Emma Adams White Guthrie Life HistoryDocument Transcript
-- (copy) Be it knownth~t, I, Mrs. E~ White Guthrie; whose present r es Idenee is Harri~vi11e, WeberCounty1 Utah, a m, on this 15th iay of a~ri1 1931, herein stating the history of my life. . . AND: Be it known thatthis Ihcumint is malie of my own free will ani consent. AND: Be it further-knG1WIl th8.t-no d~cument rela.ting t. my lifes history is authentic .without nr;r signature Whieh appee.rs en the 19,st and eonclu«ing sheet of this a.ecument. I was born in Lontion, England, November21st, 182 Mymilthers name being Rebecca White, my fathers name being Samuel White. MyFather jeined the Mbrmon Church in 1850, at Lon4on, Englanc..1 was perseme.lly baptized in this Chureh when I was eight years tif age, kf Meltherwas never baptize •. in this Churoh. , I - .. - . ,-. . :My Father was Porter in fruit s.nti vege-table market, 9. knewn a s theC.ovent Garaen, in the City of LenGlen. This Market was the largest market of its kitit in existanoe at that time, Fruit~, vet.etables ani flowers being shipped to this market ::- ~::_fr~om;_:_ all ·arts of the oountryoJftance~ ete}. T.h.iSpcsit.ion rrfJ~ Father held long before nr;r birth and up until his ieparture to America , which will be stated later in this ioeument. On the 1st day .f April, 1852, ~self ani my Father left LQnion, Engle.nd.fer Amerioa.The views of myMother regardin, the Mermon Ohurch were Inet in accordance with these of my Father and myself, ant it was for this reason thatwe two left Lencion, leaTing Mother behd.nd , Wehaa. one thing; in mint, which was: 1ft.•• go to the City ef Zion." We had been converted inte the Mormon religion by Mermon Missionaries who worked in London. As statea., on the 1st lay of April 1852, we left LiTerpool, Englant, (LiverpoQl bei.ng one huniree. miles away frem L~ndon.) There were four hunirei people set sail en this cate, including men, womenaha. ehilQren, all convertei to the Mormen Religitm, ami our slogan was, "Weare all Zion beun~.1t The name of the ship on which we traveled was, "The Interne.tiona 1. " Wewere en boara this ship exactly sir weeks ani three tays,from the time we leftlLiverpool, England. until we iis-embari:ei. at NewOrleans, Leuisie.na. ~ _Our averag~. :Efeti nder normal weather eontiitiens, u was iIiJY miles per ~7 on this ship, but frequently we - eneourrt.er-ed what is ltiJ.~Wn as "head-winds" and. in such cases it was our experience to be iriven back forty or mere mlea, cue to these Ithead-wind~"
-2i - . I The trip in general, for these «ays, was about, aspleasant as we eouU -expect. Mt Father brought with him quitea supply of fooi, such as breaa~ whiGhwe calle« "ginger brea~"This: 1Ii8.S ll.a<ie. into large s~;iees: of t08.st_, which. ml8 mo8tl~ wrf00". The shl.!, allowea. us a certain suppl~" of foo., but.mo:stlyeur feod consisteci of curjCilWn breac., as that whiehwas suppliecl by. the ship was @ntY in Tary small quantities;a ni for liquid, we were allowed a certain amount of water.F~r il}stance, rrrJ Father was all~wed one pint Q)f water per .ay,ani mYself beingund:r age , I wfs allewed. one half ~il1t efwater. We brought wl.th us our frtea, and from thl.S waterallowed us we were permiM.ed to go to a certain part .t 0the ahi, where we eouli heat th s water te make our-tea. , I Occasionally we were allew-e •. a small quantity .f hot waterwith which to make this tea in ~cidit.ion to that which we wereusually albwed. . Our sleepin~ quarters were all below teck, the beisbeion.. called "bunks" and were sri arrang. eel that ene liaS abovethe other. Each ind. iV iiual ha" their -.wnbunk. The De.intiEickwas used only fer pleasure, sueh a.s Walking arou:nd,holc.ing meetings etc. Every evening we held meetings onboard ship. . I. .. One of the MormonMissionaries by the name of -Captain Bro~n, Was in eharge eflthe four hundred Converts,He left Liverpool,with us # and ~s in ehar ge throughout thetrip_from l:iiver-pool until we le.llded in "Zion." As previ€lusly stat~i,lw~ landed, in liew Or-Leans, Is..six weeks and three clays from the date we set setil fromLiverpoo~, this llVlking our Iand ing . in New Or19$1..ns;La,, a beutthe miidle of May in the year lS52. . N I .. . Mter le.nding in £ ew (tlrleans, we re~inecl there enlylong enough to get eur belenginfs together, anti. cur Ca]?tainthEm leaded us on a. steam ship on which we saileW.