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Edu 290 the first thanksgiving
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Edu 290 the first thanksgiving



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  • With Thanksgiving coming up, we are going to discuss the first thanksgiving!
  • So the first thing you have to know about are the pilgrimsPilgrims were a group of religious people from EnglandThey were Separatists and wanted to split from the Church of England and that is why they fled from England to America
  • The Mayflower weighed 180 tons…that’s about the same as 30 adult elephantsOn Sept 6 1620 the Mayflower left England with 102 passengers seeking religious freedom
  • The pilgrims planned to set course for Virginia right around Jamestown where Englishmen had previously settledThe pilgrims first landed in Plymouth MA and walked on Plymouth rockThe exact location has never been questioned because its location has been passed down from father to son from the beginning
  • It was signed on the Mayflower on its way to America
  • Native Americans had lived in the area for thousands of years before the pilgrims settled.The Wampanoag were the tribe who were living in the Massachusetts area.
  • They were religious people they gave thanks for the gifts from Mother Earth and believed in the cycle of life
  • HousesFoodChores
  • As a part of their religion Pilgrims always celebrate a day of thanks during the week, but it wasn’t always celebrated with a giant feastWe celebrate Thanksgiving today because the Pilgrims wanted to thank the Native Americans for their help with the first successful fall harvest. To celebrate they had a feast
  • The feast lasted 3 days so there were breakfasts, lunches, and dinners“Indian Pudding” was made with cornmeal, molasses, and topped with sweet wine
  • The relationship between the Wampanoag and he Pilgrims was not as friendly after the Thanksgiving feastAs more and more British settlers came to Massachusetts they tried to push out the Wampanoag tribe in order to have more room and land for themselves.The British tried to trick the Wampanoag men by giving them alcohol, getting them drunk, and then getting them to sign land sale papersThe chief of the Wampanoag tried to put an end to this, but when the British refused a war soon began.The British won and took many lives. They sent many survivors into slavery and the rest into hidingThe Wampanoag were outlawed to live in the Massachusetts area after the war.
  • Lincoln declared actually declared 2 national Thanksgivings. One in August to remember the Battle of Gettysburg and the second one in November for “general blessings”Macy’s Day Parade tradition started in 1924


  • 1. The First Thanksgiving
    Elementary Level
  • 2. Pilgrims
    Pilgrims were originally from England
    Pilgrim men were mostly farmers
    Pilgrim women took care of the home
    Pilgrims were religious people
    Information according to
  • 3. What Did Pilgrims Wear?
    Knee length pants called Breeches
    Doublet - short coat
    “belts” – tied their breeches to their doublets
    Garters – to hold up stockings
    Shirt Jacket called a waistcoat
    Coif – tight fitting hat
    A pocket – looked like a small bag tied around the waist
    Information according to
  • 4. What Did Pilgrims Wear?
  • 5. Mayflower
    Weighed 180 tons
    The Voyage took place in 1620
    Over 3,000 miles
    Information according to
  • 6. Plymouth Rock
    The pilgrims were originally bound for Virginia
    Plymouth rock marks the place where the Pilgrims first landed
    Very important symbol in American History
    Information according to and
    ( and
  • 7. The Mayflower Compact
    Signed in 1620
    Recognized their loyalty to the King of England
    Decided that the Pilgrims would govern themselves
    Information according to
  • 8. Native Americans
    Wampanoag – tribe living in the Massachusetts area
    Fish, hunt, and farm for food for many years
    The Wampanoag knew the land very well
    Information according to scholastic and native-languages (
  • 9. Wampanoag
    Name means “eastern people”, “Land where the sun comes up first”, or “People of the First Light”
    Spoke Algonquin language
    Hunters and Gatherers
    Clothing was made of deer skin
    Wampanoag Spiritualism
    Thankful for the generous gifts from Mother Earth
    Information according to and native-languages
    ( and
  • 10. Daily Life
    Much like an English cottage
    Duck, cornbread, curds, pudding, shellfish
    Plant and harvest their crop, tending to the fires, cutting fire wood, fertilize the garden, and fetching water
    Wetus – saplings bent in shape covered with woven grass
    Fish, rabbit, squirrel, turkey, deer
    Bury food as winter draws near, fetching water and fire wood
    Information according to (
  • 11. Daily Life
  • 12. The First Thanksgiving Feast
    Pilgrims always celebrated a day of giving thanks
    The holiday started because the Pilgrims celebrated their first successful crop harvest with a feast with the Native Americans
  • 13. Food
    Information according to
  • 14. After the Feast
    More British settlers came to the Massachusetts area
    They tried to relocate the Wampanoag
    British would try to trick the Wampanoag men
    Gave them alcohol and made agreements while they were drunk
    A war was started soon after this practice began
    The British settlers destroyed the tribe and sent survivors into slavery and into hiding
    They also took over Massachusetts land preventing the Wampanoag from living there anymore
    Information found at native-languages (
  • 15. Modern Traditions
    1863 – Thanksgiving was declared a national holiday
    Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade
    Thanksgiving dinner with family
    Sweet potatoes
    Pumpkin Pie
    Information according to
    What are your Thanksgiving traditions?
  • 16. Information Found:
    Picture on first slide: