1MEDC: Local:Hurricane KatrinaFormed: August 23rd, 2005 (2005 Hurricane Season)Dissipated: August 30th, 2005Highest Winds: 175mphFatalities: 1, 836Damage: $300billion (MetOffice)Areas Affected: Bahamas, South Florida, Cuba, Louisiana,Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Panhandle. Flooded levee system in New Orleans, Louisiana; 80% of New Orleans was flooded. Much of this flooding was caused by failures in the city’s floodwalls. Formed as a tropical depression, then to a tropical storm, then to a hurricane. Category 5 hurricane. Lost hurricane strength later in the storm, more than 150miles inland. Round the clock rescue efforts from air crews. 3 million people left without electricity. High-rise buildings with much damage to windows. Gulf Coast Eleven counties and eleven cities issues evacuation orders. Public transport shut down.80% of 1.3 million people evacuated.Greater New OrleansLouisiana Superdrome sheltered 26, 000 people.MississippiStreets and bridges washed away90% coastal structures completely destroyed
2First hit land in South Florida and Cuba as category one storm; 80mph winds; rainfall exceeded14inches; storm surges of 3-5 feet.Then hit Louisiana four days later; 125mph winds; category three storm; storm surges exceeding 14feet;Economic EffectsKatrina damaged or destroyed 30 oil platformsForest industry affected as 1.3million acres of forest lands destroyed; losses of upto $5billion.Huge amounts of local residents left unemployed > fewer taxes paid to local government.Before the hurricane, the region supported approximately one million non-farm jobs, with 600,000of them in New Orleans.Some insurance companies stopped providing insurance for homeowners in the area due to highcosts.Agricultural productionwas damaged bytornadoes and flooding.Cotton and sugar-canecrops were flattened.EnvironmentalEffectsSubstantial beacherosion.Chandeleur islands >The US GeologicalSurvey has estimated 217square miles (560 km2)of land was transformedto water.Lost lands was breeding homes for animals such as marine mammals, brown pelicans, turtles, andfish, as well as migratory species such as redhead ducks. Over 20% of marshes permanently turned towater.Damage forced the closure of 16 National Wildlife Refuges.Flood waters which covered New Orleans were pumped into Lake Pontchartrain contained rawsewage, bacteria, heavy metals, pesticides, toxic chemicals and over 24million litres of oil.Social EffectsRemaining residents of New Orleans began looting shops, many in search of food and water.Shootings between police and residents lead to one fatality.Responses
3Federal Emergency Management Agency - logistical supply deployments, mortuary team withrefrigerated trucks, housing assistance,Coast Guard rescued more than 33, 000 stranded people.Military presence.Congress authorised $63billion for aid.Countries offering money include: Cuba, Venezuela, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, South Korea,Australia and China.India sent tarps, blankets and hygiene kits.NGO responsesRed Cross, Oxfam, Salvation Army, Habitat for Humanity etc.Corporate donations near $1billion.
5 Number of housing units damaged, destroyed, or inaccessible because of Katrina: 850,791 Percentage of New Orleans’ pre-Katrina residents who have returned to the city: approximately 45 Depth of water covering parts of New Orleans: 20 feet Square miles of coastal wetlands that were converted to open water after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: 118 In terms of energy, number of atomic bombs it would take to equal Hurricane Katrina’s power: 100,000 Gallons of water the New Orleans water system loses each day due to breaks caused by Katrina and an under funded repair budget: 85 million Percentage of New Orleans cultural institutions that remain closed from storm damage: 75 Number of homes destroyed by breaches in federally designed and funded levees and not covered under the federal housing recovery plan: 200,000 Number of jobs eliminated in the Gulf Coast by Hurricane Katrina: 230,000 Permanent employment loss in Louisiana: 100,000