Ecological design principles

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September 12, 2011

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Ecological design principles

  1. 1. Ecological Design Principles
  2. 2. ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS endangered species global climate change human survivalTRIPLE BOTTOM LINE social equity environmental impact financial reward
  3. 3. HUMAN CONTEXT
  4. 4. Green BuildingDockside Green: Vancouver BC
  5. 5. Green BuildingDockside Green: Vancouver BC Brownfield Site Vegetated Architectural Systems Sustainable Stormwater Management 100% Reuse of wastewater for industrial process Biodiesel plant on the site; tenants encouraged to use diesel vehicles Biomass Energy Generation LEED Platinum 7+ environmental awards
  6. 6. Green BuildingDockside Green: Vancouver BC
  7. 7. HARVARD BLACKSTONE RENOVATIONcogeneration & building systems monitoring University Operation Services, Registered LEED Gold Energy: heat recovery system, daylight sensors, occupant sensors, CF bulbs, LED, cool roof, geothermal/valence heat system Innovative Site Design: bioswale, NO irrigation, permeable paving Construction Waste: 99.5% diverted from landfill Low VOC finishes Daylight and views for 90% of occupants, operable windows Bamboo Natural Linoleum
  8. 8. HARVARD BLACKSTONE RENOVATIONcogeneration & building systems monitoring
  9. 9. Ecology of PlaceSound Attenuation
  10. 10. HABITAT CREATION
  11. 11. Conservation
  12. 12. CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES•197,000 sq. feet of Roof Area• Five Undulating Domes• Slopes in excess of 60 degrees• Six inches of Soil Depth• Diverse Native Plant Community• Observation Deck
  13. 13. CASE STUDY : C.A.S.
  14. 14.
  15. 15. temperate freshwater chianampa Chinampa is a method of ancient Mesoamerican agriculture which used small, rectangle-shaped areas of fertile arable land to grow crops on the shallow lake.
  16. 16. BIOMIMICRY
  17. 17. MICROTOPOGRAPHY increases BIODIVERSITY
  18. 18. Rhypark, Basel, SwitzerlandArchitect: Stadtgärtnerei BaselYear: 1987Natural Analogue: Dry MeadowRoof Size: 1615 sq.ft.Roof Slope: 1.5% NATURALIZED ROOFSEUROPEAN PRECEDENT slide courtesy rana creek
  19. 19. HERON’S HEAD PARK
  20. 20. S HERON’S HEAD PARK
  21. 21. Literacy for Environmental Justice at Heron’s Head Park
  22. 22. NATIVE SYSTEMS
  23. 23. EDUCATION
  24. 24. PERMACULTURE APPROACH
  25. 25. MATERIALS
  26. 26. Living Roofs-Desert Climates
  27. 27. Arkin Tilt Architects
  28. 28. ECOLOGICAL DESIGN PRINCIPLES
  29. 29. PRINCIPLE DESIGN CRITERIA “If we are sensitive to the nuances of place, we can inhabitSolutions Grow from without destroying.”Place “Trace the environmental impacts of existing or proposedEcological designs. Use this information to determine the mostAccounting Informs ecologically sound design possibility.”Design “Engaging in processes that regenerate rather than deplete.”Design With Nature “As people work together to heal their places, they also healEveryone is a themselves.”Designer “De-natured environments ignore our need and our potentialMake Nature Visible for learning.” ECOLOGICAL DESIGN: Sim van der Rynn/Stuart Co
  30. 30. 1. Insist on rights of humanity and nature to co-exist in a healthy, supportive, diverse andsustainable condition.2. Recognize interdependence. Expand design considerations to recognizing even distanteffects.3. Consider all aspects of human settlement including community, dwelling, industry andtrade in terms of existing and evolving connections between spiritual and materialconsciousness.4. Accept responsibility for the consequences of design decisions upon human well-being,the viability of natural systems and their right to co-exist.5. Do not burden future generations with requirements for maintenance or potential dangerdue to the careless creation of products, processes or standards.6. Eliminate the concept of waste. Evaluate and optimize the full life-cycle of products andprocesses, to approach the state of natural systems, in which there is no waste.7. Rely on natural energy flows. Incorporate energy efficiently and safely for responsibleuse.8. Understand the limitations of design. No design solves all problems. Treat nature as amodel and mentor, not as an inconvenience to be controlled.9. Seek constant improvement by the sharing of knowledge, and re-establish the integralrelationship between natural processes and human activity.
  31. 31. PRINCIPLE DESIGN CRITERIA Use indigenous plants, adapted to local environmentalEcological conditions, provide wildlife habitat.Reference Landscape in balance with nutrient availability, rainfall, andBalanced seasonal growing requirements of plants.Capacity Plant material selection is based on adaptation to seasonalAdaptation & climatic variation and soil conditions.Performance Self sustaining, self regenerative, and self transcending andSustainable adapting. Do not rely on the abundance of irrigation, fertilizers,Yield and maintenance. Contain healthy soils with active biological activity.HydrologicCycle Integration of site and structure by capturing, storing, reusing, and conveying of storm water to and through the ground plane landscape.
  32. 32. Special Thanks to the following for Photos and Design PrinciplesECOLOGICAL DESIGN: Josiah CainECOLOGICAL DESIGN: Sim van der Rynn/Stuart CowenRANA CREEK: Paul Kephart/Restoration ViewHANOVER PRINCIPLES: Wm. McDonough

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