-upthe MissouriRiver to st. Louis, Mo. A Short e.istan-ee from St. LeuIs wasour Call1pJing Grounti~ where e.rrangements were being matie to cressthe Plains to theoity of ~ien.j At this camping ground the equLpmerrt, e ons istedof wagons ana Oxen teams. Ther? were generally what iscalled three yoke of oxen to each wagon •. ( a yoke consisting;of two oxen) 1fhere were forty f-gons tcil our -Train. (A trainbeing the entiie cmtfit of wagars I exen, ete.) In a feweases there were four yoke of oxen to a wagon, but not often. . .. We rema~ned at this L;ground a few weeks Iiuring ,whioh time the eqliPmentlwas being put" in order forour tr;p to IIZ ion." Oxen had t be purchased, wagons equippeiwith bows and. eGVers~_etc.. I. We left thl.s eampl.ng ground headed far Salt LakeVa.1ley •. preVious to ~ur erossipgthese plains, surveyers hat:surv~yed pra<?t.ieally all the rOf<i, and there had been s emetravel ever same, enough so thB,t it was known to us whichwas the road. Scar ce Iy anyone ros,e Quring the entire trip
-3. from the callPing gr eund in MisLurito Salt I..e.keVall"y. ~e all walked, as our clothing beating, provisions, etc. took up ~ll the room in .the wagons, an1 it was only when one be C II. me . ~ll, or some manner u.nable to walk, that they w~re permitte« to ride. It was only when we came- to rivers that we would rid.e, ana when coming to these, natUliallt they haa to be foraed and we would ricie across such waters. Our llVlin trouble was IWith the Indians. 1his was the tribe of "SiEnn" Indians. PheYj ere a very wealthy tribe w of Indians, highly painted and dressed, in their style, and roi.e the most beautiful of ponies. They ?10uld. halt our train €If wag-on ani demand fooi. There IViasno use in trying, to fight them, as in such an event they would fight to kill. Our only way outcf such a predicament ~o~li be to fee. them. In such cases where we were attacked qy the InGtie.ns, our Captain n~de each family of the ent ire 400 Converts t give unto the Indians a certain amount of our supplies, suoh as one half pint of sugar from each family ~ and other fef)~.s we had, in proportion. Sugar, these IndiJns were very fond of, and made special demanis fer this. These Intiians were equ Lpped with bow anti arrow, scalping knives, and in a few cases of the wealthier ones , they haea fire ~rms. The main fooi en which these Inaians lived was the Buffalos they would kill. Encountering t.heeae I,ndians so frequently, and havin~ to give a certain portion ef eur food. products to them, we...:=!":."-...--- ...••.. ...,-..-..,.were- a.fr-aia we were g,oing, t.CLrun short Q.i foo_ for eurselves, ani on every occasion we tried to holci out from giving them foed, but they were wieked and wouli kill in the .ark. On ene occasion they came in th e night and frightenei our cattle, causing them to stampede. In ene case I recall now, ~ur cattle were frightened away and scattered, to the extent that we were two days getting them rounded u~ and r eady to pull off again • .1 might say, as nearly as I can reoall, we had three full months of traveling across the ~lains, walking all the way from our camping g. ~lnd in St. Lauis to Salt Lake Vall~. I The first mountains Ii recall coming to, was whG,t is known as the "Little Mountain," and Eoho Ca nyon. I recall my Father taking me ~ the hand and standing on top of Little Mounta.in, and looking over into Salt Lake Valley. t We la.nded in Salt lake Valley Oct. 1st, 1852, • full six months journey from Liverpool. We camped on what is known as "Immifration squar e ," which was very near the place th9.t is now known as "Temple Square. II No one was allowea on the place exeeptthe immigrants. Our Captain.toli us that we would, not have to reina-in on this "Immigration square" ~ I vel~r long, as there wouli be members of the MormonChurch who ."oul.- come and get us and take us to their homes. Fortunately for nw Father a nd myself we were taken by Mr. William C:. StEdnes, who was a. high member of the·Chhrch and later a high man in ~e organization of Brigham Young. We reaained here all winter at. which time :myFather took a notion to leave Salt, Lake Gity , and &;0 North,taking me with him.· We came North from Salt I..ake Valley ani lecatei at Binghams -or t (IF later known as ~nn war.)
