SOCIAL & INTERACTIVE TV                            integrating Web & TV                                Lora Aroyo         ...
TAKE HOME MESSAGE                            Integration of TV & (Social) WebWednesday, June 8, 2011                      ...
rethinking the role of metadata as advertisement for programs                     allowing API access to TV devices       ...
•   Making APIs (and prototypes) for linking the Social        Web with broadcast and on-demand television             •  ...
EVOLUTION                          we see how web & TV co-evolveWednesday, June 8, 2011                                   5
SOCIAL NETWORKS SHOW             WEB & TV TOGETHER    • high % of social media conversations are       around what people ...
SECOND SCREEN: IN ACTION               42% UK adults discuss/comment on TV programs while                       watching (...
Wednesday, June 8, 2011   8
WHAT IS THE DRIVE?    • it’s     not technology-driven    • people              want to share (TV) experiences    • people...
FRAGMENTATION OF                              AUDIENCES    • in  the current evolution of web & broadcast TV, we see a    ...
DEVICES & CONTROLS    •   many new TV and TV-like        devices, e.g.        • internet-connected TVs, e.g.          Sams...
APPS FOR INTERACTION • media       directory apps:      • majority are incapable of        interacting with TV or        W...
ALL THIS RESULTS IN SILOS                                  we see fragmented solutions                          where peop...
SILOS POSE PROBLEMS    FOR USERS & BROADCASTERS    • difficult            for people to participate    • difficult          ...
KEY CHALLENGES               what problems do social TV developers need to solve?Wednesday, June 8, 2011                  ...
CHALLENGES FOR                    SOCIAL TV DEVELOPERS    1.How do we know what the person is watching?        •Both for b...
CHALLENGES FOR                    SOCIAL TV DEVELOPERS    3.How do we locate apps or Web pages related to it?        • In ...
GUIDELINESWednesday, June 8, 2011                18
I. RETHINK THE ROLE OF                           METADATA      • let metadata advert the content: let it flow freely in the...
EXAMPLE:    • the  BBC Backstage work with TV anytime shows the result in       the form of very creative appsWednesday, J...
Wednesday, June 8, 2011   21
II. CREATE URLS FOR                             CONTENT ITEMS    • easy         sharing of info by giving programs a life ...
EXAMPLE:                                                                           BBC                                    ...
III. AGREE ON OPEN APIS    •   to allow other apps to access & control TV playing device/app/web page             •   what...
EXAMPLE: APIS FOR RECORDING, ANNOTATION & SEARCH    • smart  phone-to-TV API, e.g. bookmarking, tag, annotate       conten...
BENEFITS                          benefits for all stakeholdersWednesday, June 8, 2011                                  26
I. BENEFITS TO AUDIENCES    • expect diverse, attractive, and accessible software & hardware       remotes    • more    cr...
II. BENEFITS TO CONTENT                       PRODUCERS    • less        fragmented audience    • more            particip...
III. BENEFITS TO DEVELOPERS    • manufacturersand developers have open and well-       documented APIs to supportWednesday...
BENCHMARK                          guidelines for NoTuble metadata and appsWednesday, June 8, 2011                        ...
HOW NOTUBLE IS YOUR                         METADATA?    •   as a guideline and as a benchmark for TV metadata, we use a 5...
NOTUBLE METADATA    •   this schema helps to determine the added value of metadata, for example:        •   content availa...
USER MODELING    • personalization            implies & assumes user (usage) modeling    • benefits             both sides ...
MAKING NEW                          CONNECTIONS    • specific & meaningful       connections between:        • existing  in...
MAKING NEW                          CONNECTIONS    • specific & meaningful       connections between:        • existing  in...
MAKING NEW                          CONNECTIONS    • specific & meaningful       connections between:        • existing  in...
MAKING NEW                          CONNECTIONS    •   specific & meaningful        connections between:        •   existin...
MAKING NEW                          CONNECTIONS    •   specific & meaningful        connections between:        •   existin...
ACTIVITY-BASED USER                                PROFILES    • an  example of advanced user modeling is the use of BBC  ...
Wednesday, June 8, 2011   38
Wednesday, June 8, 2011   39
Wednesday, June 8, 2011   39
Wednesday, June 8, 2011   39
Wednesday, June 8, 2011   39
SEMANTICS-BASED                          RECOMMENDATION    • in NoTube recommendations are based on user TV viewing &     ...
LOD PATTERNS & CONCEPT                 MATCH                                  •   direct match in                         ...
RECOMMENDING           & INTERACTING IN GROUPS    • people              want to share (TV) experiences    • integration  w...
SOCIAL TV SHOULD ENABLE    • Conversation: back-channel, recommendation              & community             •   content i...
