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Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09
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Armytage: Justice in Asia, OUP Launch # 21.01.09

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Launch: Searching for Success in Judicial Reform in Asia, 2009.

Launch: Searching for Success in Judicial Reform in Asia, 2009.

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  • 1. Asia Pacific Judicial Reform Forum Round Table Meeting 19-21 January, 2009, Singapore Searching for Success in Judicial Reform Livingston Armytage Technical Editor CENTRE FOR JUDICIAL STUDIES www.educatingjudges.com
  • 2. <ul><ul><li>Ten challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stock-take </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frontier issues </li></ul></ul>The Regional Experience
  • 3. <ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Donors </li></ul><ul><li>Training + development </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul>Ten challenges
  • 4. <ul><li>What are we trying to achieve? </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumentalist Economic growth; state and markets; institutions of title + contract; top-down; ‘thin’ reforms [Weber, North…] (World Bank/MDG’s) </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutive Human-centred; freedom, opportunity, equality, rights; participation; bottom-up; ‘thick’ reforms [Rawls, Sen …] (UNDP, Danida …) </li></ul><ul><li>Others Rule of law +/- democracy (USAID); good governance (WBI, TI); safety + security, post-conflict (DfID) … </li></ul>1. Purpose
  • 5. <ul><li>Ownership: whose agenda? </li></ul><ul><li>Home-grown reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-active role </li></ul><ul><li>Access to justice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A2J to the courts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A2J through the courts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Managing the human factor </li></ul>2. Leadership
  • 6. <ul><li>Integration in national reform agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Critical, sensitive, complex, nuanced </li></ul><ul><li>Engagement not isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Key relationships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collaborative partnerships </li></ul>3. Independence
  • 7. 4. Community <ul><li>Inclusion: who are reform stakeholders? </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership + participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ownership, authenticity, sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs assessment, implementation, evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supply + demand sides </li></ul><ul><li>Coalitions: non-state actors + civil society </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-poor development </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><ul><li>Whose agenda (again)? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Role – support and facilitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning, local systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monterrey (2002), Marrakech (2004), Paris (2005), Accra (2008) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination, competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability – dependence, feasibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change management: realistic time-frames </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisational learning … </li></ul></ul>5. Donors
  • 9. <ul><ul><li>Indispensable but insufficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration with related strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Incentives for behavioural change </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Structural + systemic reforms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedagogy - educational effectiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judges as learners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training-of-Judge Trainers (ToJT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Court-owned, judge-led </li></ul></ul>6. Training + Development
  • 10. 7. Capacity <ul><li>What is capacity-building? </li></ul><ul><li>Limits of short-term assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional strategies for generational change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human rights, gender equality, corruption, impunity … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resource scarcity; development cost </li></ul>
  • 11. 8. Integration <ul><li>Critical interdependency – reform packages </li></ul><ul><li>Size + complexity = difficulty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>feasibility, not resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Towards sector-wide approaches (SWAps) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>latest elixir? </li></ul></ul>
  • 12. 9. Data <ul><li>Getting more serious: empirical approach </li></ul><ul><li>Accurate accessible reliable data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keeping IT simple – feasible solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence-based decision-making </li></ul>
  • 13. 10. Results <ul><li>Lack of results, or evidence? </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>accountability v effectiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>process v results </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluate how? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>scientific v participatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>causality, attribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>time, cost, rigour </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purpose + results: planning + evaluation if you don’t know where you’re going, any road will take you there </li></ul>
  • 14. Stock-take <ul><li>Courts are seizing reformist role to improve justice </li></ul><ul><li>Orthodoxy - economic development, good governance, safety and security </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging - equality, opportunity, fairness, rights </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence of development merit and potential </li></ul><ul><li>One size does not fit all </li></ul><ul><li>Uneven, fragile foundations </li></ul>
  • 15. Frontier Issues <ul><li>Refine purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Improve data, empirical approach </li></ul><ul><li>Learning by doing innovation, evaluation, refinement </li></ul><ul><li>Engagement with stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Political-economy factors </li></ul><ul><li>influences of political institutions, economic systems and law </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on effectiveness, results. </li></ul>
  • 16. Possible next steps <ul><li>Extend APJRF program </li></ul><ul><li>Promote exchange of experience </li></ul><ul><li>Support to facilitate implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Local workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory how-to-do-it guides … </li></ul>

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