Esp theories of learning

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Esp theories of learning

  1. 1. Theories of Learning<br />
  2. 2. Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day.<br />Teach a man how to fish and you feed him for a lifetime. <br />(Chinese Proverb)<br />
  3. 3. The structure and process of the Mind<br />VS<br />the analysis <br />of the nature<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. The History of Theories<br /><ul><li>Comenius’ studies
  6. 6. The Direct Method
  7. 7. No Coherent theory… till the 20th century</li></li></ul><li>Behaviourism: learning as habit formation<br />Based on the work of Pavlov and Skinner<br />Proved the Audiolingual Method<br />Principles<br />Never<br /> translate<br />Errors – corrected immediately<br />Follow the sequence hear – speak – read- write<br />Frequent repetition<br />Drills<br />
  8. 8. Mentalism: <br />thinking as rule-governed activity<br />The failure of the Behaviourism:<br />
  9. 9. Forming <br />habits<br />VS<br />Acquiring<br /> rules<br />
  10. 10. Cognitive code:<br /> learners as thinking beings<br />
  11. 11. The learner<br />a passive receiver of information <br />(the behaviourist theory)<br />an active processor of information <br />(the cognitive theory)<br />
  12. 12. The problem-solving task<br /> is the basic teaching technique<br />
  13. 13. Sources<br /> aimed at teaching reading strategies<br /> are developed<br />
  14. 14. Learners are at the centre of the learning process<br />
  15. 15. The cognitive theory<br />
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Learning<br />(a conscious process)<br />Acquisition<br />(an unconscious process)<br />
  18. 18. A model for learning<br />
  19. 19. network <br />connections <br />
  20. 20. A need to acquire knowledge is a necessary factor but the learner should enjoy the process of acquisition!<br />
  21. 21. Conclusion<br />Eclectic approach:<br /><ul><li>Don`t base any approach too narrowly on one theory;
  22. 22. Take useful points in each theory;
  23. 23. Trust in the evidence of your own teaching experience;</li></ul>Theories of learning and language descriptions are not casually linked;<br />
  24. 24. Thank you <br />for your Attention!<br />

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