Green building codes, programs & rating systems


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  • USGBC started in 1992. Now is the fastest growing non profit in the world- over 25,000 organizational members.100,000 LEED APs.LEED is the accepted premiere standard of Green Building in the world today.
  • New Construction 2.2 is now being offered in a new version.Neighborhood Development is in the preliminary stages of design.
  • By using efficient technology in combination with the best ofproven passive solar features, the zerocarbon home outperforms without getting complicated.Typical features include ground-source heat pumps, ultra efficient lighting and appliances, super insulated walls, floors and roofs, solarhot water pre-heat systems and solar photovoltaic power integrated into the roof design.
  • Green building codes, programs & rating systems

    2. 2. California Climate Policy<br />AB32 “California Global Warming Solutions Act”<br />Reduce CA Greenhouse Gas Emissions to 1990 Levels by 2020<br />CEC, CPUC to require (Title 24):<br />All new residential construction zero net energy by 2020<br />All new commercial construction zero net energy by 2030<br />
    3. 3. Many Green Building Rating Systems<br />Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2009<br />
    4. 4. Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2009<br />Credit: SERA Architects, Portland, Oregon <br />
    5. 5. Lifecycle of Buildings - Think in Terms of Flow<br />Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2009<br />Materials<br />Energy<br />Water<br />Money<br />Air<br />Site<br />Waste<br />Heat &<br />Light<br />Waste <br />Water<br />Wasted<br />Money<br />Material<br />Waste<br />Pollution<br />
    6. 6. Big Problems Hidden in Plain View<br />Looking at buildings through <br />codes has been like looking <br />through a microscope, with <br />individual building-related risks <br />filling the field of view. <br />Beyond this limited scope of <br />concern are much greater<br />generalized risks for everyone <br />and future generations that <br />can't be seen through that lens. <br />Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2009<br />
    7. 7. Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2008<br />Risk - The Bigger Picture…<br />Risk - Through the Microscope of Codes…<br />Risks to Future Generations<br />Climate Impact<br />Resource Depletion<br />Fire Safety<br />Structural Integrity<br />Means of Egress<br />Light<br />Ventilation<br />Heat<br />Water & Wastewater<br />Electrical & Gas<br />Energy Efficiency<br />Fire Safety<br />Structural Integrity<br />Means of Egress<br />Light<br />Ventilation<br />Heat<br />Water & Wastewater<br />Electrical & Gas<br />Energy Efficiency<br />Dependence on Non-Renewable Energy<br />Embodied Energy<br />Pollution<br />Loss of Habitat<br />Loss of Biodiversity<br />Toxicity of Materials<br />Nutrification of Water<br />Loss of Agricultural Land<br />Increased Transportation<br />Heat Island Effect<br />Externalized Costs to Society<br />
    8. 8. Risk - The Bigger Picture…<br />Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2009<br />
    9. 9. Risk - We Need to Balance them All…<br />
    10. 10. Huge Risks are <br />Falling Through the Cracks…<br />Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2009<br />
    11. 11. The Current Situation…<br />Typically we have a maze of regulations & agencies, with jurisdictional levels, and differing goals and standards. <br />The gaps externalize risks to the future and to the commons. The overlaps complicate enforcement, and often allow each agency to avoid full responsibility.<br />Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2009<br />
    12. 12. The Current Situation…<br />Regulations are reactions to serious, persistent<br />problems requiring official action. We don't get them<br />when problems are small, manageable or avoidable. <br />We haven't designed in a forward-looking capability<br />to address emergent risks or new kinds of risk...<br />so the main navigational <br />tool in the regulatory arena <br />is the rear view mirror…<br />Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2009<br />
    13. 13. These are Questions to Be Addressed<br />What Risk?<br />Where?<br />To Whom?<br />When? <br />How Long?<br />How?<br />How Much? <br />Is It Reversible? <br />Is It Necessary?<br />At What Cost<br />and to Whom? <br />(not just monetary)<br />Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2009<br />
    14. 14. Appropriate Technology<br />The lowest or simplest level of technology that can do the job well…<br />And that doesn't make people or their communities dependent on systems over which they have no control. <br />Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2009<br />
    15. 15. Responsibility for Unintended Consequences<br />Doing things as locally as possible, as simply as possible, and doing as little as possible of those things that we know are harmful or about which our knowledge and understanding is limited.<br />Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2009<br />
