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Theme1.big history

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  • 1. Big History
    By: Larissa Renwick
    History 140 Online #71183
    Theme 1: Big History
  • 2. Big History
    • Big History is a study of history from the very beginning that allows us to see the “big picture”
    • 3. Big history uses many forms of science to bring to light the many different elements that play a role in history including: astronomy, biology, & geology. This gives us a macro view of the events that have taken place and allows us to see which elements played which part.
    • 4. Big History starts from the “Big Bang” when scientists believe our earth was created to today.
  • The Journey of Man
    • Scientists believe that man spore from a single man approximately 60,000 years ago that lived in Africa. This conclusion was drawn from DNA studies. Spencer Wells, a geneticist, traveled the world looking for Y chromosomes.
    • 5. Chromosomes mutate over time leaving clues about the history of man’s origination and migration patterns.
    • 6. Wells also studied the pattern of migration amongst early humans which led to a better understanding of humans today. Why they live certain places and even the reason for their skin color.
  • The Journey Of Man Cont’d
    • The study of DNA samples collected shows that humans migrated from Africa through India and Australia.
    • 7. Europe was not populated with human life till after the migration from Africa to India and Australia. It took humans another 10,000 years.
    • 8. Although humans migrated from Africa, Wells explains that our skin became lighter and lighter because of migration into the Northern Hemisphere.
    • 9. Studies show that humans migrated through Eurasia during the Ice Age.
    • 10. Amongst genetic proof of migration, there is also geologic evidence to support these migration patters.
  • The Day The Universe Changed
    • James Burke presents a philosophical idea that the universe only exists the way you perceive it suggesting that different knowledge could change the world as you know it.
    • 11. He visits the rationality of the Greeks throughout history. He explains how each person defended their version of truth and protected it with ritualism.
    • 12. Egyptians discover geometry which led to painting architecture and mapping.
    • 13. Burke suggests that throughout history new knowledge sparks questions that leads to advanced knowledge.
  • Catastrophe
    • A documentary produced by journalist: David Keys
    • 14. Catastrophes are events that change the course our lives
    • 15. Keys studied environmental catastrophes with many other scientists such as: historians, climatologist, physicists, astronomers, and more.
    • 16. Keys studied many different varieties of environmental catastrophes to understand how it shaped our world geographically as well as the roles that the catastrophes played amongst cultures.
    • 17. Keys states that the melting of the ice caps can create climate changes, volcanic eruptions, and other disasters that would change the world as we know it.
    • 18. Studies of tree rings suggest periods with no summers and long winters.
  • Guns, Germs & Steel
    • Written by Professor of Geography and Physiology
    • 19. The Professor’s goal was to discover why there is so much inequality in the world and what caused it.
    • 20. The Professor suggests that geology has a lot to do with the advance in societies versus other societies.
    • 21. He studied the ability of humans to store food, livestock and weapons.
    • 22. The Professor highlights the fact that societies unable to travel and isolated typically weren’t as advanced as other societies that could.
  • Guns, Germs & Steel Cont’d
    • Foreign travelers brought technology, disease and war which sometimes wiped out an entire community.
    • 23. Animal domestication started around 9,000 years ago which helped people with farming, hunting and other crucial tasks of survival.
    • 24. Farmers were more successful with the use of animals and new technology that assisted the with farming.
  • The World & Trade
    • Traveling introduced societies to new technology
    • 25. Traveling led societies to trade – some items for trade were as currency. EX: Spices & Caffeine.
    • 26. Travelling led to the discovery of new skills
    • 27. Columbus was invested in trading and he decided that trading directly with the customer was much more profitable.
  • The World & Trade Cont’d
    • Potatoes were a commodity because of their long shelf life.
    • 28. Tobacco and other drugs became popular for religious and recreational use. The most popular drug was cocoa.
    • 29. In the 14thcentury China was the most powerful empire in the world.
    • 30. Old World and New World trade increased creating globalization.