UNIT 9: THEBIODIVERSITY OF THELIVING THINGS
BIODIVERSITY AND ADAPTION Biodiversity is the great variety of different forms of  life or species that form the biospher...
THE HISTORY OF LIFE ON EARTH:              EVOLUTION   Fossils are the remains of organisms or footprints of    past livi...
ACTIVITIES1. Explain what biodiversity is.2. Some aquatic animals like dolphins are not fish. How  have they adapted to mo...
ACTIVITIES4.The following definitions refer to…a) The variety of different forms of life in the  biosphere.b)The process o...
THE FIVE KINGDOMS Monera kingdom: Ex: Bacterias Protoctist kingdom: Protozoa and Algae. Fungi kingdom: Ex: Mould and Mu...
THE MONERA KINGDOM The Monera kingdom contains unicellular  prokaryotic organisms. Ex: Bacteria                          ...
THE PROTOCTIST KINGDOM Prtoctists are unicellular and multicellular  organisms. They are eukaryotes and never  form tissu...
ACTIVITIES1.Draw the different types of bacteria.2.The bacteria that live in our digestive system  help us digest food and...
4. Complete the following sentence:Cells of Protoctist kingdom are_____________ and cells of Monera kingdom are___________...
THE FUNGI KINGDOM Fungi are unicellular or multicellular organisms. They are eukaryotes and they have cellular wall. Th...
PARTS OF A FUNGI        1- Cap        2- Stalk        3- Volva        4-Hyphae-Mycelium                            Athlete...
ACTIVITIES1.Draw a mushroom in your notebook and  write the names of its parts.2.The three types of fungi nutrition are…3....
   1. Classify the following organism in the tables: tiger, deer,    tetanus bacteria, mushroom, cholera bacteria, pine t...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Unit 9. The biodiversity of the living things

1,971 views

Published on

1º ESO Bilingual section

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,971
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
435
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Unit 9. The biodiversity of the living things

  1. 1. UNIT 9: THEBIODIVERSITY OF THELIVING THINGS
  2. 2. BIODIVERSITY AND ADAPTION Biodiversity is the great variety of different forms of life or species that form the biosphere. They transform or evolve into different organisms or species over millions of years. Biological evolution is the slow and gradual changes that living beings have undergone in the history of the Earth.
  3. 3. THE HISTORY OF LIFE ON EARTH: EVOLUTION Fossils are the remains of organisms or footprints of past living things, which were buried under sediment that formed sedimentary rocks.
  4. 4. ACTIVITIES1. Explain what biodiversity is.2. Some aquatic animals like dolphins are not fish. How have they adapted to move in the water?3.What is biological evolution?
  5. 5. ACTIVITIES4.The following definitions refer to…a) The variety of different forms of life in the biosphere.b)The process of slow changes that living beings have undergone during the history.c)The remains of organisms that lived in the past.
  6. 6. THE FIVE KINGDOMS Monera kingdom: Ex: Bacterias Protoctist kingdom: Protozoa and Algae. Fungi kingdom: Ex: Mould and Mushrooms. Plant kingdom: Ex: Oak tree Animal kingdom: Ex: Dog
  7. 7. THE MONERA KINGDOM The Monera kingdom contains unicellular prokaryotic organisms. Ex: Bacteria Vibrio Nutrition: autotrophic or heterotrophic. Saprophytes, parasites, symbionts. Reproduction: Asexual, cell division. Types of bacteria:  Coccus: Spherical  Bacillus: Elongated  Vibrio: Curved  Spirillum: Spiral
  8. 8. THE PROTOCTIST KINGDOM Prtoctists are unicellular and multicellular organisms. They are eukaryotes and never form tissues. Types:  Protozoa: They are heterotrophs. Ex: Amoebae  Algae: They are autotrophs and perform photosynthesis.
  9. 9. ACTIVITIES1.Draw the different types of bacteria.2.The bacteria that live in our digestive system help us digest food and produce vitamins. Are they parasites, saprophytes or symbionts?3. The bacteria that live inside the root of leguminous plants are: a)Parasites b)Symbionts c)Autotrophs
  10. 10. 4. Complete the following sentence:Cells of Protoctist kingdom are_____________ and cells of Monera kingdom are_____________ which means they don’t have ______________.5.Complete the following sentence:Algae are____________ beacuse they make photosynthesis. Their cells have_______________ like the plants.
  11. 11. THE FUNGI KINGDOM Fungi are unicellular or multicellular organisms. They are eukaryotes and they have cellular wall. They dont’ form tissues. They are heterotrophs. Ex: Mould, yeast and mushroom. Nutrition: Saprophytes,Parasites, Symbionts. Reproduction: They produce cells called spores. Interaction: They live in the soil, in dark places.
  12. 12. PARTS OF A FUNGI 1- Cap 2- Stalk 3- Volva 4-Hyphae-Mycelium Athlete footYeast
  13. 13. ACTIVITIES1.Draw a mushroom in your notebook and write the names of its parts.2.The three types of fungi nutrition are…3.Copy and complete the sentences:a)The fungi’s cells are__________ and they have__________.b)Yeasts are _______________ fungi.
  14. 14.  1. Classify the following organism in the tables: tiger, deer, tetanus bacteria, mushroom, cholera bacteria, pine tree, rose, eagle, moss, paramecium, oak, camel, Mouse. Monera Protists Fungi Plant Animal Autotrophic nutrition Heterotrophic nutrition

×