Unit 4: Monera, Protoctist, Fungi and Plants

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Monera, Protoctist, Fungi and Plants

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Unit 4: Monera, Protoctist, Fungi and Plants

  1. 1. UNIT 4: MONERA, PROTOCTISTS, FUNGI AND PLANTS
  2. 2. THE MONERA KINGDOM <ul><li>The Monera kingdom contains unicellular prokaryotic organisms . Ex: Bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition: autotrophic or heterotrophic . </li></ul><ul><li>Saprophytes, parasites, symbionts. </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction: Asexual, cell division . </li></ul><ul><li>Types of bacteria: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coccus: Spherical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bacillus: Elongated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vibrio: Curved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spirillum: Spiral </li></ul></ul>Vibrio
  3. 3. THE PROTOCTIST KINGDOM <ul><li>Prtoctists are unicellular and multicellular organisms. They are eukaryotes and never form tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>Types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protozoa: They are heterotrophs . Ex: Amoebae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Algae: They are autotrophs and perform photosynthesis. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>1.Draw the different types of bacteria. </li></ul><ul><li>2.The bacteria that live in our digestive system help us digest food and produce vitamins. Are they parasites, saprophytes or symbionts? </li></ul><ul><li>3. The bacteria that live inside the root of leguminous plants are: </li></ul><ul><li>a)Parasites </li></ul><ul><li>b)Symbionts </li></ul><ul><li>c)Autotrophs </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>4. Complete the following sentence: </li></ul><ul><li>Cells of Protoctist kingdom are_____________ and cells of Monera kingdom are_____________ which means they don’t have ______________. </li></ul><ul><li>5.Complete the following sentence : </li></ul><ul><li>Algae are____________ beacuse they make photosynthesis. Their cells have_______________ like the plants. </li></ul>
  6. 6. THE FUNGI KINGDOM <ul><li>Fungi are unicellular or multicellular organisms. </li></ul><ul><li>They are eukaryotes and the have cellular wall . </li></ul><ul><li>They dont’ form tissues . </li></ul><ul><li>They are heterotrophs . </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Mould, yeast and mushroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition: Saprophytes,Parasites, Symbionts. </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction: They produce cells called spores. </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction: They live in the soil, in dark places. </li></ul>
  7. 7. PARTS OF A FUNGI 1- Cap 2- Stalk 3- Volva 4-Hyphae-Mycelium Yeast Athlete foot
  8. 8. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>1.Draw a mushroom in your notebook and write the names of its parts. </li></ul><ul><li>2.The three types of fungi nutrition are… </li></ul><ul><li>3.Copy and complete the sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>a)The fungi’s cells are__________ and they have__________. </li></ul><ul><li>b)Yeasts are _______________ fungi. </li></ul>
  9. 9. THE PLANT KINGDOM <ul><li>Plants are eukaryotic multicellular organisms. </li></ul><ul><li>They make photosynthesis . </li></ul><ul><li>They are autotrophs. </li></ul><ul><li>They have sexual and asexual reproduction. </li></ul><ul><li>They live in the soil and can’t move. </li></ul><ul><li>Classification of plants: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plants with seeds: Gymnosperms and angiosperms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plants without seeds: They don’t have flowers. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Parts of a plant </li></ul>
  11. 11. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>1.Copy and complete the following sentence: </li></ul><ul><li>Plants have___________ nutriticion because they make __________ to produce their own_________. </li></ul><ul><li>2. True or false? </li></ul><ul><li>a)Angiosperms are plants with seed inside the fruit. </li></ul><ul><li>b)Plants are heterotrophs. </li></ul>

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