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    Tx la conference 2012 final Tx la conference 2012 final Presentation Transcript

    • libraries andthe future oftransliteracy lane wilkinson houston, tx april 20, 2012 CPE#535
    • Welcome!
    • Blogs Presentations WebsitesWhere you’ll find Journals transliteracy Conferences Job descriptions Job titles
    • Social media Digital literacy Some things Ebookstransliteracy is Participatory not… Open Access New librarianship Library 2.0
    • Transliteracythe ability to read, write, and interact across a range of platforms, tools, and media.
    • A brief history of transliteracy
    • 2005The Transliteracies Project “Text has historicallyexisted as a negotiation between media, including oral, written, print, visual, and… electronic media.” (Liu 2006)
    • 2005The Transliteracies Project Studying “the zone ofnegotiation…by which the older dialogue among print, writing,orality, and audiovisualmedia…enters into new relations with digital media.” (Liu 2006)
    • 2007PART: Productionand Research in TransliteracyThe ability to read, write and interact across arange of platforms, tools and media. (Thomas, et al., 2007)
    • 2007PART: Productionand Research in Transliteracy “Transliteracy is an umbrella termencompassing different literacies and multiple communication channels.” (Andretta 2009)
    • 2010 Libraries and Transliteracy“Transliteracy began as a descriptive concept,designed to understand how people navigatetheir way across various media.” (Newman 2011)
    • 2010 Libraries and Transliteracy“[It is] understanding the ways various means ofcommunication interactand understanding…theskills necessary to move effortlessly from one medium to another.” (Ipri 2010)
    • What do all of these approaches have in common?
    • 1. Multiple media
    • 2. Communication
    • 3. Interaction
    • Transliteracy is the ability to communicate meaning between media
    • Why is transliteracy relevant to librarians?
    • Libraries have always promoted literacy
    • Literacy has alwaysbeen mediated by information technology
    • So, technologyinfluences how we can and should promote literacy
    • But, amultiplicity oftechnologies can be a logistical nightmare
    • Transliteracy helps us promote literacyacross technological barriers
    • The three pillars in more detail
    • Multiple media
    • Once upon a time… …literacy was simple.
    • Then, something changed…
    • We invented new tools to communicate
    • We found new places to communicate
    • We found new time to communicate
    • We’ve always had choices
    • Just never quite so many
    • economic social orality financial statistical economic meta web healthnew media information literacy cultural print digital critical visual computer scientific historical electracy post- visual financial numeracy
    • There’s got tobe a betterway
    • Communication
    • The birth of the web made it necessary forlibrarians to shift more towards teachingsearch strategies and evaluation ofsources. The tool-focused “bibliographicinstruction” approach was later replacedby the skill-focused “information literacy”approach.Meredith FarkasAmerican Libraries Magazine11/01/2011http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/columns/practice/information-literacy-20
    • The end of the “tool-focused approach”
    • But, information isn’t just evaluated
    • Information is used
    • Information iscommunicated
    • But doesn’tinformation literacy cover that?
    • Transliteracy and information literacy Print Scientific Orality Health Signing Economic Visual Cultural Computer Critical Digital Media
    • We can be literate without being able to evaluate
    • We can be information literatewithout being tech-savvy
    • Transliteracy and information literacy Print Scientific Orality Health Signing Economic Visual Cultural Computer Critical Digital Media Communication Evaluation
    • Transliteracy and information literacy Print Scientific Orality Health Signing Economic Visual Cultural Computer Critical Digital Media Transliteracy Information Literacy
    • We’ve done a great job with evaluation
    • Transliteracy is about bringing ourattention back to communication
    • Interaction
    • Transliteracy is also about asking: “How are all of these literacies & technologies supposed to interact?”
    • How have librarians dealt with interaction and integration?
