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Power point exercise 1 anamarie lansangan

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  • 1. BLOOD PRESSURE 101
    Taking Control of the Silent Killer
  • 2. Blood Pressure Definition
    Adult Blood Pressure Categories
    Detection 
    Hypertension Prevention Tips
    References
  • 3. Blood Pressure Definition
    Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels, and is one of the principal vital signs. During each heartbeat, BP varies between a maximum (systolic) and a minimum (diastolic) pressure. The mean BP, due to pumping by the heart and resistance to flow in blood vessels, decreases as the circulating blood moves away from the heart through arteries. Blood pressure drops most rapidly along the small arteries and arterioles, and continues to decrease as the blood moves through the capillaries and back to the heart through veins. Gravity, valves in veins, and pumping from contraction of skeletal muscles, are some other influences on BP at various places in the body.
  • 4. Force of blood on vein wallsPressure units: milligrams of mercury (mgHg)
  • 5. Defined by two numbersSystolic: pressure during beatsDiastolic: pressure between beats
    Read as the systolic over diastolic level
    Example: 120 over 80
  • 6. Adult Blood Pressure Categories
    Normal
    Systolic < 120 - 139
    Diastolic < 80
  • 7. Pre-12hypertension
    Systolic 120-139
    Diastolic 80-89
  • 8. Hypertension
    Systolic >140
    Diastolic >90
  • 9. Detection
    No symptoms
    Pressure must be tested
    Sphygmomanometer and stethoscope used
  • 10. Hypertension Prevention Tips
    Eat Healthy
    Fruits and vegetables
    Low fat diet
    Maintain Weight
  • 11. Exercise regularly
  • 12. References
    National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
    www.nlhbi.nih.gov
    American Heart Association
    www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml
  • 13. Thank you!