this Binghams Fort was all en~~osed by a high Muclwall, as aprotection against the Indians~ This protection, as was thought,was really not much protection against the IncHans t but actecias frl a feeling of safet~r in the minds of the people. MyFather worked in this vicinity approximately three years,building fences and digging ditches, working for other peoplewho located here previous to our coming. I ~ Father and myself lived in a log cabin whichhe built himself. Phe winter of 1855 we.S known as the "HardWinterlt Terrible colci, so muchlso that cattle ciiecl fromexposure. The snow wa so deep ani the weather so Celli thatthe cattle, in trying to feed themselves, by eating the barkfrom the trees at the river botrQ~$, would freeze to deathstanding up. It woul. be dHficult for me to say how welived during that winter. I could probably best answer thisquestion by s9.ying,"weclicint lire." However, I recall myFather bringing home a bushel of wheat, from a man for whomhe had been working, and he took it to a small mill ani. h8i. itground. We ate the best ef it and then were forced to eatthe balanoe, which we would nowlcall bran, 0r pig feel. I also recall one incident where my Father woulclgoto the river bot.t eme, wilth a sl~a Fha bai: built, and cut therear quarters from the cattle which had frozen to death in theriver bottoms, and bring tliem home. Here he would io what wecalled "jerking" the meat. That is slicing it in fine slices,salt it and dry it. In this ma~~er we haa two bt~lap ,~~~, $acksfull of this kind of "drieci meat." In the Fall of 1857 Jahns on s Ar~T came in and.it wa""their intentions to kill .ff all the Mormons. They wereheld back in the Mountains by the Mormons all during the winterof 1857. They had sufficient gtain for their mules, and theykillei wi1. game for their own support. They were hell backin the mountians by the MQrmonsuntil they were about starvedout. In the spring of 1858 Brigham Young issuea orders thatall Mormons, except a few rear. guards I were to leave thisValley ana go down South. Ihis was done. Then, as stateaabove, Johnsons Armf was about starved out, and finally sentword in to the Guards of the Mo~monsthat if the Mormons woulc1anew them to come in they woulli not fight. Word 18 passed onto Br Igham Young and on tre promise of J ehns onjs ArJJJ!f ot tonfight, they were a-ll.wed in, ani they came. 1het went iireetlyto wmt is now known as Fer t Ji)oJglas, and oommeRcedbuiliin&what is now know as ttFort Douglas. n They hired the Mormonboys and paid them i~ Actual Money. ~het had. plenty of moneybut no provis ions. ihis was dOI1ewhile the majority of theMormons were down Sout.h , then after being; down South severs.1·months I quiet seemed to reign in the Salt Lake Valley ani BrighamYoung orciered all of us to return to our homes, which we dit. I It was after eur return from the Southtaat Fatherand I went North ani located in~hat is now mf home inHarrisville, Utah. It was whil~ I was on this farm with Fatherthat I met ~liomas B. Guthrie, w}i0mI Iat er married. My Father~Hecl in 1878. I was married pr-ev Leus to nw Fathers ieath,and gave birth to five girls and four beys , nine in all, six