    • Librarians lovecompartments
    • But patrons don’t
    • The “versus” mentality doesn’t cut it anymore
    • Informationresources are linked
    • Transliteracy is about avoiding silos
    • Caveat:It’s not just digital
    • Analog to analog
    • Analog to digital
    • Digital to digital
    • Transliteracy isaboutthe network
    • Transliteracy is an intersection… Multiple media Communication Interaction
    • Transliteracy and librarianship
    • Librarians encourage transliteracy by adopting programming andteaching strategies that promote skill transfer across media
    • Transliteracy is not something we teachTransliteracy is something we take advantage of
    • 1. Effective information use requires multiple information sources
    • The days of “one medium” research are over.
    • Yet we tendto focus onthe resourcesthat we know
    • To distinguishourselves fromthe web we often put up defensive walls
    • But, patrons will usenon-library resources
    • And they’rerunning rightinto the wallswe’ve beenbuilding
    • Get comfortable with non-library resources
    • Show how the library fits in
    • 2. Identify skills that can adapt
    • How are youpreparing your patrons for change? Your staff? Yourself?
    • An example
    • Can your patrons still use it?
    • Identify skills that will outlast change
    • 3. Encourage skills that transferacross platforms, tools, and media
    • The question posed by transliteracy is: “Are we encouraging skills that transfer?”
    • Transfer of learning The ability to transfer cognitive skills learned in one domain to a new domain
    • Encourage skills that will adjust
    • Start from patrons’ existing mentalmodels of libraries (Holman 2011)
    • And teach the analogy1) Candidate inferences2) Schema abstraction3) Re-representation (Gentner & Colhoun 2010)
    • Begin with what they know
    • Encourage inference through analogy
    • Show how it works,not just how to use it
    • Give ample time for free play
    • The library is reinforced as a node in the network
    • Wikipedia before class
    • Google versus the Library
    • You moved off-campus, but now you’ve got roaches!Where’s the best place to find out which bug-spray ismost effective?A. Off.comB. The Journal of EntomologyC. Yahoo! AnswersD. Ask Grandma The library is not (always) the answer
    • Teaching the analogy
    • The world of information
    • Ample time to experiment
    • Social media training
    • Workshops and beyond…
    • We constantly ask:How can we makethe library a partof their network?
    • That’s the core of transliteracy
    • It’s not a set of skills
    • It’s a goal
    • Conclusion?
    • The future of transliteracy?
    • There’s still something of value
    • We still have to deal withmultiple media
    • We still have to deal withcommunication
    • We still have to deal withhow it all fits together
    • So, how do we get there?
    • Transliteracy is the ability to read,write and interact across a range of platforms, tools and media
    • It’s about communicating meaning across media.
    • The word ‘transliteracy’ may not last
    • But, the need fortransliteracy willalways be around
    • Thank you senseandreference.wordpress.comlibrariesandtransliteracy.wordpress.com
    • ReferencesAndretta, S. (2009). Transliteracy: Take a walk on the wild side. In World Library and Information Congress: 75th IFLA Genreal Conference and Assembly, Milan, Italy: 23-27. http://eprints.rclis.org/handle/10760/14868Farkas, M. (2011). Information literacy 2.0. American Libraries [Blog post]. November 1, 2011. Available at: http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/columns/practice/information-literacy-20Gentner, D. & Colhoun, J. (2010). Analogical processes in human thinking and learning. In Glatzeder, B., Goel, V., and von Muller, A. (2010). Towards a Theory of Thinking. Heidelburg: Springer. 35-48.Holman, L. (2011). Millennial students’ mental models of search: implications for academic librarians and database developers. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 37(1): 19-27.Ipri, T. (2010) Introducing Transliteracy. College & Research Libraries News, 71(10), 532-567Liu, A. (2006). Definition of Online Reading. http://transliteracies.english.ucsb.edu/category/research- project/definition-of-online-readingNewman, B. (2011). Beginner’s guide to transliteracy. Available online at http://librariesandtransliteracy.wordpress.com/beginner’s-guide-to-transliteracy/Thomas, S., et al. (2007) Transliteracy: crossing divides. First Monday, 12(12). Online. http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2060/1908