    16. 16. Rethinking Long-Standing Assumptions<br /> Traditional, non-industrial materials & building systems were rejected because of labor-intensity not because they're inferior or dangerous.<br />Lack of support for research, testing, and the development of standards makes it hard to gain approval for their use.<br />Development Center for Appropriate Technology - 2009<br />
    17. 17. Life Cycle Assessment<br />
    18. 18. California Green Building Code<br />Chapter 1 – <br />101.2 Purpose – establishes the CA GBC as a means to improve public health, safety and general welfare by …….building concepts having a positive environmental impact and encouraging sustainable construction practices.<br />
    19. 19. CA GBC<br />Section 101.7<br />….view these standards as minimal Green Building Standards and that local government entities retain their discretion to exceed the standards established by this code.<br />
    20. 20. How does the CA GBC work?<br />The CA GBC is a collection of green building <br />“best practices.” <br />It does NOT determine if a building is green.<br />It is NOT a rating system. <br />
    21. 21. Green building Rating Systems<br />LEED<br />Green Point Rated<br />One Planet<br />2030 Architecture Challenge<br />
    22. 22. LEED<br />Third-party certification program and nationally accepted benchmark for the design, construction, and operation of high performance green buildings.<br />
    23. 23. Rating Systems and Awards<br />LEED Rating Systems<br />New Construction<br />Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance<br />Commercial Interiors<br />Core & Shell<br />Schools<br />Retail<br />Healthcare<br />Homes<br />Neighborhood Development<br />LEED for New Construction Awards<br />Certified 26-32 points<br />Silver 33-38 points<br />Gold 39-51 points<br />Platinum 52-69 points<br />
    24. 24. LEED for HOMES<br />
    25. 25. Total Possible Points – LEED NC<br />
    26. 26. Green Building Programs- Northern California<br />Mandatory Programs<br />Livermore<br />Pleasanton<br />Albany<br />San Rafael<br />Novato<br />Rohnert Park<br />Larkspur<br />Cotati<br />Sebastopol<br />Santa Cruz (City)<br />Moraga<br />Los Altos<br />Windsor<br />Marin County<br />Developing Mandatory<br /><ul><li>Santa Rosa
    27. 27. Petaluma
    28. 28. Alameda
    29. 29. Palo Alto
    30. 30. San Francisco
    31. 31. Monterey (City)
    32. 32. San Jose
    33. 33. San Mateo (City)
    34. 34. Sonoma (City)
    35. 35. Napa Cities
    36. 36. Marin Cities
    37. 37. Sacramento (City)
    38. 38. Brisbane
    39. 39. Atherton
    40. 40. Hillsborough
    41. 41. Gilroy
    42. 42. Lodi
    43. 43. Davis
    44. 44. Sunnyvale</li></li></ul><li>Green Point Rating:Minimum 50 points Required <br /><ul><li>Consumer label, tied to independent field verification
    45. 45. Ratings reflect practices ABOVE code in CA
    46. 46. Resources for local govt. policies & incentives
    47. 47. Quantifies environmental benefits
    48. 48. Complementary to LEED for Homes</li></li></ul><li>Green Point RatedSingle Family Checklist<br />
    49. 49. REMEMBER……….<br />The pointis not about getting points. <br /> It’s about doing the right thing!<br />
    50. 50. One Planet Communities<br />
    51. 51. Sonoma Mountain Village<br />
    52. 52. 2030 Architecture Challenge<br />All new buildings, developments and major renovations designed for 50% energy use compared to average in region (or country) for that building type.<br />Fossil fuel reductions increased to: <br /> 60% in 2010<br /> 70% in 2015<br /> 80% in 2020 <br /> 90% in 2025<br />Carbon-neutral by 2030<br />(using no fossil fuel GHG emitting <br />energy to operate)<br />
    53. 53. Living Building Challenge asks designers to exceed LEED - to design a completely energy, water, climate, and chemically neutral building. <br />
    54. 54. informed by the eco-region’s characteristics<br />generates all of its own energy with renewable resources<br />captures and treats all of its water on site that uses resources efficiently, AND<br />for maximum beauty. <br />
    55. 55. Net Zero - Passive House<br />
    56. 56. NET ZERO – Passive House<br /><ul><li>Solar Thermal for Hot Water
    57. 57. Minimize Space Heating
    58. 58. PV for the Rest</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Accurate climate- and site-specific energy modeling
    59. 59. Superinsulation
    60. 60. Elimination/mitigation of thermal bridges
    61. 61. High performance windows and doors
    62. 62. Optimized passive solar design
    63. 63. Airtight shell with mechanical ventilation and heat recovery</li></ul>The Passive House Approach<br />
    64. 64. What You Can Do!<br />Identify what aspects of green building are important to you.<br /> Ask your local supplier to stock green building materials .<br />Continue greening your lives one step at a time.<br />
    65. 65. Special thanks to the following organizations whose materials were reflected in the presentation:<br />and…<br />Development Center for Appropriate Technology<br /><br />
    66. 66. BREAK<br />
    67. 67. Readings for Site, Land & Water Use<br />GREEN FROM THE GROUND UP<br />Chapter 16 Landscaping<br />
    68. 68. We did not inherit the Earth from our parents. We are borrowing it from our children. Chief Seattle<br />