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Lara,Ameena,and Soroush's Powerpoint on Ethiopia


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  • 1. Ethiopia By: Lara, Soroush, Ameena
  • 2. Geography of the area
    • -Ethiopia is the world's 27th-largest country, after Colombia.
    • -The major part of Ethiopia lies on the horn of Africa.
    • -Sudan to the west, Djibouti and Eritrea to the north, Somalia to the east, and Kenya to the south.
    • -in the northeastern region of Africa
    • Deforestation is a major concern for Ethiopia, loss of forest brings to loss of nutrients and loss of animal habitats.
  • 3. Religion
    • -The main religion in Ethiopia are Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Paganism.
    • The majority of Ethiopians are Muslim.
    • Around 40% of Ethiopians are Muslims.
    • The Christians in Ethiopia were mostly Ethiopian Orthodox Christians.
    • Some Ethiopians claim to have Jewish ancestors who were forced to convert to Ethiopian Orthodox.
    • Many of those people are pursuing immigration to Israel.
  • 4. Culture
    • -The best known Ethiopian cooking consists of various vegetable or meat side dishes.
    • -It is forbidden for Ethiopians to eat pork or shellfish
    • -They usually eat from the same big dish in the center of the table with a group of people.
    • -Often, a woman will cover her head with a shash , a cloth that is tied at the neck.
    • -Ethiopia's most popular sport is Athletics, in which they win many medals for in the Olympic Games.
    • -The official language of Ethiopia is Amharic. This is spoken by about 27 million people.
    • - Most Ethiopians are farmers and herders. But deforestation, drought, and soil degradation have caused crop failures and famine during the past few decades; seven million people face starvation.
  • 5. Culture
    • -Traditional clothes in Ethiopia are made from traditional cloth called yahager lebs (clothes of the countryside), which is made of cotton and woven together in long stripes.
    • -It takes about two to three weeks to make enough cloth for a dress.
    • -Men wear pants and a knee-long shirt with a white collar, and a sweater. Men as well as women wear shawls.
    • -Women's dresses are called habesha qemis . The dresses are usually white with some color on the bottom.
    • -Bracelets and necklaces from silver and gold are worn on arms and feet to complete the look.
    • -Often, a woman will cover her head with a shash , a cloth that is tied at the neck.
  • 6. Natural Resources/Ethnic group
    • Ethiopia has small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas
    • Oromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%
  • 7. 2 Significant Rulers
    • Salomon III:
    • -He was the emperor of Ethiopia 1796-1797.
    • -He was part of Solomonic Dynasty ad did not rule for a very long time.
    • -Salomon was the son Tekle Haymanot.
    • -He was a rival of emperor Tekele Giyogris.
    • - Salomon was forced to flee Gondar, and took refuge in Axum.
    • Demetros:
    • -he ruled from 1799-1801.
    • -He was the son of Arqedewos.
    • -Emperor Demetros died by the time of Salts vist to northeren Ethiopia in 1809/1810.
    • -Demetros was desposed in 1800 in favor of Tekele Giyogris and was restored to the throne for a year after Tekele Giyogris disposal.
  • 8. Who are the people
    • There are about 76,511,880 people in Ethiopia
    • About 2.7% of the people are ages 65% and above.