COMMUNITY-BASED                            EXPERIENCE                          not a single TV-viewer activity any moreWed...
SOCIAL VIEWING SCENARIOS           for more details check out our blog at http://notube.tvWednesday, June 8, 2011         ...
ADAPT INDIVIDUAL SECOND         SCREEN EXPERIENCE              for more details check out our blog at http://notube.tvWedn...
HOW NOTUBLE IS YOUR APP?    • we  extend this benchmark from metadata towards       applications and software:            ...
STANDARDS    • in     this open evolution, a lot is already happening.    • the  industry shows many different parties off...
OPPORTUNITIES    • engage    through gaming, make sharing and feedback more       playful, e.g. rewards, sense of progress...
TAKE HOME MESSAGE                            Integration of TV & (Social) WebWednesday, June 8, 2011                      ...
rethinking the role of metadata as advertisement for programs                     allowing API access to TV devices       ...
•   Stay tuned:             •   http://notube.tv             •   http://notube.tv/#blog             •   @notube, #notube  ...
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NoTube: Using the Synergy of Broadcast, Internet and Social TV

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NoTube: Using the Synergy of Broadcast, Internet and Social TV

  1. 1. SOCIAL & INTERACTIVE TV integrating Web & TV Lora Aroyo VU University Amsterdam http://notube.tvWednesday, June 8, 2011 1
  2. 2. TAKE HOME MESSAGE Integration of TV & (Social) WebWednesday, June 8, 2011 2
  3. 3. rethinking the role of metadata as advertisement for programs allowing API access to TV devices using URLs for program identification would lower costs and foster creativity, and thereby benefit consumers as well as providers and manufacturersWednesday, June 8, 2011 3
  4. 4. • Making APIs (and prototypes) for linking the Social Web with broadcast and on-demand television • Using Linked data for serendipitous content discovery • Aggregating TV preference data from diverse Web activities • Enriching TV metadata • Finding graph patterns to link users to content • Adaptive advertisement • Building on open source services • Supporting real-time multi-screen exploration of TV programsWednesday, June 8, 2011 4
  5. 5. EVOLUTION we see how web & TV co-evolveWednesday, June 8, 2011 5
  6. 6. SOCIAL NETWORKS SHOW WEB & TV TOGETHER • high % of social media conversations are around what people are watching on TV • during UK/US prime-time scheduling: • Twitter trending topics - TV related • Twitter activity influence what people decide to watch • predominantly via second screens (not specifically designed)Wednesday, June 8, 2011 6
  7. 7. SECOND SCREEN: IN ACTION 42% UK adults discuss/comment on TV programs while watching (YouGov Deloitte report, Aug 2010) 49% of UK Twitter users use Twitter regularly when watching TV (BBC Audience Research Twitter survey, Aug 2010)Wednesday, June 8, 2011 7
  8. 8. Wednesday, June 8, 2011 8
  9. 9. WHAT IS THE DRIVE? • it’s not technology-driven • people want to share (TV) experiences • people want to be recognized (by what they are watching) • people want to be heard (through contributions) • young audience - very activeWednesday, June 8, 2011 9
  10. 10. FRAGMENTATION OF AUDIENCES • in the current evolution of web & broadcast TV, we see a fragmentation over multiple applications, devices & websites • not good for all • consumers • manufacturers • developers • creators & owners of contentWednesday, June 8, 2011 10
  11. 11. DEVICES & CONTROLS • many new TV and TV-like devices, e.g. • internet-connected TVs, e.g. Samsung Yahoo Widgets TV • set-top boxes, e.g. Boxee Box, Apple TV and GoogleTV • apps to control interaction with second screen, e.g. • MythTV, XBMC & Boxee iPhone/ Android remote controlsWednesday, June 8, 2011 11
  12. 12. APPS FOR INTERACTION • media directory apps: • majority are incapable of interacting with TV or Web players, e.g. ‘Radio Times TV guide’ • apps for specific programs or events, e.g. `The Million Pound Drop show, PickLive: playing along during football matchesWednesday, June 8, 2011 12
  13. 13. ALL THIS RESULTS IN SILOS we see fragmented solutions where people need specific hardware/software to participate in TV appsWednesday, June 8, 2011 13
  14. 14. SILOS POSE PROBLEMS FOR USERS & BROADCASTERS • difficult for people to participate • difficult for broadcasters to monitor what’s going on • potential value for participants is lost • potential value for right holders (e.g. increased and engaged audience, and feedback) is lost • too much focus on formats & protocols instead of creative solutionsWednesday, June 8, 2011 14
  15. 15. KEY CHALLENGES what problems do social TV developers need to solve?Wednesday, June 8, 2011 15
