With Thanksgiving coming up, we are going to discuss the first thanksgiving!
So the first thing you have to know about are the pilgrimsPilgrims were a group of religious people from EnglandThey were Separatists and wanted to split from the Church of England and that is why they fled from England to America
The Mayflower weighed 180 tons…that’s about the same as 30 adult elephantsOn Sept 6 1620 the Mayflower left England with 102 passengers seeking religious freedom
The pilgrims planned to set course for Virginia right around Jamestown where Englishmen had previously settledThe pilgrims first landed in Plymouth MA and walked on Plymouth rockThe exact location has never been questioned because its location has been passed down from father to son from the beginning
It was signed on the Mayflower on its way to America
Native Americans had lived in the area for thousands of years before the pilgrims settled.The Wampanoag were the tribe who were living in the Massachusetts area.
They were religious people they gave thanks for the gifts from Mother Earth and believed in the cycle of life
As a part of their religion Pilgrims always celebrate a day of thanks during the week, but it wasn’t always celebrated with a giant feastWe celebrate Thanksgiving today because the Pilgrims wanted to thank the Native Americans for their help with the first successful fall harvest. To celebrate they had a feast
The feast lasted 3 days so there were breakfasts, lunches, and dinners“Indian Pudding” was made with cornmeal, molasses, and topped with sweet wine
The relationship between the Wampanoag and he Pilgrims was not as friendly after the Thanksgiving feastAs more and more British settlers came to Massachusetts they tried to push out the Wampanoag tribe in order to have more room and land for themselves.The British tried to trick the Wampanoag men by giving them alcohol, getting them drunk, and then getting them to sign land sale papersThe chief of the Wampanoag tried to put an end to this, but when the British refused a war soon began.The British won and took many lives. They sent many survivors into slavery and the rest into hidingThe Wampanoag were outlawed to live in the Massachusetts area after the war.
Lincoln declared actually declared 2 national Thanksgivings. One in August to remember the Battle of Gettysburg and the second one in November for “general blessings”Macy’s Day Parade tradition started in 1924
The First Thanksgiving Elementary Level
Pilgrims http://lifethegreatestgiftofall.blogspot.com/2010_11_01_archive.html Pilgrims were originally from England Pilgrim men were mostly farmers Pilgrim women took care of the home Pilgrims were religious people Separatists Information according to mayflowerfamilies.com (http://www.mayflowerfamilies.com/colonial_life/pilgrims.htm)
What Did Pilgrims Wear? Boys Knee length pants called Breeches Stockings Doublet - short coat “belts” – tied their breeches to their doublets Girls Garters – to hold up stockings Petticoats Shirt Jacket called a waistcoat Coif – tight fitting hat A pocket – looked like a small bag tied around the waist Information according to scholastic.com (http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/)
What Did Pilgrims Wear? Boys Girls http://web.ccsd.k12.wy.us/techcurr/social%20studies/images/pilman.jpg http://web.ccsd.k12.wy.us/techcurr/social%20studies/images/pilwom.jpg
Mayflower Weighed 180 tons The Voyage took place in 1620 Over 3,000 miles http://www.abcteach.com/free/m/mayflowerrgb.jpg Information according to scholastic.com (http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/)
Plymouth Rock The pilgrims were originally bound for Virginia Plymouth rock marks the place where the Pilgrims first landed Very important symbol in American History Information according to mayflowerhistory.com and ushistory.org (http://www.mayflowerhistory.com/History/tour5.php) and (http://www.ushistory.org/us/) http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_euq4iPQ9iQk/TMtTl_wzqiI/AAAAAAAACkE/Fn9RxcsIkB8/s1600/The-Pilgrims-Landing,-Novem.jpg
The Mayflower Compact Signed in 1620 Recognized their loyalty to the King of England Decided that the Pilgrims would govern themselves Information according to ushistory.org http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/revolution/revgfx/may-compact.jpg
Native Americans Wampanoag – tribe living in the Massachusetts area Fish, hunt, and farm for food for many years The Wampanoag knew the land very well Information according to scholastic and native-languages (http://www.native-languages.org/wampanoag.htm) (http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving) http://www.foodgarbl.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/First_Thanksgiving.jpg
Wampanoag Name means “eastern people”, “Land where the sun comes up first”, or “People of the First Light” Spoke Algonquin language Hunters and Gatherers Clothing was made of deer skin Wampanoag Spiritualism Thankful for the generous gifts from Mother Earth Information according to scholastic.com and native-languages (http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=7587 and http://www.native-languages.org/wampanoag.htm)
Daily Life Pilgrims Much like an English cottage Duck, cornbread, curds, pudding, shellfish Plant and harvest their crop, tending to the fires, cutting fire wood, fertilize the garden, and fetching water Wampanoag Wetus – saplings bent in shape covered with woven grass Fish, rabbit, squirrel, turkey, deer Bury food as winter draws near, fetching water and fire wood Information according to scholastic.com (http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/)
Daily Life Pilgrims Wampanoag http://www.bostonkids.org/educators/wampanoag/images/sa-wetu.jpg http://ed101.bu.edu/StudentDoc/current/ED101fa10/reillys/Images/pilgrimhomestead.jpg
The First Thanksgiving Feast Pilgrims always celebrated a day of giving thanks The holiday started because the Pilgrims celebrated their first successful crop harvest with a feast with the Native Americans http://www.deaflion.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/First-Thanksgiving1.jpg
Food Venison Goose Duck Turkey Fish Cornbread http://urban-review.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/The-first-Thanksgiving-150x150.png Information according to http://www.ushistory.org/us/
After the Feast More British settlers came to the Massachusetts area They tried to relocate the Wampanoag British would try to trick the Wampanoag men Gave them alcohol and made agreements while they were drunk A war was started soon after this practice began The British settlers destroyed the tribe and sent survivors into slavery and into hiding They also took over Massachusetts land preventing the Wampanoag from living there anymore Information found at native-languages (http://www.native-languages.org/wampanoag.htm)
Modern Traditions 1863 – Thanksgiving was declared a national holiday Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade Thanksgiving dinner with family Turkey Cranberries Stuffing Sweet potatoes Pumpkin Pie Information according to kids.nationalgeographic.com http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQL0cjk6fljrRZVld6pu3q9ReVdHafOj8nmXsKJ2CRMpdz2MId5 What are your Thanksgiving traditions?
Information Found: http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/ http://www.mayflowerfamilies.com/colonial_life/pilgrims.htm http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/stories/history/first-thanksgiving/ http://www.mayflowerhistory.com/History/tour5.php http://www.native-languages.org/wampanoag.htm http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=7587 http://www.ushistory.org/us/ Picture on first slide: http://cdn.babble.com/famecrawler/files/2010/11/Thanksgiving.jpg