><li>Social/political activism </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping in touch with friends long-term </li></ul>
    10. 10. What else are they doing in there? <ul><li>Neutral or negative… </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking validation </li></ul><ul><li>Competing in a popularity contest </li></ul><ul><li>Venting </li></ul><ul><li>Showing off </li></ul><ul><li>Embarrassing themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Pulling pranks </li></ul><ul><li>Getting even </li></ul><ul><li>Harassing </li></ul>
    11. 11. The ‘ Net effect’ <ul><li>Persistence & searchability: Net as permanent searchable archive </li></ul><ul><li>Replicability : ability to copy and paste from anywhere, to anywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Scalability: high potential visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Invisible audiences: you never know who’s watching </li></ul><ul><li>Collapsed contexts: different audiences hear & see different things </li></ul><ul><li>Blurring of public and private: boundaries not clear </li></ul>Source: danah boyd: Taken out of Context, 2008
    12. 12. Mostly for real-life friends <ul><li>72% use sites to socialize with their real-life friends. </li></ul><ul><li>Only a modest number (17%) of social-networking teens say they use the sites to flirt. </li></ul>Source: Pew Internet & American Life survey January 2007
    13. 13. Teens do have a clue when it comes to safety & privacy <ul><li>66% of teens who have created a profile say that their profile is not visible by all Internet users. They limit access to their profiles. </li></ul><ul><li>21% say their profile is not currently visible. </li></ul><ul><li>Just 1% of social-network users say they do not know who can see their profile. </li></ul>Source: Pew Internet & American Life survey January 2007
    14. 14. Are they careful about photos? <ul><li>Yes and no (more on Web than on phones) </li></ul><ul><li>Cellphones : Reports of“sexting” (nude photo-sharing) are growing </li></ul><ul><li>Web : 39% say they restrict access to their photos “most of the time.” </li></ul><ul><li>38% report restricting access “only sometimes.” </li></ul><ul><li>21% of teens who post photos say they “never” restrict access to the images they upload. (Online adults are more lax in restricting access.) </li></ul>Source: Pew Internet & American Life survey January 2007
    15. 15. Teens are alive today, thanks to social-networking sites… Plan To 'Shoot Up' School Foiled Jan 12, 2009: “Deputies in Transylvania County said they got a call from a sheriff's office in New York. A teenager there apparently came forward and said she met a 15-year-old on MySpace who said he had a dangerous plan.”
    16. 16. Question : What proportion of teens have been approached online by a predator? <ul><li>1 in 20 </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 10 </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 7 </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Almost half </li></ul>
    17. 17. It’s a trick question
    18. 18. What the surveys really said <ul><li>The survey asked “Did you receive an unwanted sexual solicitation in the past year” </li></ul><ul><li>The response went from 1 in 5 in 2000 to 1 in 7 in 2005. An improvement </li></ul><ul><li>43% of all solicitations and 44% of aggressive solicitations came from youth </li></ul><ul><li>39% of solicitors were adult but all but 9% of those were between 18 and 25 </li></ul><ul><li>Two-thirds or more of the youth described solicitations as not particularly distressing </li></ul><ul><li>The number of children actually molested went from none in 2000 to 2 (out of 1500) in 2005. It can happen, but it’s statistically very rare. </li></ul>Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later Crimes Against Children Research Center, 2006
    19. 19. Question Do you agree that the growth in young people’s use of the Internet correlates with a rise in sexual abuse against children?
    20. 20. SA Sub 1990-2005* Rate per 10,000 Children (<18) Source: NCANDS / Finkelhor & Jones, 2006 51% Decline (during the period of the Web’s existence) Answer: No Confirmed cases of child sexual abuse
    21. 21. Deception rarely involved <ul><li>Victims are aware of the approximate age and sexual intentions of the adults who contact them. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 5% of offenders pretend to be teens. </li></ul><ul><li>In some cases, the kids are being aggressive and sexually suggestive and pose in ways to make themselves look older than they are. </li></ul><ul><li>--Janis Wolak, University of New Hampshire’s Crimes Against Children Research Center (paraphrase, not exact quote) </li></ul>
    22. 22. What causes risk? <ul><li>Aggressive behavior in the form of making rude or nasty comments increased the odds of being victimized 2.3 times </li></ul><ul><li>Frequently embarrassing others increased the risk almost 5 times </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting people in multiple ways increased the odds 3.4 times </li></ul><ul><li>Talking about sex online with strangers doubled the risk </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging in multiple risky behaviors puts you at greatest risk </li></ul><ul><li>Posting personal information is not related to victimization </li></ul>Source: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, Feb 2007 Ybarra, Mitchell, Finkelhor, Wolak
    23. 23. The kids most at risk online are those at risk offline <ul><li>Online risks are not radically different in nature or scope than the risks minors have long faced offline. </li></ul><ul><li>Minors most at risk in the offline world continue to be most at risk online. </li></ul><ul><li>The psychosocial makeup and family dynamics surrounding a child are better predictors of risk than the technology used. </li></ul><ul><li>Messages need to be tailored to the child. One-size-fits-all doesn’t work. </li></ul>Source: Internet Safety Technical Task Force Report, January 2009
    24. 24. More likely risks <ul><li>Damaged reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional hurt </li></ul><ul><li>Self-created child porn </li></ul><ul><li>Negative validation </li></ul><ul><li>Defamation </li></ul><ul><li>Impersonation </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent archive </li></ul><ul><li>Inappropriate content </li></ul><ul><li>PC security </li></ul><ul><li>Cyberbullying… </li></ul>
    25. 25. Cyberbullying <ul><li>The risk that affects the most children </li></ul><ul><li>2 separate studies: About 33% of US teens have been harassed or bullied* </li></ul><ul><li>Online harassment (more common) vs. bullying </li></ul><ul><li>Cyberbullying : repeated aggression; associated with real life; power imbalance </li></ul><ul><li>It’s more a developmental than a technology problem </li></ul>Sources: Patchin and Hinduja, 2006; Pew/Internet, 2007; Crimes Against Children Research Center, 2007
    26. 26. Signs of cyberbullying <ul><li>Loss of friends </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t want to go to school </li></ul><ul><li>Covers screen or turns off device when others come into room* </li></ul>* can also be a sign of an inappropriate online relationship
    27. 27. What to tell kids facing cyberbullying <ul><li>Don’t react (often the bully’s goal) </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t retaliate </li></ul><ul><li>Block the bully </li></ul><ul><li>Save the evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to a trusted adult </li></ul>
    28. 28. Keys to finding solutions <ul><li>Understanding that the teenage brain is “a work in progress” (brain takes up to 25 years to develop) </li></ul><ul><li>What’s happening online is more about adolescent behavior/development than tech </li></ul><ul><li>Net = amplifier, searchable archive, pretty permanent; User/producers have multiple invisible audiences </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative solution-making needed </li></ul>
    29. 29. To summarize <ul><li>The social Web… </li></ul><ul><li>is good and bad for teens </li></ul><ul><li>is a fact of life - not going away </li></ul><ul><li>is user-driven (little control) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Web safety requires… </li></ul><ul><li>Growing understanding of benefits, risks </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple forms of expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative, long-term response </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting real risks not high-frequency, low-risk behaviors </li></ul>
    30. 30. Thank you & please visit our forum at <ul><li>Larry Magid </li></ul><ul><li>Co-director, </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Anne Collier, </li></ul><ul><li>Co-director </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>