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Edu 290 the first thanksgiving

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  • With Thanksgiving coming up, we are going to discuss the first thanksgiving!
  • So the first thing you have to know about are the pilgrimsPilgrims were a group of religious people from EnglandThey were Separatists and wanted to split from the Church of England and that is why they fled from England to America
  • The Mayflower weighed 180 tons…that’s about the same as 30 adult elephantsOn Sept 6 1620 the Mayflower left England with 102 passengers seeking religious freedom
  • The pilgrims planned to set course for Virginia right around Jamestown where Englishmen had previously settledThe pilgrims first landed in Plymouth MA and walked on Plymouth rockThe exact location has never been questioned because its location has been passed down from father to son from the beginning
  • It was signed on the Mayflower on its way to America
  • Native Americans had lived in the area for thousands of years before the pilgrims settled.The Wampanoag were the tribe who were living in the Massachusetts area.
  • They were religious people they gave thanks for the gifts from Mother Earth and believed in the cycle of life
  • HousesFoodChores
  • As a part of their religion Pilgrims always celebrate a day of thanks during the week, but it wasn’t always celebrated with a giant feastWe celebrate Thanksgiving today because the Pilgrims wanted to thank the Native Americans for their help with the first successful fall harvest. To celebrate they had a feast
  • The feast lasted 3 days so there were breakfasts, lunches, and dinners“Indian Pudding” was made with cornmeal, molasses, and topped with sweet wine
  • The relationship between the Wampanoag and he Pilgrims was not as friendly after the Thanksgiving feastAs more and more British settlers came to Massachusetts they tried to push out the Wampanoag tribe in order to have more room and land for themselves.The British tried to trick the Wampanoag men by giving them alcohol, getting them drunk, and then getting them to sign land sale papersThe chief of the Wampanoag tried to put an end to this, but when the British refused a war soon began.The British won and took many lives. They sent many survivors into slavery and the rest into hidingThe Wampanoag were outlawed to live in the Massachusetts area after the war.
  • Lincoln declared actually declared 2 national Thanksgivings. One in August to remember the Battle of Gettysburg and the second one in November for “general blessings”Macy’s Day Parade tradition started in 1924
  • Transcript

    • 1. The First Thanksgiving
      Elementary Level
    • 2. Pilgrims
      http://lifethegreatestgiftofall.blogspot.com/2010_11_01_archive.html
      Pilgrims were originally from England
      Pilgrim men were mostly farmers
      Pilgrim women took care of the home
      Pilgrims were religious people
      Separatists
      Information according to mayflowerfamilies.com
      (http://www.mayflowerfamilies.com/colonial_life/pilgrims.htm)
    • 3. What Did Pilgrims Wear?
      Boys
      Knee length pants called Breeches
      Stockings
      Doublet - short coat
      “belts” – tied their breeches to their doublets
      Girls
      Garters – to hold up stockings
      Petticoats
      Shirt Jacket called a waistcoat
      Coif – tight fitting hat
      A pocket – looked like a small bag tied around the waist
      Information according to scholastic.com
      (http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/)
    • 4. What Did Pilgrims Wear?
      Boys
      Girls
      http://web.ccsd.k12.wy.us/techcurr/social%20studies/images/pilman.jpg
      http://web.ccsd.k12.wy.us/techcurr/social%20studies/images/pilwom.jpg
    • 5. Mayflower
      Weighed 180 tons
      The Voyage took place in 1620
      Over 3,000 miles
      http://www.abcteach.com/free/m/mayflowerrgb.jpg
      Information according to scholastic.com
      (http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/)
    • 6. Plymouth Rock
      The pilgrims were originally bound for Virginia
      Plymouth rock marks the place where the Pilgrims first landed
      Very important symbol in American History
      Information according to mayflowerhistory.com and ushistory.org
      (http://www.mayflowerhistory.com/History/tour5.php) and
      (http://www.ushistory.org/us/)
      http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_euq4iPQ9iQk/TMtTl_wzqiI/AAAAAAAACkE/Fn9RxcsIkB8/s1600/The-Pilgrims-Landing,-Novem.jpg
    • 7. The Mayflower Compact
      Signed in 1620
      Recognized their loyalty to the King of England
      Decided that the Pilgrims would govern themselves
      Information according to ushistory.org
      http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/revolution/revgfx/may-compact.jpg
    • 8. Native Americans
      Wampanoag – tribe living in the Massachusetts area
      Fish, hunt, and farm for food for many years
      The Wampanoag knew the land very well
      Information according to scholastic and native-languages (http://www.native-languages.org/wampanoag.htm)
      (http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving)
      http://www.foodgarbl.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/First_Thanksgiving.jpg
    • 9. Wampanoag
      Name means “eastern people”, “Land where the sun comes up first”, or “People of the First Light”
      Spoke Algonquin language
      Hunters and Gatherers
      Clothing was made of deer skin
      Wampanoag Spiritualism
      Thankful for the generous gifts from Mother Earth
      Information according to scholastic.com and native-languages
      (http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=7587 and http://www.native-languages.org/wampanoag.htm)
    • 10. Daily Life
      Pilgrims
      Much like an English cottage
      Duck, cornbread, curds, pudding, shellfish
      Plant and harvest their crop, tending to the fires, cutting fire wood, fertilize the garden, and fetching water
      Wampanoag
      Wetus – saplings bent in shape covered with woven grass
      Fish, rabbit, squirrel, turkey, deer
      Bury food as winter draws near, fetching water and fire wood
      Information according to scholastic.com (http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/)
    • 11. Daily Life
      Pilgrims
      Wampanoag
      http://www.bostonkids.org/educators/wampanoag/images/sa-wetu.jpg
      http://ed101.bu.edu/StudentDoc/current/ED101fa10/reillys/Images/pilgrimhomestead.jpg
    • 12. The First Thanksgiving Feast
      Pilgrims always celebrated a day of giving thanks
      The holiday started because the Pilgrims celebrated their first successful crop harvest with a feast with the Native Americans
      http://www.deaflion.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/First-Thanksgiving1.jpg
    • 13. Food
      Venison
      Goose
      Duck
      Turkey
      Fish
      Cornbread
      http://urban-review.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/The-first-Thanksgiving-150x150.png
      Information according to http://www.ushistory.org/us/
    • 14. After the Feast
      More British settlers came to the Massachusetts area
      They tried to relocate the Wampanoag
      British would try to trick the Wampanoag men
      Gave them alcohol and made agreements while they were drunk
      A war was started soon after this practice began
      The British settlers destroyed the tribe and sent survivors into slavery and into hiding
      They also took over Massachusetts land preventing the Wampanoag from living there anymore
      Information found at native-languages (http://www.native-languages.org/wampanoag.htm)
    • 15. Modern Traditions
      1863 – Thanksgiving was declared a national holiday
      Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade
      Thanksgiving dinner with family
      Turkey
      Cranberries
      Stuffing
      Sweet potatoes
      Pumpkin Pie
      Information according to kids.nationalgeographic.com
      http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQL0cjk6fljrRZVld6pu3q9ReVdHafOj8nmXsKJ2CRMpdz2MId5
      What are your Thanksgiving traditions?
    • 16. Information Found:
      http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/
      http://www.mayflowerfamilies.com/colonial_life/pilgrims.htm
      http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/stories/history/first-thanksgiving/
      http://www.mayflowerhistory.com/History/tour5.php
      http://www.native-languages.org/wampanoag.htm
      http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=7587
      http://www.ushistory.org/us/
      Picture on first slide: http://cdn.babble.com/famecrawler/files/2010/11/Thanksgiving.jpg

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