  16. 16. CHALLENGES FOR SOCIAL TV DEVELOPERS 1.How do we know what the person is watching? •Both for broadcast and on-demand, we need to know in the form of some kind of unique identifiers. 2.How do we locate additional information about the program? •Given a unique identifier for a program, we need to locate information, not broadcasted along with the program itself.Wednesday, June 8, 2011 16
  17. 17. CHALLENGES FOR SOCIAL TV DEVELOPERS 3.How do we locate apps or Web pages related to it? • In addition, we need program-specific applications to be launched, or Web pages to be navigated to (seamlessly delivering complex applications using Web technologies without locate-download-install-launch difficulties). 4.How can we manipulate it? • We need a second screen environment for users to manipulate the content, provide playback control, interact with first screen.Wednesday, June 8, 2011 17
  18. 18. GUIDELINESWednesday, June 8, 2011 18
  19. 19. I. RETHINK THE ROLE OF METADATA • let metadata advert the content: let it flow freely in the public web and find its viewers • make metadata public and open: open in formats & licenses drawing users via 3rd party apps • rights issues: nothing compared to content rights metadata is scaffolding for Future Web & TVWednesday, June 8, 2011 19
  20. 20. EXAMPLE: • the BBC Backstage work with TV anytime shows the result in the form of very creative appsWednesday, June 8, 2011 20
  21. 21. Wednesday, June 8, 2011 21
  22. 22. II. CREATE URLS FOR CONTENT ITEMS • easy sharing of info by giving programs a life through a URL: • resolvable, machine processable URLs (JSON, RDF) • for sharing information (about content), e.g. Wikipedia, IMDB • for relating program instances cross broadcaster, e.g. aggregated matching & discovery in the international Global Web program URLs makes it alive in the social webWednesday, June 8, 2011 22
  23. 23. EXAMPLE: BBC /PROGRAMShttp://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00ry8lb http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbcfour/programmes/genres/dramaWednesday, June 8, 2011 23
  24. 24. III. AGREE ON OPEN APIS • to allow other apps to access & control TV playing device/app/web page • what to see, e.g. change channel, play, pause • to allow other apps to access metadata • content identification • user identification / authentication • standards-based communication between controlling & controlled devices open APIs for access & controlWednesday, June 8, 2011 24
  25. 25. EXAMPLE: APIS FOR RECORDING, ANNOTATION & SEARCH • smart phone-to-TV API, e.g. bookmarking, tag, annotate content • Web-based OAuth API for sharing activities streamsWednesday, June 8, 2011 25
  26. 26. BENEFITS benefits for all stakeholdersWednesday, June 8, 2011 26
  27. 27. I. BENEFITS TO AUDIENCES • expect diverse, attractive, and accessible software & hardware remotes • more creative apps for viewing what to watch on TV (phone, tablet etc.) and easier text entry • simpler access to program info, for sharing in social web • better second screen TV apps • better recommendationsWednesday, June 8, 2011 27
  28. 28. II. BENEFITS TO CONTENT PRODUCERS • less fragmented audience • more participation & interest • ability to track aggregate usage and market that (from broadcast via on-demand to archive)Wednesday, June 8, 2011 28
  29. 29. III. BENEFITS TO DEVELOPERS • manufacturersand developers have open and well- documented APIs to supportWednesday, June 8, 2011 29
  30. 30. BENCHMARK guidelines for NoTuble metadata and appsWednesday, June 8, 2011 30
  31. 31. HOW NOTUBLE IS YOUR METADATA? • as a guideline and as a benchmark for TV metadata, we use a 5-star scheme to judge TV metadata make metadata available publicly (open license) make metadata available in open format create URLs for content items link to additional items use the linking to personalize (& socialize)Wednesday, June 8, 2011 31
  32. 32. NOTUBLE METADATA • this schema helps to determine the added value of metadata, for example: • content availability (restricted by country 0.1 point, payed content 0.1 point, free everywhere 1 point ) • metadata licensing (can others reuse the metadata) • metadata schema quality (e.g. using standard schemas like tv-anytime) • amount of metadata (only title, or much more) • conceptualization or just keywords etc • reuse of identifiersWednesday, June 8, 2011 32
  33. 33. USER MODELING • personalization implies & assumes user (usage) modeling • benefits both sides • better experience, more engagement • better analysis of usage, better marketing personalization not a burden (for providers) but an opportunityWednesday, June 8, 2011 33
  34. 34. MAKING NEW CONNECTIONS • specific & meaningful connections between: • existing information about people from the Social WebWednesday, June 8, 2011 34
