Humanities

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Humanities

  1. 1. HUMANITIES Preparedby: LANIEP.PLECERDA INSTRUCTORI
  2. 2. HUMANITIES – comes from the Latin humanus, which means human, cultured, and refined. To be human is to have or show qualities, like rationality, kindness, and tenderness. - it refers to the arts – the visual arts such as architecture; painting and sculpture; music; dance; the theater or drama; and literature.
  3. 3. Art – is very important in our life. It constitutes one of the oldest and most important means of expression developed by man. Wherever men have lived together, art has sprung up among them as a language charged with feeling and significance. -like love, is not easy to define. -it concerns itself with the communication of certain ideas and feelings by means of a sensuous medium – color, sound, bronze, marble, words, and
  4. 4. Five Areas of Art 1. Visual arts – it is the art that we perceive through our eyes and architecture is one part of it. -involve not only painting and sculpture but include such things as clothes, household appliances, and the furnishings of our homes, schools, churches, and other buildings. - include much more than
  5. 5. 2. MUSIC – this is the art of combining and regulating sounds of varying pitch to produce compositions, expressive of various ideas and emotions. -Its primary function is to entertain. -It is one of the great arts of our civilization, along with literature, painting, sculpture, architecture, and dance. -It bases its appeal on the sensuous beauty of musical sounds.
  6. 6. MUSIC – deals with emotions. Its being a pure art enables it to convey emotions with great intensity and can affect people directly. 3. DANCE – is another form of art that is common to man even during the earliest time. - It is the most direct of the arts for it makes use of the human body as its medium.
  7. 7. 4. DRAMA – is another of the important arts. It is a dramatic activities are usually part of every school and community program. MOTION PICTURE – is a popular addition to the various forms of the theater Radio – makes available drama for the auditory sense and imagination. Television – brings the art of the drama to many people.
  8. 8. FORMS OF LITERATURE PLAY – is a form of literature. Scenery and costume provide the visual arts, and music may serve as a background to use the mood or to serve as part of the plot. OPERA– is a drama set to music. - It is a form of the theater. The theater combines several of the arts.
  9. 9. What the Arts Have in Common The most basic relationship is that the arts are concerned with emotions, with our feelings about things. Emotions are part of our basic nature. An Artist – is a person who exhibits exceptional skills in design, drawing, painting, etc. or one who works in one of the performing
  10. 10. The Work of the Creative Artist Creativity is an artist’s trait developed in the course of his life to solve problems or express his feelings. The process of creativity is threefold, with the artist as the prime mover, communicating his ideas through the performer as his interpreter to the audience.
  11. 11. The Process of Creation 3 Phases in the Process of Creation 1. The artist must have an idea; 2. The artist must have a material to work with; 3. The artist must give form to his idea. The Idea – artist are highly sensitive persons specially aware of the things that surround them.
  12. 12. The Material and Process – the artist’s various materials have a profound effect on his products. Art of space – the sculpture is something we can see or take in at a glance in its entirety and so sculpture is an art of space. Art of time – the hymn we hear takes a number of minutes to be sung or the entire composition to be played and so music is the art of time.
  13. 13. Organization and Form – artists have developed a host of different forms to express the ideas they work on. Time arts – certain forms of organization are standard and widely accepted. Popular songwriters use the conventional 32-measure length. Symphonic composers use the accepted structure of four movements. Poetry has a number of well-defined forms which are often used: the sonnet, the quatrain, the Spenserian stanza. Operas and plays are always divided into a number of acts.
  14. 14. STYLE – is a term which refers to the development of forms in art that are related to particular historical periods. Forms in the space arts are often symmetrically balanced in their design SYMMETRICAL BALANCE - the two sides of the object are identical. ASYMMETRIC BALANCE – is the kind of organization found in most paintings and other two-dimensional graphic works.
  15. 15. SCOPE OF HUMANITIES VISUAL ARTS – are those that we perceive with our eyes. They maybe classified into two groups 1. GRAPHIC ARTS – covers any form of visual artistic representation, especially painting, drawing, photography, etc. or in which portrayals of forms and symbols are recorded on a two- dimensional surface.
  16. 16. a. Painting – this is the process of applying pigment to a surface to secure effects involving forms and colors. b. Drawing – is the art of representing something by lines made n a surface or the process of portraying an object, scene, or forms of decorative or symbolic meaning through lines, shading, and textures in one or more colors.
  17. 17. c. Graphic processes – these are processes for making multi-reproduction of graphic works. Processes may be classified by the nature of the surface from which the printing is done: raised (relief); depressed (intaglio); or flat (surface, or plane). 1. Relief Printing – is the process whereby unwanted portions of design are cut away on the master image. The printed image is formed by the remaining surfaces. 2. Intaglio printing – is a method of printing from a plate on which incised lines, which carry the ink, leave a raised impression.
  18. 18. KINDS OF INTAGLIO PRINTING a. Dry Point – here the artist draw directly on a metal plate with a sharp needle and scratches lines, or grooves, into the metal. b. Etching– this is the art or process of producing drawings or designs on metal plates covered with wax. c. Engraving – this is done on a metal plate with a cutting tool called a barin, which leaves a V-shaped trough. Drawings or designs on the plate are entirely composed of lines and/or dots.
  19. 19. 3. Surface Printing – includes all processes in which printing is done from a flat (plane) surface. Lithography is the art or process of printing from a flat stone or metal plate by a method based on the repulsion between grease and water. Silkscreen. Silk is stretched over a rectangular frame and unwanted portions in the design are blocked out. Pigment is forced through the clear areas. d. Commercial Art – this includes designing of books, advertisements, signs, posters, and other displays to promote sale or acceptance of product, service, or idea.
  20. 20. e. Mechanical Processes – these are developed by commercial printers for rapid, large-quantity reproduction of words and pictures in one or more colors. f. Photography – this is a chemical-mechanical process by which images are produced on sensitized surfaces by action of light. Reproductions may be in black or white or in full colors of the original. 2. The Plastic Arts – this group includes all fields of the visual arts in which materials are organized into three-dimensional forms.
  21. 21. a. Architecture – is the art of designing and constructing buildings and other types of structures. b. Landscape Architecture – is planning outdoor areas for human use and enjoyment, especially gardens, parks, playgrounds, golf courses. Chief materials are plants, trees, shrubs, flowers, vines, and ground cover. c. City Planning – this refers to planning and arranging the physical aspects of a large or small community. d. Interior Design – the term is used to designate design and arrangement of architectural interiors for convenience and beauty.
  22. 22. e. Sculpture – refers to the design and construction of three dimensional forms representing natural objects or imaginary shapes. f. Crafts – refers t the designing and making of objects by hand for use or for pleasure. g. Industrial Design – refers to design of objects for machine production. h. Dress and Costume Design – this covers the design of wearing apparel of all types – dresses, coats, suits, shoes, ties, etc. i. Theater Design – is the design of settings for dramatic productions.
  23. 23. LITERATURE The art of combining spoken or written words and their meanings into forms which have artistic and emotional appeal. 1. Drama – is a form of literature. 2. Essay – this is non-fiction, expository writing ranging from informal, personal topics to closely reasoned critical treatments of important subjects.

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