Social media Digital literacy Some things Ebookstransliteracy is Participatory not… Open Access New librarianship Library 2.0
Transliteracythe ability to read, write, and interact across a range of platforms, tools, and media.
A brief history of transliteracy
2005The Transliteracies Project “Text has historicallyexisted as a negotiation between media, including oral, written, print, visual, and… electronic media.” (Liu 2006)
2005The Transliteracies Project Studying “the zone ofnegotiation…by which the older dialogue among print, writing,orality, and audiovisualmedia…enters into new relations with digital media.” (Liu 2006)
2007PART: Productionand Research in TransliteracyThe ability to read, write and interact across arange of platforms, tools and media. (Thomas, et al., 2007)
2007PART: Productionand Research in Transliteracy “Transliteracy is an umbrella termencompassing different literacies and multiple communication channels.” (Andretta 2009)
2010 Libraries and Transliteracy“Transliteracy began as a descriptive concept,designed to understand how people navigatetheir way across various media.” (Newman 2011)
2010 Libraries and Transliteracy“[It is] understanding the ways various means ofcommunication interactand understanding…theskills necessary to move effortlessly from one medium to another.” (Ipri 2010)
What do all of these approaches have in common?
1. Multiple media
Transliteracy is the ability to communicate meaning between media
Why is transliteracy relevant to librarians?
Libraries have always promoted literacy
Literacy has alwaysbeen mediated by information technology
So, technologyinfluences how we can and should promote literacy
But, amultiplicity oftechnologies can be a logistical nightmare
Transliteracy helps us promote literacyacross technological barriers
The three pillars in more detail
Once upon a time… …literacy was simple.
Then, something changed…
We invented new tools to communicate
We found new places to communicate
We found new time to communicate
We’ve always had choices
Just never quite so many
economic social orality financial statistical economic meta web healthnew media information literacy cultural print digital critical visual computer scientific historical electracy post- visual financial numeracy
There’s got tobe a betterway
The birth of the web made it necessary forlibrarians to shift more towards teachingsearch strategies and evaluation ofsources. The tool-focused “bibliographicinstruction” approach was later replacedby the skill-focused “information literacy”approach.Meredith FarkasAmerican Libraries Magazine11/01/2011http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/columns/practice/information-literacy-20
The end of the “tool-focused approach”
But, information isn’t just evaluated
Information is used
But doesn’tinformation literacy cover that?
Transliteracy and information literacy Print Scientific Orality Health Signing Economic Visual Cultural Computer Critical Digital Media
We can be literate without being able to evaluate
We can be information literatewithout being tech-savvy
Transliteracy and information literacy Print Scientific Orality Health Signing Economic Visual Cultural Computer Critical Digital Media Communication Evaluation
Transliteracy and information literacy Print Scientific Orality Health Signing Economic Visual Cultural Computer Critical Digital Media Transliteracy Information Literacy
We’ve done a great job with evaluation
Transliteracy is about bringing ourattention back to communication
Transliteracy is also about asking: “How are all of these literacies & technologies supposed to interact?”
How have librarians dealt with interaction and integration?
But patrons don’t
The “versus” mentality doesn’t cut it anymore
Informationresources are linked
Transliteracy is about avoiding silos
Caveat:It’s not just digital
Analog to analog
Analog to digital
Digital to digital
Transliteracy isaboutthe network
Transliteracy is an intersection… Multiple media Communication Interaction
Transliteracy and librarianship
Librarians encourage transliteracy by adopting programming andteaching strategies that promote skill transfer across media
Transliteracy is not something we teachTransliteracy is something we take advantage of
1. Effective information use requires multiple information sources
The days of “one medium” research are over.
Yet we tendto focus onthe resourcesthat we know
To distinguishourselves fromthe web we often put up defensive walls
But, patrons will usenon-library resources
And they’rerunning rightinto the wallswe’ve beenbuilding
Get comfortable with non-library resources
Show how the library fits in
2. Identify skills that can adapt
How are youpreparing your patrons for change? Your staff? Yourself?
Can your patrons still use it?
Identify skills that will outlast change
3. Encourage skills that transferacross platforms, tools, and media
The question posed by transliteracy is: “Are we encouraging skills that transfer?”
Transfer of learning The ability to transfer cognitive skills learned in one domain to a new domain
Encourage skills that will adjust
Start from patrons’ existing mentalmodels of libraries (Holman 2011)
And teach the analogy1) Candidate inferences2) Schema abstraction3) Re-representation (Gentner & Colhoun 2010)
Begin with what they know
Encourage inference through analogy
Show how it works,not just how to use it
Give ample time for free play
The library is reinforced as a node in the network
Wikipedia before class
Google versus the Library
You moved off-campus, but now you’ve got roaches!Where’s the best place to find out which bug-spray ismost effective?A. Off.comB. The Journal of EntomologyC. Yahoo! AnswersD. Ask Grandma The library is not (always) the answer
Teaching the analogy
The world of information
Ample time to experiment
Social media training
Workshops and beyond…
We constantly ask:How can we makethe library a partof their network?
That’s the core of transliteracy
It’s not a set of skills
It’s a goal
The future of transliteracy?
There’s still something of value
We still have to deal withmultiple media
We still have to deal withcommunication
We still have to deal withhow it all fits together
So, how do we get there?
Transliteracy is the ability to read,write and interact across a range of platforms, tools and media
It’s about communicating meaning across media.
The word ‘transliteracy’ may not last
But, the need fortransliteracy willalways be around
Thank you senseandreference.wordpress.comlibrariesandtransliteracy.wordpress.com
ReferencesAndretta, S. (2009). Transliteracy: Take a walk on the wild side. In World Library and Information Congress: 75th IFLA Genreal Conference and Assembly, Milan, Italy: 23-27. http://eprints.rclis.org/handle/10760/14868Farkas, M. (2011). Information literacy 2.0. American Libraries [Blog post]. November 1, 2011. Available at: http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/columns/practice/information-literacy-20Gentner, D. & Colhoun, J. (2010). Analogical processes in human thinking and learning. In Glatzeder, B., Goel, V., and von Muller, A. (2010). Towards a Theory of Thinking. Heidelburg: Springer. 35-48.Holman, L. (2011). Millennial students’ mental models of search: implications for academic librarians and database developers. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 37(1): 19-27.Ipri, T. (2010) Introducing Transliteracy. College & Research Libraries News, 71(10), 532-567Liu, A. (2006). Definition of Online Reading. http://transliteracies.english.ucsb.edu/category/research- project/definition-of-online-readingNewman, B. (2011). Beginner’s guide to transliteracy. Available online at http://librariesandtransliteracy.wordpress.com/beginner’s-guide-to-transliteracy/Thomas, S., et al. (2007) Transliteracy: crossing divides. First Monday, 12(12). Online. http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2060/1908