  35. 35. MAKING NEW CONNECTIONS • specific & meaningful connections between: • existing information about people from the Social Web • data about video content provided by broadcastersWednesday, June 8, 2011 35
  36. 36. MAKING NEW CONNECTIONS • specific & meaningful connections between: • existing information about people from the Social Web • data about video content provided by broadcastersWednesday, June 8, 2011 35
  37. 37. MAKING NEW CONNECTIONS • specific & meaningful connections between: • existing information about people from the Social Web • data about video content provided by broadcasters • supplement video data with background knowledgeWednesday, June 8, 2011 36
  38. 38. MAKING NEW CONNECTIONS • specific & meaningful connections between: • existing information about people from the Social Web • data about video content provided by broadcasters • supplement video data with background knowledgeWednesday, June 8, 2011 36
  39. 39. ACTIVITY-BASED USER PROFILES • an example of advanced user modeling is the use of BBC Linked Data in the generation of activity-based user profiles • NoTube Beancounter can use DBpedia but also BBC PIDs in Twitter-based profiling • used for recommendation on the basis of social activity • other examples following similar approach, e.g. music-related recommendation based on music-related social dataWednesday, June 8, 2011 37
  40. 40. Wednesday, June 8, 2011 38
  41. 41. Wednesday, June 8, 2011 39
  42. 42. Wednesday, June 8, 2011 39
  43. 43. Wednesday, June 8, 2011 39
  44. 44. Wednesday, June 8, 2011 39
  45. 45. SEMANTICS-BASED RECOMMENDATION • in NoTube recommendations are based on user TV viewing & Social Web activities • through the semantic relations, recommendations are given for people, programs, channels and for genres (a rich, multi-faceted approach) • exploring pattern-based recommendations on top of LOD semantics • integrating classical statistical approaches for related programsWednesday, June 8, 2011 40
  46. 46. LOD PATTERNS & CONCEPT MATCH • direct match in LOD concepts • creative influence • creative participationWednesday, June 8, 2011 41
  47. 47. RECOMMENDING & INTERACTING IN GROUPS • people want to share (TV) experiences • integration with (social) web allows for recommending for & interacting with groups • typical trade-off watching TV - remaining in social group • challenge to support social processes for trade-off • examples: multi-user device (touch table), using social networking systems to vote & discussWednesday, June 8, 2011 42
  48. 48. SOCIAL TV SHOULD ENABLE • Conversation: back-channel, recommendation & community • content is the king; conversation is the content on web2 • conversation is the king • Gamification: playful, engaging & participative • Personalization: users contribution, relevant & their stories credit: Gary HayesWednesday, June 8, 2011 43
  49. 49. COMMUNITY-BASED EXPERIENCE not a single TV-viewer activity any moreWednesday, June 8, 2011 44
  50. 50. SOCIAL VIEWING SCENARIOS for more details check out our blog at http://notube.tvWednesday, June 8, 2011 45
  51. 51. ADAPT INDIVIDUAL SECOND SCREEN EXPERIENCE for more details check out our blog at http://notube.tvWednesday, June 8, 2011 46
  52. 52. HOW NOTUBLE IS YOUR APP? • we extend this benchmark from metadata towards applications and software: use NoTuble metadata provide open APIs for accessing metadata provide open APIs for controlling devicesWednesday, June 8, 2011 47
  53. 53. STANDARDS • in this open evolution, a lot is already happening. • the industry shows many different parties offering partial solutions • W3C can help with API, protocols, specifications • NoTube aims for NoTuble benchmarks towards a coherent Web & TV ecosystemWednesday, June 8, 2011 48
  54. 54. OPPORTUNITIES • engage through gaming, make sharing and feedback more playful, e.g. rewards, sense of progress, curiosity • linked content allows to find alternative versions better fitting conditions of multilinguality and accessibility • Twitter for individual, collaborative, trending recommendations • support process of endorsement, e.g. celebritiesWednesday, June 8, 2011 49
  55. 55. TAKE HOME MESSAGE Integration of TV & (Social) WebWednesday, June 8, 2011 50
  56. 56. rethinking the role of metadata as advertisement for programs allowing API access to TV devices using URLs for program identification URLs are the foundation for the web URLs can be the foundation for the Web & TV ecosystem linking data is easier than linking devices so, focus on metadata & URLs as well as APIs for Web&TV would lower costs and foster creativity, and thereby benefit consumers as well as providers and manufacturersWednesday, June 8, 2011 51
  57. 57. • Stay tuned: • http://notube.tv • http://notube.tv/#blog • @notube, #notube • http://delicious.com/notube • public-notube@few.vu.nl • Videos: • http://vimeo.com/user3487770Wednesday, June 8, 2011 52
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